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Soviet Union's Navy Flag

Soviet Union's Krasnyi Kavkaz cruiser

Design

There were a total of eight sister ships with six being launched and only the Admiral Lazarev being 63% completed before the German armistice of 1917.1 In 1924 the Soviet Union decided to completed the Admiral Lazarev with a slightly revised design.1

Aircraft

There was one Heinkel catapult for launching aircraft.1 Typically there was only a single He 55 flying boat that was carried.1

Engines

The forward turbine room powered to outboard shafts.1

Ships

Krasnyi Kavkaz

  • Original name: Admiral Lazarev.1,2,3
  • Manufacturer: Nikolayev Dock Yard3, Russud Dock Yard1
  • October 31, 1913, 19142: Laid down.1,2,3
  • June 21, 1916: Launched.1,3
  • December 1926: Renamed Krasnyi Kavkaz.1
  • September 1927: Construction restarted.1
  • January 25, 1932: Completed.1,3
  • May 1932: Collided with Komintern.1
  • May 1932: Repairs.1 Bow altered.1
  • October - November 11, 1933: Cruise to Istanbul, Piraeus, and Naples with Petrovskij and Saumjan.1 Returned to Odessa.1
  • June 1941: Laid mines near Sevastopol.1
  • June 28, 1941: Novorossisk.1
  • July 1941: Odessa.1 Shelled Romanian troops.1 Landed amphibious troops behind enemy lines.1
  • October 1, 1941: Assisted with evacuation of Odessa and Tendra Island.1
  • October 14, 1941: Bombing around Odessa until evacuation completed.1
  • October 31, 1941: Became artillery support for Sevastopol.1 Transported supplies.1
  • December 1941: Supported landings at Feodosia.1 Damaged.1
  • December 29, 1941: Heavily damaged by Feodosiya's shore batteries.3
  • January 4, 1942: Damaged by Stukas of the Stukageschwader 77.1,3 Initially went to Tuapse and then to Poti for repairs.1,3
  • January - August 17, 1942, January - October, 19423: Repairs.1,3
  • August 1942: Transported 16,000 troops and equipment to Tuapse in five trips.1
  • 1943: Supported amphibious operations.1
  • Autumn 1944: Refit.1
  • May 23, 1945: Sevastopol.1

Specifications

  Krasnyi Kavkaz
Crew 8502,3, 8801
Displacement 7,440 tons1, 7,650 tons3, 8,030 tons2
Displacement - Loaded 9,030 tons3, 9,174 tons1
Physical Characteristics  
Length 530'2, 555' 11"1
169.5 m1,3
Length - Water Line 537' 3"1
163.8 m1
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 50' 6"2, 51' 6"1
15.7 m1,3
Draft / Height 20' 4"2, 21' 7"1
6.2 m3, 6.6 m1
Performance  
Speed 29 knots3, 29.5 knots1, 30 knots2
Range at 14 knots 3,700 nautical miles2
Range at 15 knots 3,500 nautical miles1
Armament 7.1"1,2, 18 cm L/573: 41,2,3
Anti-Aircraft 4"2: 122
3.9" twin mounts1, 10 cm L/473: 41,3
3"2, 76 mm L/551: 21,2
45 mm1,2, 45 mm L/463: 41,2,3
37 mm2, 37 mm L/673: 82,3
0.5" machine guns3, Machine guns2: 43, 142
Mines 1002,3
Torpedoes 21"1,2,3: 4 mounts 3 tubes each1,2,3
Aircraft 13, 21
Armor  
Belt - Main 1" - 3"1, 1.5" - 3"3, 2" - 3"2
Control Tower 3"1,2,3
Deck 0.75 - 1.25"1, 1"2, 1" - 1.5"3
Turrets 3"1,2,3
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 101, 123, 132
Shafts 22,3, 41
Turbines Brown-Boverie geared1,2
HP 55,0001,2,3
Coal 540 tons2
Oil 690 tons2, 1,600 tons1,3
  Krasnyi Kavkaz 1944
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament 18 cm L/573: 43
Anti-Aircraft 3.9" twin mounts1, 10 cm L/57 twin mounts3: 61,3
76 mm L/551, 3" L/453: 21,3
45 mm1, 45 mm L/463: 41,3
37 mm1, 37 mm L/673: 101,3
0.5" machine gun1: 63, 81
Torpedoes  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site