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Soviet Union's Navy Flag

Soviet Union's Chervona Ukraina cruiser

Design

The Chervona Ukraina construction started during World War I and was delayed by needing foreign equipment shipped to Russia.1 Also construction was slowed by inefficient manufacturing practices.1

Ships

Chervona Ukraina

  • Original name: Admiral Nakhimov.1,2
  • Manufacturer: Naval Dock Yard at Nikolaiev1, Russud Ship Builders2
  • October 31, 19132, July 1914: Laid down.1,2
  • November 6, 1915: Launched.1,2
  • January 1920: Towed to Odessa by White Russians.1
  • January 1920: Scutted.1
  • February 1920: Towed to Nikolaiev by Soviet forces.1
  • March 27, 1921, February 27, 19272: Completed.1,2
  • ~19222, April 1923: Named Chervona Ukraina.1,2
  • Early 1930s: Refit.1 Torpedo tubes removed from quarterdeck and four mounts installed.1
  • 1939 - 19412, August 26, 1939 - May 1, 1941: Refit at Sevastopol.1,2 Mixed fired boilers replaced by oil fired.1
  • June 1941: Helped lay minefield at Sevastopol.1
  • August 1941: Odessa.1 Transported troops from Novorossisk to Odessa.1 Provided artillery support.1
  • November 1 - 10, 1941: Transport and evacuation of troops on Caucasian coast.1
  • November 12, 1941: Heavily damaged by bombers of I Stukageschwader 77.2
  • November 13, 1941: Sunk to bottom by Stukas at Sevastopol.1,2
  • April 2, 1942: Completely destroyed by bombs.1

Specifications

  Chervona Ukraina
Crew 6842, 8501
Displacement 6,934 tons2, 7,480 tons1
Displacement - Loaded 8,000 tons2, 8,268 tons1
Physical Characteristics  
Length 518' 8"2, 546' 9"1
158.4 m2, 166.7 m1
Length - Water Line 535' 3"1
163.2 m1
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 50' 5"2, 51' 6"1
15.36 m2, 15.7 m1
Draft / Height 18' 6"2, 20' 4"1
5.65 m2, 6.2 m1
Performance  
Speed 22 knots2, 29 knots1
Range at 14 knots 3,700 nautical miles1
Armament 5.1"1, 13 cm L/552: 151,2
Anti-Aircraft 3.9"1: 61
2.5"2: 42
45 mm1: 71
13.2 mm machine gun2: 42
Mines ~1002
Torpedoes 21"1,2: 4 mounts 3 tubes each1, 122
Aircraft 11,2
Armor  
Belt - Main 1" - 3"1, 1.5" - 3"2
Casements 1.75"2
Control Tower 3"1,2
Deck 0.75" - 1.25"1, 1"2
Gunshields 1.75"2
Turrets 3"1
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 41, 122
Shafts 22, 41
Turbines Parsons geared1,2
HP 46,3002, 55,0001
Oil 690 tons2, 2,900 tons1
Coal 540 tons2

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site