September 12, 1941, began the organization of the Serbian military by Brigadier M. F. Skodumov. It was called the Otdel'niy Russkiy Korpus (Independent Russian Corps). Many white Russians had ended up in Serbia after the Russian Revolution. The Germans arrested Skodumov 3 days later for acting without orders.
Major General Boris A. Shteyfon too command and on October 2, 1941, it was named Russkiy Okhranniy Korpus (Russian Guard Corps). Three regiments were activated in November 1941, the forth in April 1942, and the fifth in December 1943.
The Korpus was integrated into the German Army on November 30, 1942, and was called the Russisches Schutzkorps. The name was changed to Russisches Schutzkorps Serbien (Russian Guard Corps Serbia) in October 1944.
A. I. Rogozhin took command on April 30, 1945 when Shteyfon died.
The Korpus was equipped with German and Czechoslovakian equipment.