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Soviet Union's Navy Flag

Soviet Union's Krasnyi Kavkaz cruiser

Design

There were a total of eight sister ships with six being launched and only the Admiral Lazarev being 63% completed before the German armistice of 1917. In 1924 the Soviet Union decided to completed the Admiral Lazarev with a slightly revised design.

Aircraft

There was one Heinkel catapult for launching aircraft. Typically there was only a single He 55 flying boat that was carried.

Engines

The forward turbine room powered to outboard shafts.

Ships

Krasnyi Kavkaz

  • Original name: Admiral Lazarev.
  • Manufacturer: Nikolayev Dock Yard, Russud Dock Yard
  • October 31, 1913, 1914: Laid down.
  • June 21, 1916: Launched.
  • December 1926: Renamed Krasnyi Kavkaz.
  • September 1927: Construction restarted.
  • January 25, 1932: Completed.
  • May 1932: Collided with Komintern.
  • May 1932: Repairs. Bow altered.
  • October - November 11, 1933: Cruise to Istanbul, Piraeus, and Naples with Petrovskij and Saumjan. Returned to Odessa.
  • June 1941: Laid mines near Sevastopol.
  • June 28, 1941: Novorossisk.
  • July 1941: Odessa. Shelled Romanian troops. Landed amphibious troops behind enemy lines.
  • October 1, 1941: Assisted with evacuation of Odessa and Tendra Island.
  • October 14, 1941: Bombing around Odessa until evacuation completed.
  • October 31, 1941: Became artillery support for Sevastopol. Transported supplies.
  • December 1941: Supported landings at Feodosia. Damaged.
  • December 29, 1941: Heavily damaged by Feodosiya's shore batteries.
  • January 4, 1942: Damaged by Stukas of the Stukageschwader 77. Initially went to Tuapse and then to Poti for repairs.
  • January - August 17, 1942, January - October, 1942: Repairs.
  • August 1942: Transported 16,000 troops and equipment to Tuapse in five trips.
  • 1943: Supported amphibious operations.
  • Autumn 1944: Refit.
  • May 23, 1945: Sevastopol.

Specifications

  Krasnyi Kavkaz
Crew 850, 880
Displacement 7,440 tons, 7,650 tons, 8,030 tons
Displacement - Loaded 9,030 tons, 9,174 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 530', 555' 11"
169.5 m
Length - Water Line 537' 3"
163.8 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 50' 6", 51' 6"
15.7 m
Draft / Height 20' 4", 21' 7"
6.2 m, 6.6 m
Performance  
Speed 29 knots, 29.5 knots, 30 knots
Range at 14 knots 3,700 nautical miles
Range at 15 knots 3,500 nautical miles
Armament 7.1", 18 cm L/57: 4
Anti-Aircraft 4": 12
3.9" twin mounts, 10 cm L/47: 4
3", 76 mm L/55: 2
45 mm, 45 mm L/46: 4
37 mm, 37 mm L/67: 8
0.5" machine guns, Machine guns: 4, 14
Mines 100
Torpedoes 21": 4 mounts 3 tubes each
Aircraft 1, 2
Armor  
Belt - Main 1" - 3", 1.5" - 3", 2" - 3"
Control Tower 3"
Deck 0.75 - 1.25", 1", 1" - 1.5"
Turrets 3"
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 10, 12, 13
Shafts 2, 4
Turbines Brown-Boverie geared
HP 55,000
Coal 540 tons
Oil 690 tons, 1,600 tons
  Krasnyi Kavkaz 1944
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament 18 cm L/57: 4
Anti-Aircraft 3.9" twin mounts, 10 cm L/57 twin mounts: 6
76 mm L/55, 3" L/45: 2
45 mm, 45 mm L/46: 4
37 mm, 37 mm L/67: 10
0.5" machine gun: 6, 8
Torpedoes  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site