World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Soviet Union's FlagSoviet Union's aircraft marking

Soviet Union's Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik close support; Bronirovanni Shturmovik (Bsh) "armored attacker"

Photos

  • Ilyushin Il-2C Stormovik close support
  • Ilyushin Il-2C Stormovik close support
  • Ilyushin Il-2 Stormovik close support
  • Ilyushin Il-2 Stormovik close support

Design

Starting in 1938 the Ilyushin Il-2 was designed by Sergei Vladimirovich Ilyushin. It's designation started out as the TsKB-55, Bsh-2, or ZKB-55. The Su-2 was to meet the same specifications but it wasn't as sturdy as the Il-2.

The Il-2 started out as a single seat plane. In February 1942 the two seater version was introduced. Many of the single seaters were converted in the field to two seaters.

Cockpit

The cockpit had bullet proof glass with the windshield being 65 mm thick.

Armored Shell

An integral part of the structure of the Il-2 was the armored shell that protected the crew, engine, and fuel tank. It weighed about 1,540 lb / 700 kg. The armor was 4 - 8 mm thick and at the rear it was 13 mm.

Engine

There was an armored plate underneath the Il-2's engine protecting it from ground fire.

Tail wheel

The tail wheel retracted partially into the fuselage.

Fuselage

The rear of the fuselage and tail were made out of wood and fabric.

Prototype

In spring 1939 / December 30, 1939 / late 1939 V. Kokkinaki flew the TsKB-57 prototype for the first time. It was found that the engine wasn't strong enough and there were longitudinal instabilities.

It had an AM-35A engine (1,350 HP). This was soon replaced by the AM-38 and the prototype first flew on October 1940 / October 12, 1940.

Production

Early on there were production difficulties and Premier Josef Stalin cabled the workers at the factory and told them that "The Red Army needs the Il-2 as it needs air and bread. I demand more. This is my last warning."

  • Ilyushin Il-2:
    • Production: March 1941 - ?
  • Ilyushin Il-2M: ~12,000
    • Production: September 1941 - ?
  • Total: >35,000, >36,000, 36,136, 36,183
    • Manufacturer: State Industries

The production of the Il-2 reached 1,000 per month.

Variants

  • Ilyushin TsKB-57: Prototype.
  • Ilyushin Il-2: First production model.
  • Ilyushin Il-2M: Due to vulnerability to fighters the rear crewman returned with a MG in the rear turret.
  • Ilyushin Il-2 Type 3 / Ilyushin Il-2m3: Had AM-38A engine.
  • Ilyushin Il-2 Type 3M: 37 mm cannons.
  • Ilyushin Il-2m3: Two seater. Appeared in July 1942 / August 1942.
  • Ilyushin Il-2m3(mod):
  • Ilyushin Il-2??: Had M-82 radial engine installed but never produced.
  • Ilyushin Il-2T: Built for the Soviet navy that could carry a 21" / 53.3 cm torpedo.
  • Ilyushin Il-2U: Conversion to two seat trainer.

Usage

Called the Schwarz Tod "Black Death" by the Germans.

There were some women pilots for the Il-2.

Invasion of Soviet Union

There were 249 produced before the Germans invaded in June 1941.

Kursk

The Il-2m3(mod) was used at the Battle of Kursk.

Korean War

Used against the UN troops.

Specifications

  Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik
Type Close support, Ground attack
Crew 1 or 2
Engine (Type) Mikulin AM-38
OR Mikulin AM-38F
Cylinders V 12
HP AM-38: 1,600
AM-38F: 1,720
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 47' 11"
14.6 m
Length 38' 2.5"
11.65 m
Height 11' 2"
3.4 m
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm
2: 7.62 mm MG
Bombs - under wings 4: 220 lb
4: 100 kg
AND  
Rockets - under wings 8: 82 mm
  Ilyushin Il-2C
Type Attack bomber
Engine (Type) 1: M-85
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,300
Dimensions  
Span 40'
Length 35'
Performance  
Speed 330 mph
Armament 6: MG
2: 20 mm
  Ilyushin Il-2M3 Shturmovik
Type Assault, Attack, Close support, Ground attack
Crew 1 or 2, 2
Pilot, gunner / radio operator
Engine (Type) Mikulin AM-38F piston
Cylinders V 12, Inline
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,720, 1,770
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 47' 10.75", 48', 48' 0.5", 48' 1"
14.6 m
Length 38', 38' 0.5", 38' 3"
11.6 m, 11.65 m
Height 11', 11' 1.5", 11' 2"
3.4 m
Wing area 414 sq ft, 414.4 sq ft
38.5 sq m, 38.54 sq m
Weight  
Empty 7,150 lb, 9,590 lb, 9,976 lb
3,250 kg, 4,350 kg, 4,525 kg
Loaded 12,136 lb, 12,920 lb, 14,021 lb
5,872 kg, 6,360 kg
Performance  
Speed 251 mph
Speed at 2,500' / 760 m 251 mph
404 kph
Speed at 4,920' / 1,500 m 251 mph
404 kph
Speed at 22,000' / 6,700 m 267 mph
430 kph
Climb 490'/minute
149 m/minute
Climb to 16,405' / 5,000 m 12 minutes
Service ceiling 19,500', 19,685', 19,690', 31,825'
5,945 m, 6,000 m, 9,700 m
Service ceiling with bomb load 21,320'
6,500 m
Range 373 miles, 375 miles, 475 miles
600 km, 764 km
Armament 3: MG
2: 23 mm
Forward firing 2: 23 mm VYa
2: 7.62 mm ShKAS
Rear cockpit 1: 0.5" / 12.7 mm MG
1: 12.7 mm UBT
Bombs 1,320 lb
Wings 2: 20 mm
2: 0.3" / 7.62 mm MG
AND / OR 2: 1.46" / 37 mm
Outer wings - bombs 1,320 lb , 1,321 lb
600 kg
OR 8: RS-82 rockets
OR 4: RS-132 rockets
OR Rockets
Bombs - under wings 4: 220 lb
4: 100 kg
AND  
Rockets - under wings 8: 82 mm
8: RS-82
OR 8: RS-132

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  5. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, General Editor Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site