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Soviet Union's Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 fighter

Design

Ivanovich "Ayrtom" Mikoyan (Artem Mikoyan1,2,4) and Mikhail Gurevich started their own design bureau after leaving Polikarpov.3,4 In 1939 they designed the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 in 1939 to meet a Soviet Air Force Requirement.3

The MiG-1 was constructed of steel tube and wood.3

Wing

The wing on the MiG-1 was low in the fuselage.4

Landing Gear

The landing gear were retractable.4

Prototype

The I-61 prototype flew in the spring of 1940 / March 19404.2

The MiG-1 prototype, the I-200, was first flown on April 5, 1940.1,3 It took only 100 days from when the drawings were completed until it was built.1

The prototypes showed poor characteristics but the MiG-1 was ordered for production.3

Production

  • Total: ~1003, Estimated 2,1002, 2,1004
    • Manufacturer: State Industries4

Variants

  • I-61: Prototype.2 Had Mikulin AM-35 inline engine (1,200 HP).2
  • I-200: Prototype.1
  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1: Production model.3

Usage

The MiG-1 entered service in April 1941, the same month as the improved MiG-3.3

Specifications

  Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-11,3,4
Type Fighter3,4
Crew 13,4
Engine (Type) Mikulin AM.354, Mikulin AM-34A3
Cylinders Inverted V 123, V 124
Cooling Liquid4
HP 1,2004, 1,3503
Propeller blades 33, 3 metal variable pitch4
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 33' 9"4
Length 26' 9"4
Height 8' 6"4
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 5,736 lb3
2,602 kg3
Loaded 6,834 lb3,4
3,100 kg3
Performance  
Speed at sea level 302 mph3
486 kph3
Speed @ 22,960' 390 mph4
Speed @ 23,620' /
7,200 m
390 mph3
627 kph3
Cruising speed  
Climb to 16,405' /
5,000 m
5.9 minutes3
Service ceiling 39,370'4
Range 360 miles4, 454 miles3
730 km3
Armament 1: 12.7 mm MG4
2: 7.62 mm MG4
Nose 1: 12.7 mm MG3
2: 7.62 mm MG3
Bomb 440 lb4

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site