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Poland's PZL P-24, PZL P.24 fighter

Design

Zygmunt Pulawski was the chief designer but died in an accident on March 31, 1931.1 The PZL P-24 was designed in 1933.2

The P-24 was based on the P-11.1

Wing

The wing was similar to a gulls to help the pilot see.1,2

Fuselage

The airframe was all metal with a metal skin.1

Landing Gear

The landing gar was fixed.1,2

Cockpit

The cockpit of the PZL P-24 was completely enclosed.2

Prototype

The P-24 prototype first flew in May 1933.1,2

Captain Boleslaw Orlinski flew the second prototype to an international speed record for its type on June 26, 1934.1,2 In 1934 the PZL P-24 was declared the world's fastest and best armed interceptor at the Salon Internationale de l'Aéronautique de Paris (Paris Air Show).1

Production

  • Prototypes: 91
  • PZL P-24: ~3001
  • PZL P-24G:
  • Manufacturer: Pantswowe Zaklady Lotnicze (PZL)1,2

Variants

  • PZL P-24:
  • PZL P-24G:

Usage

The users of the P-24 were:

  • Bulgaria1: 242
  • Estonia1
  • Finland1
  • Greece1: 302
  • Hungary1
  • Romania1
  • Turkey1: 402
  • Yugoslavia1

Specifications

  PZL P.242
Type Fighter2
Crew 12
Engine (Type) Gnome-Rhône 14 N72
Cylinders Radial 142
Cooling Air2
Net HP 9702
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 35' 2"2
Length 24' 7"2
Height 8' 10"2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 4,232 lb2
Performance  
Speed @ 13,940' 267 mph2
Climb  
Service ceiling 34,450'2
Range 497 miles2
Armament 2: 20 mm2
2: MG2
Bombs 220 lb2
  PZL P-24G1
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) Gnome-Rhône 14 N71
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling Air1
Net HP 9301
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 35' 2.5"1
10.75 m1
Length 24' 7.5"1
7.52 m1
Height 8' 10"1
2.7 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 4,167 lb1
1,890 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 14,763' /
4,490 m
254 mph1
408 kph1
Climb  
Service ceiling 29,527'1
9,000 m1
Range 497 miles1
800 km1
Armament 2: 20 mm1
2: MG1
Bombs 220 lb1
100 kg1

Sources:

  1. Complete Book of World War II Combat Aircraft, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, Pierluigi Pinto, 1988
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site