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Soviet Union's Navy Flag

Soviet Union's Chervona Ukraina cruiser

Design

The Chervona Ukraina construction started during World War I and was delayed by needing foreign equipment shipped to Russia. Also construction was slowed by inefficient manufacturing practices.

Ships

Chervona Ukraina

  • Original name: Admiral Nakhimov.
  • Manufacturer: Naval Dock Yard at Nikolaiev, Russud Ship Builders
  • October 31, 1913, July 1914: Laid down.
  • November 6, 1915: Launched.
  • January 1920: Towed to Odessa by White Russians.
  • January 1920: Scutted.
  • February 1920: Towed to Nikolaiev by Soviet forces.
  • March 27, 1921, February 27, 1927: Completed.
  • ~1922, April 1923: Named Chervona Ukraina.
  • Early 1930s: Refit. Torpedo tubes removed from quarterdeck and four mounts installed.
  • 1939 - 1941, August 26, 1939 - May 1, 1941: Refit at Sevastopol. Mixed fired boilers replaced by oil fired.
  • June 1941: Helped lay minefield at Sevastopol.
  • August 1941: Odessa. Transported troops from Novorossisk to Odessa. Provided artillery support.
  • November 1 - 10, 1941: Transport and evacuation of troops on Caucasian coast.
  • November 12, 1941: Heavily damaged by bombers of I Stukageschwader 77.
  • November 13, 1941: Sunk to bottom by Stukas at Sevastopol.
  • April 2, 1942: Completely destroyed by bombs.

Specifications

  Chervona Ukraina
Crew 684, 850
Displacement 6,934 tons, 7,480 tons
Displacement - Loaded 8,000 tons, 8,268 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 518' 8", 546' 9"
158.4 m, 166.7 m
Length - Water Line 535' 3"
163.2 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 50' 5", 51' 6"
15.36 m, 15.7 m
Draft / Height 18' 6", 20' 4"
5.65 m, 6.2 m
Performance  
Speed 22 knots, 29 knots
Range at 14 knots 3,700 nautical miles
Armament 5.1", 13 cm L/55: 15
Anti-Aircraft 3.9": 6
2.5": 4
45 mm: 7
13.2 mm machine gun: 4
Mines ~100
Torpedoes 21": 4 mounts 3 tubes each, 12
Aircraft 1
Armor  
Belt - Main 1" - 3", 1.5" - 3"
Casements 1.75"
Control Tower 3"
Deck 0.75" - 1.25", 1"
Gunshields 1.75"
Turrets 3"
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 4, 12
Shafts 2, 4
Turbines Parsons geared
HP 46,300, 55,000
Oil 690 tons, 2,900 tons
Coal 540 tons

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site