World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Soviet Union's FlagSoviet Union's aircraft marking

Soviet Union's Lavochkin La-7 fighter

Photos

Lavochkin La-7 fighter:
Soviet Union's Lavochkin La-7 fighter

Design

The Lavochkin La-7 was an improved La-5.4

Wing

The wing was made of metal.4 The leading edges of the wings were aerodynamically improved.4

Engine

The La-7 had a Shvetsov radial engine installed (1,775 HP).5 The cowling over the engine was smooth.5 The La-7 had the oil radiator moved to the bottom of the fuselage.5

A few La-7s had a rocket installed in the rear to allow for short bursts of speed.5 The increased speed was about 10-15%.5

Prototype

The La-7 prototype first flew in November 1943.4

Production

  • Lavochkin La-7: 5,7534
  • Total: 21,8753 (includes La-5)
    • Manufacturer: State Industries5

Variants

  • Lavochkin La-7:
  • Lavochkin La-7UTI: Trainer.4,5
  • Lavochkin La-9: Designed in 1944.5 Became operational late in World War II.5 Wing redesigned.5

Usage

Started appearing in spring 1944.4

Jet Killer

In February 1945, the only Soviet fighter that shot down a Messerschmitt Me 262 jet was a La-7.4 This was done by Ivan Kozedub.5

Specifications

  Lavochkin La-71,2,3,4,5
Type Fighter4,5
Crew 14,5
Engine (Type) Shvetsov1
Shvetsov M-82FN4,5
M-82FNU or M-82FNV2
ASh-82FN3
Cylinders Radial1, Radial 144,5
Cooling Air5
HP 1,7755, 1,8504, 2,0001
Propeller blades 34
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 32' 2"4,5
9.8 m4
Length 27' 11"5, 28' 2.5"4
8.6 m4
Height 9' 2"5, 9' 3"4
2.82 m4
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 5,842 lb4
2,650 kg4
Loaded 7,496 lb4,5
3,400 kg4
Performance  
Speed 423 mph2,3
680 kph2,3
Speed @ sea level  
Speed @ 19,030' /
5,800 m
423 mph4
680 kph4
Speed @ 21,000' 423 mph5
Climb 3,940'/minute4
1,200 m/minute4
Climb to 16,250'  
Service ceiling 34,450'4,5
10,500 m4
Range 395 miles4,5
635 km4
Armament 3: 20 mm ShVak5
Bombs 330 lb5
Above engine 2 or 3: 20 mm4
3: 20 mm2,3
OR 3: 23 mm2,3
Under wings Rockets or light bombs4
  Lavochkin La-95
Type Fighter5
Crew  
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
HP 1,8705
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ sea level 430 mph5
Climb  
Climb to 16,250' 4' 2"5
Service ceiling  
Range 1,100 miles5
Armament  

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, General Editor Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  5. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site