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Netherland's flag

Netherlands' Java class cruiser

Design

When the Java class ships were designed they were comparable to other countries designs. But the construction was delayed and by the time they were completed in the mid 1920s they were obsolete.

The Java class ships were to be used in the Dutch East Indies.

Aircraft

The Java class carried Fairey IIID seaplanes when first completed.

Armament

  Elevation Range
5.9" L/50 Bofors Mk 6, 5.9 L/50 Mk 6 25° - 30°, 29° 23,200 yards

 

Ships

HNMLS Celebes

  • Manufacturer: Fjenoord at Rotterdam
  • June 14, 1917: Ordered.
  • 1917: Laid down.
  • 1919: Cancelled.

HNMLS Java

  • Manufacturer: De Schelde, K. M. de Schelde at Flushing
  • 1916: Ordered.
  • 1916, May 1916, May 31, 1916: Laid down.
  • August 6, 1921, August 9, 1921: Launched.
  • 1924, May 1, 1925: Completed.
  • July - August 1925: Cruised to Sweden and Norway.
  • October - November 28, 1925: Sailed to Sabang, Dutch East Indies.
  • November 8, 1928 - January 23, 1929: Cruised to Philippines, China, and Japan.
  • September 2 - December 2, 1930: Cruised to Australia and New Zealand.
  • 1934 - 1935: Refit. 3" guns replaced by 40 mm Bofors Mk III. 0.5" machine guns added.
  • March 6, 1937: Sailed for the Netherlands.
  • April 27 - May 4, 1937: Spanish Civil War convoy duty in Straits of Gibraltar.
  • May 7, 1937: Arrived at Nieuwediep.
  • May 17 - 22, 1937: Spithead Fleet Review.
  • 1937 - January 3, 1938: Refit.
  • January - February 19, 1938: Patrol duty off Spanish coast.
  • May 4, 1938: Sailed to Dutch East Indies.
  • February 13 - 14, 1942: Admiral Doorman Allied Striking Force. Aborted attack on Japanese forces in Banks Strait.
  • February 18, 1942: Damaged Japanese transport off Bali.
  • February 27, 1942: Sunk. Battle of Java Sea. Intercepted Japanese Java landing force. Hit by torpedoes from IJN Nachi and IJN Haguro. Lost west-southwest of Balwean Island.

HNMLS Sumatra

  • Manufacturer: Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Maatschappij at Ampsterdam, NSM Amsterdam
  • 1916: Ordered.
  • 1916, July 1916, July 15, 1916: Laid down.
  • December 29, 1920: Launched.
  • November 1925, May 26, 1926: Completed.
  • 1934 - 1935: Refit. 3" guns replaced by 40 mm Bofors Mk III. 0.5" machine guns added.
  • June 1938: Refit.
  • 1939: Training cruises to Mediterranean and Scottish waters.
  • May 11, 1940: Sailed from Vlissingen to Britain.
  • June 2 - 11, 1940: Took members of Royal family to Canada.
  • June 22, 1940: Arrived at Curacao, Dutch West Indies.
  • August 7, 1940: Sailed to South Africa.
  • October 1940: Dutch East Indies.
  • October 1940 - January 27, 1942: Refit.
  • February 3, 1942: Sailed from Soerabay without full crew.
  • February 15 - April 16, 1942: Refit and repairs at Trincomalee.
  • April 16 - July 26, 1942: Refit at Colombo.
  • August 1 - October 30, 1942: Sailed to Portsmouth.
  • November 1942 - May 1944: Stayed in Portsmouth without full crew.
  • June 9, 1944: Sunk as part of Normandy breakwater off Ouisterham.

Specifications

  Java class
Crew 504, 525
Displacement 6,670 tons
Displacement - Loaded 8,208 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 473' 4", 509' 6"
155.3 m
Length - Water Line 466' 4"
153 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 48' 9", 52' 6"
16 m
Draft / Height 18', 18' 6"
6.1 m
Performance  
Speed 30 knots, 31 knots
Range at 12 knots 3,600 nautical miles, 4,800 nautical miles
Range at 15 knots 3,600 nautical miles
Armament 5.9" L/50 Bofors Mk 6: 10
Anti-Aircraft 40 mm Bofors Mk III: 6
13 pdr L/55 SA Mk IV: 4
0.5" machine guns: 4
Machine guns: 4
Mines 12
Aircraft 2
Armor  
Belt - Machinery 7.5 cm
Belt - Main 3"
5 cm
Control Tower 5"
12.5 cm
Deck 2.5 cm - 5 cm
Gun Shields 4"
Magazines 7.5 cm
Engines  
Boilers Schulz-Thornycroft: 8
Shafts 3
Turbines Germania geared, Krupp-Germania
HP 65,000, 72,000
Oil 1,200 tons
  HNMLS Java
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 40 mm: 6
Torpedo Tubes  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  HNMLS Sumatra
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Torpedo Tubes  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines Zoelly geared
HP  
Oil  

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site