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Romania's Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80 fighter

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Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80 fighter:

Design

The Industria Aeronautica Romania (IAR) designed the IAR 80 to be a replacement for the Polish PZL P.24E that had been licensed built.1,2

The design of the rear of the fuselage, the tail assembly, and the motor housing was based on the PZL P.24.2

Tail

Both the IAR 80 and IAR 81 had tail skids instead of a tail wheel.1

Prototype

The IAR 80 prototype first flew in late 19382 / April 1939.1,2 It had an IAR K 14-II engine (900 HP) which were based on the Gnome-Rhône 14 engine.1

Production

Production started in the spring of 1940 and ended in late 1943.1

  • IAR 80: 511
  • IAR 80A: 901
  • IAR 80B: 301
  • IAR 80C: 501
  • Total IAR 80: 1202
  • IAR 81: 501
  • IAR 81A: 291
  • IAR 81C: 1611
  • Total IAR 80 and IAR 81: 4611
  • Manufacturer: Industria Aeronautica Romana2

Variants

  • IAR 80: Had enclosed cockpit.1 A cantilever tailplane.1 Entered service in January 1941.1
  • IAR 80B: The 21st and subsequent IAR 80Bs had a slightly wider wing span.1
  • IAR 80C: Postwar two seat trainer.1
  • IAR 81: Entered service in October 1941.1
  • IAR 81A: Changes in gun armament.1
  • IAR 81C: Changes in gun armament.1

Usage

The IAR 80s and IAR 81s were primarily used on the Eastern Front until they were withdrawn to defend Bucharest and the Ploesti oilfields.1 At the start of 1942 units started to receive the IAR 80s.2

Post World War II

The IARs were in service until 1949.1 Some of these were converted in to IAR 80C trainers and were used until 1952.1

Specifications

  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 801, I.A.R. 802
Type Fighter2, Fighter bomber1
Crew 11,2
Engine (Type) I.A.R. - Gnome-Rhône 14 K2
Cylinders Radial 142
Cooling Air2
HP 9402
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 32' 10"2, 34' 6"1
10.51 m1
Length 26' 9"2, 29' 5"1
8.97 m1
Height 11' 10"1,2
3.6 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 5,480 lb2
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 13,000' 317 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 34,500'2
Range 590 miles2
Range with drop tanks  
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm2
4: MG2
Bombs 220 lb2
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80A1
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) IAR K 14-1000 (Gnome-Rhône)1
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
HP 1,0251
Propeller blades 31
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,930 lb1
1,783 kg1
Loaded 5,489 lb1
2,490 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Range with drop tanks  
Armament  
Wings 6: 7.92 mm MG1
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80B1
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) IAR K 14-1000 (Gnome-Rhône)1
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
HP 1,0251
Propeller blades 31
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Range with drop tanks  
Armament  
Wings 4: 7.92 mm MG1
2: 13.2 mm MG1
Bombs  
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80C1
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
HP  
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 14,765' /
4,500 m
314 mph1
505 kph1
Speed @ 22,965' /
7,000 m
342 mph1
550 kph1
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Climb to 16,405' /
5,000 m
6.6 minutes1
Service ceiling 34,450'1
10,500 m1
Range 454 miles1
730 km1
Armament  
Wings 4: 7.92 mm MG1
2: 20 mm1
Bombs  
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 811
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) IAR K 14-1000 (Gnome-Rhône)1
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
HP 1,0251
Propeller blades 31
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 4,685 lb1
2,125 kg1
Loaded 6,768 lb1
3,070 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 14,765' /
4,500 m
311 mph1
500 kph1
Speed @ 22,965' /
7,000 m
337 mph1
542 kph1
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Climb to 16,405' /
5,000 m
6.5 minutes1
Service ceiling  
Range  
Range with drop tanks 640 miles1
1,030 km1
Armament  
Bombs 4: 110 lb1
4: 50 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site