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Norway's Flag

Norway's History

Population

In 1939 the population of Norway was 2,907,000.1

3,000,0002

Invasion

To try and stop the trade of iron ore between Norway and Germany the British Navy started to lay mines on April 8, 1940.1

On April 9, 1940, the German military began the invasion of Norway code named Operation Weser.1 Kriegsmarine took troops in to Norway's major harbors and the Luftwaffe dropped and landed paratroopers on key installations.1 Even with the assistance of the British and French forces, Norway fell to the Germans.1

The Norwegian royal family and gold supply made it to Britain where the Norwegian government in exile was formed.1

Occupation

Vidkun Quisling, the head of the National Unity Party and former minister of war, became the leader of Norwegian occupation.1 Quisling was made the leader to mold Norway into a fascist country.1 On February 2, 1942, he was made prime minister.1

During Quisling's rule thousands were sent to concentration camps and hostages were shot in retaliation for acts of resistance.1

Resistance

During the occupation the teachers and clergy resigned.1

Commando raids were conducted in Norway which often resulted in reprisals against the population.1

There were many who made it to the Allies and fought against the Germans.1

Victory

In May 1945, between 10,000 and 15,000 Norwegians, who had gone to Sweden to be trained as policeman, returned to maintain order after the German surrender.1

Quisling and approximately 50 high level collaborators were executed.1 Around 46,000 Norwegians were also tried but most did not receive severe punishment.1

 

Sources:

  1. World War II The Encyclopedia of the War Years 1941 - 1945, Norman Polmar, Thomas B. Allen, 1996
  2. World War II in Numbers, Peter Doyle, 2013
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site