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Soviet Union's Ilyushin Il-10 Shturmovik close support, ground attack


The Ilyushin Il-10 Shturmovik was designed to replace the Il-2. Sergei Vladimirovich Ilyushin designed the Il-10.

There were two designs that came out of the Ilyushin Design Bureau. The Il-8 resembled the Il-2 with a Mikulin AM-42 engine. It also had new wings, horizontal tail surfaces, and undercarriage.

The Il-10 was smaller and more streamlined. It also used the more powerful Mikulin AM-42 engine. The cockpit was improved for the crew as armor was added. The undercarriage was also modified. It was more maneuverable and had better performance.


The Il-8 and Il-10 prototypes each flew in April 1944.


Production began in October 1944. The last Il-10 was delivered in 1955.

  • Ilyushin Il-10: 4,966
    • Soviet Union
  • B-33, CB-33: ~2,000
    • by Avia in Czechoslovakia


  • Ilyushin Il-10: Main version.
  • Ilyushin Il-10M: Postwar version that had new wing. The fuselage was longer. It could also carry more fuel.
  • Ilyushin Il-10U: Trainer.
  • B-33: Avia produced Il-10.
  • CB-33: Avia produced Il-10U.


The Il-10 was first used operationally in February 1945. By May 1945 the Il-10 had replaced the Il-2s in many regiments.

The Il-10 was used against the Japanese in Manchuria and Korea in August 1945.

Post World War II

The Il-10 was supplied to Albania, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, North Korea, and Romania.

North Korea used them in the Korean War.


  Ilyushin Il-10 Shturmovik
Type Attack, Ground attack
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Mikulin AM.42
Mikulin AM-42
Cylinders V 12
HP 2,000
Propeller blades 3
Fuel capacity  
Span 43' 11.5", 45' 7"
13.4 m
Length 36' 9", 40'
11.2 m
Height 11' 6"
3.5 m
Wing area  
Empty 9,920 lb
4,500 kg
Loaded 13,968 lb, 14,409 lb
6,536 kg
Speed at sea level 311 mph
500 kph
Speed @ 7,875' /
2,400 m
329 mph
529 kph
Speed @ 9,180' 311 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
5 minutes
Service ceiling 23,795'
7,250 m
Range 497 miles
800 km
Wings 2: 7.62 mm MG
2 or 4: 20 mm
OR 2 or 4: 23 mm
Rear cockpit 1: 12.7 mm MG
1: 20 mm
Wing - racks - bombs 2,205 lb
1,000 kg
Wing - racks - rockets 8: 82 mm
OR 8: 132 mm


  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site