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Romania's Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80 fighter

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Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80 fighter:

Design

The Industria Aeronautica Romania (IAR) designed the IAR 80 to be a replacement for the Polish PZL P.24E that had been licensed built.

The design of the rear of the fuselage, the tail assembly, and the motor housing was based on the PZL P.24.

Tail

Both the IAR 80 and IAR 81 had tail skids instead of a tail wheel.

Prototype

The IAR 80 prototype first flew in late 1938 / April 1939. It had an IAR K 14-II engine (900 HP) which were based on the Gnome-Rhône 14 engine.

Production

Production started in the spring of 1940 and ended in late 1943.

  • IAR 80: 51
  • IAR 80A: 90
  • IAR 80B: 30
  • IAR 80C: 50
  • Total IAR 80: 120
  • IAR 81: 50
  • IAR 81A: 29
  • IAR 81C: 161
  • Total IAR 80 and IAR 81: 461
  • Manufacturer: Industria Aeronautica Romana

Variants

  • IAR 80: Had enclosed cockpit. A cantilever tailplane. Entered service in January 1941.
  • IAR 80B: The 21st and subsequent IAR 80Bs had a slightly wider wing span.
  • IAR 80C: Postwar two seat trainer.
  • IAR 81: Entered service in October 1941.
  • IAR 81A: Changes in gun armament.
  • IAR 81C: Changes in gun armament.

Usage

The IAR 80s and IAR 81s were primarily used on the Eastern Front until they were withdrawn to defend Bucharest and the Ploesti oilfields. At the start of 1942 units started to receive the IAR 80s.

Post World War II

The IARs were in service until 1949. Some of these were converted in to IAR 80C trainers and were used until 1952.

Specifications

  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80, I.A.R. 80
Type Fighter, Fighter bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) I.A.R. - Gnome-Rhône 14 K
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
HP 940
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 32' 10", 34' 6"
10.51 m
Length 26' 9", 29' 5"
8.97 m
Height 11' 10"
3.6 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 5,480 lb
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 13,000' 317 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 34,500'
Range 590 miles
Range with drop tanks  
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm
4: MG
Bombs 220 lb
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80A
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) IAR K 14-1000 (Gnome-Rhône)
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling  
HP 1,025
Propeller blades 3
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,930 lb
1,783 kg
Loaded 5,489 lb
2,490 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Range with drop tanks  
Armament  
Wings 6: 7.92 mm MG
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80B
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) IAR K 14-1000 (Gnome-Rhône)
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling  
HP 1,025
Propeller blades 3
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Range with drop tanks  
Armament  
Wings 4: 7.92 mm MG
2: 13.2 mm MG
Bombs  
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 80C
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
HP  
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 14,765' /
4,500 m
314 mph
505 kph
Speed @ 22,965' /
7,000 m
342 mph
550 kph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Climb to 16,405' /
5,000 m
6.6 minutes
Service ceiling 34,450'
10,500 m
Range 454 miles
730 km
Armament  
Wings 4: 7.92 mm MG
2: 20 mm
Bombs  
  Industria Aeronautica Romania IAR 81
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) IAR K 14-1000 (Gnome-Rhône)
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling  
HP 1,025
Propeller blades 3
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 4,685 lb
2,125 kg
Loaded 6,768 lb
3,070 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 14,765' /
4,500 m
311 mph
500 kph
Speed @ 22,965' /
7,000 m
337 mph
542 kph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Climb to 16,405' /
5,000 m
6.5 minutes
Service ceiling  
Range  
Range with drop tanks 640 miles
1,030 km
Armament  
Bombs 4: 110 lb
4: 50 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site