World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Soviet Union's FlagSoviet Union's aircraft marking

Soviet Union's Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik close support; Bronirovanni Shturmovik (Bsh) "armored attacker"

Photos

Ilyushin Il-2C Stormovik attack bomber:
Soviet Union's Ilyushin Il-2C Stormovik attack bomber
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Ilyushin Il-2C Stormovik attack bomber:
Soviet Union's Ilyushin Il-2C Stormovik attack bomber
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik close support:
Soviet Union's Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik close support
Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik close support:
Soviet Union's Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik close support

Design

Starting in 1938 the Ilyushin Il-2 was designed by Sergei Vladimirovich Ilyushin.2,4 It's designation started out as the TsKB-55, Bsh-2, or ZKB-554.3 The Su-2 was to meet the same specifications but it wasn't as sturdy as the Il-2.4

The Il-2 started out as a single seat plane.1 In February 1942 the two seater version was introduced.1 Many of the single seaters were converted in the field to two seaters.1

Cockpit

The cockpit had bullet proof glass with the windshield being 65 mm thick.4

Armored Shell

An integral part of the structure of the Il-2 was the armored shell that protected the crew, engine, and fuel tank.3,4 It weighed about 1,540 lb / 700 kg.3 The armor was 4 - 8 mm thick and at the rear it was 13 mm.4

Engine

There was an armored plate underneath the Il-2's engine protecting it from ground fire.1,2

Tail wheel

The tail wheel retracted partially into the fuselage.1

Fuselage

The rear of the fuselage and tail were made out of wood and fabric.1

Prototype

In spring 19394 / December 30, 19393 / late 1939 V. Kokkinaki flew the TsKB-57 prototype for the first time.2 It was found that the engine wasn't strong enough and there were longitudinal instabilities.4

It had an AM-35A engine (1,350 HP).3 This was soon replaced by the AM-38 and the prototype first flew on October 19404 / October 12, 1940.3

Production

Early on there were production difficulties and Premier Josef Stalin cabled the workers at the factory and told them that "The Red Army needs the Il-2 as it needs air and bread. I demand more. This is my last warning."1,2,4

  • Ilyushin Il-2:
    • Production: March 1941 - ?3
  • Ilyushin Il-2M:
    • Production: September 1941 - ?3
  • Total: >35,0004, >36,0001, 36,1363
    • Manufacturer: State Industries4

The production of the Il-2 reached 1,000 per month.1

Variants

  • Ilyushin TsKB-57: Prototype.2,3
  • Ilyushin Il-2: First production model.3
  • Ilyushin Il-2M: Due to vulnerability to fighters the rear crewman returned with a MG in the rear turret.3
  • Ilyushin Il-2 Type 3 / Ilyushin Il-2m3: Had AM-38A engine.3
  • Ilyushin Il-2 Type 3M: 37 mm cannons.3
  • Ilyushin Il-2m3: Two seater.2,4 Appeared in July 1942 4 / August 1942.2
  • Ilyushin Il-2m3(mod):
  • Ilyushin Il-2??: Had M-82 radial engine installed but never produced.1
  • Ilyushin Il-2T: Built for the Soviet navy that could carry a 21" / 53.3 cm torpedo.1,2,3
  • Ilyushin Il-2U: Conversion to two seat trainer.1

Usage

Called the Schwarz Tod "Black Death" by the Germans.1,2

There were some women pilots for the Il-2.1

Invasion of Soviet Union

There were 249 produced before the Germans invaded in June 1941.2

Kursk

The Il-2m3(mod) was used at the Battle of Kursk.2

Korean War

Used against the UN troops.1

Specifications

  Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik
Type Close support3, Ground attack3
Crew 1 or 23
Engine (Type) Mikulin AM-383
OR Mikulin AM-38F3
Cylinders V 123
Cooling  
HP AM-38: 1,6003
AM-38F: 1,7203
Propeller blades 33
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 47' 11"3
14.6 m3
Length 38' 2.5"3
11.65 m3
Height 11' 2"3
3.4 m3
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
Forward firing  
Rear cockpit  
Bombs  
Wings 2: 20 mm3
2: 7.62 mm MG3
Bombs - under wings 4: 220 lb3
4: 100 kg3
AND  
Rockets - under wings 8: 82 mm3
  Ilyushin Il-2C
Type Attack bomber5
Crew  
Engine (Type) 1: M-855
Cylinders  
Cooling Liquid5
HP 1,3005
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 40'5
Length 35'5
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed 330 mph5
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament 6: MG5
2: 20 mm5
  Ilyushin Il-2M3 Shturmovik
Type Attack4, Close support1, Ground attack2
Crew 1 or 21, 22,4
Pilot, gunner / radio operator1
Engine (Type) Mikulin AM-38F piston1,2,4
Cylinders V 124, Inline2
Cooling Liquid4
HP 1,7201, 1,7702,4
Propeller blades 31
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 48'1, 48' 0.5"2, 48' 1"4
14.6 m1,2
Length 38'1, 38' 0.5"2, 38' 3"4
11.6 m2, 11.65 m1
Height 11'1, 11' 1.5"2, 11' 2"4
3.4 m1,2
Wing area 414 ft2 1, 414.4 ft2 2
38.5 m2 1,2
Weight  
Empty 7,150 lb1, 9,590 lb2, 9,976 lb3
3,250 kg1, 4,350 kg2, 4,525 kg3
Loaded 12,136 lb4, 12,920 lb1, 14,021 lb2,3
5,872 kg1, 6,360 kg2,3
Performance  
Speed 251 mph4
Speed @ 4,920' /
1,500 m
251 mph2,3
404 kph2,3
Speed @ 22,000' /
6,700 m
267 mph1
430 kph1
Cruising speed  
Climb 490'/minute3
149 m/minute3
Climb to 16,405' /
5,000 m
12 minutes3
Service ceiling 19,685'2, 19,690'3,4, 31,825'1
6,000 m2,3, 9,700 m1
Service ceiling with bomb load 21,320'1
6,500 m1
Range 373 miles2, 375 miles1,4, 475 miles3
600 km1,2, 764 km3
Armament 3: MG4
2: 23 mm4
Forward firing 2: 23 mm VYa2
2: 7.62 mm ShKAS2
Rear cockpit 1: 12.7 mm MG3
1: 12.7 mm UBT2
Bombs 1,320 lb4
Wings 2: 20 mm1,3
2: 7.62 mm MG3
AND / OR 2: 37 mm1,3
Outer wings - bombs 1,320 lb1 , 1,321 lb2
600 kg1,2
OR 8: RS-82 rockets1
OR 4: RS-132 rockets1
OR Rockets2
Bombs - under wings 4: 220 lb3
4: 100 kg3
AND  
Rockets - under wings 8: 82 mm3

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  5. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site