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Netherland's flag

Netherlands' Eendracht class cruiser

Design

The Eendracht class of cruisers were to replace the Java class ships.1 The funds for the replacement became available in 1937 and ordered placed in 1938.1,2

Aircraft

There was a catapult for the launching of the two aircraft that were to be carried.1

Armament

As triple turrets were a first for the Royal Netherlands Navy, Bofors of Sweden was contracted with their construction.1

  Elevation
5.9" Bofors1 60°1

 

Ships

HNMLS Eendracht

  • Original name: Kijkduin1,2,3
  • Manufacturer: Rotterdamse2, Wilton-Fjenoord1,
  • May 19, 1939: Laid down.1,3
  • August 22, 1950: Launched.1,2
  • December 17, 1953: Completed.1

HNMLS De Zeven Provincien

  • Manufacturer: Rotterdam Dry Dock Company1, Wilton-Fjenoord2, Wilton-Fjenoord at Rotterdam3
  • September 5, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • December 24, 1944: Launched.1,2,3
  • November 18, 1953: Completed.1

Usage

German Invasion

The German invasion in May 1940 caught both ships still under construction.1,2 Germany had intended to complete the cruisers.1 The De Zeven Provincien was used as a block ship when the Germans retreated.1

After World War II

After taking repossession of the ships the Dutch government did eventually finish them in the 1950s.1,2

Specifications

  Eendracht class1 / Provincien class2
Crew 7001,2, 9003
Displacement 8,350 tons1,2,3
Displacement - Loaded 10,800 tons1,2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 609' 10"3, 613' 6"1,2
187 m1,2
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars 598'3, 598' 5"1,2
182.4 m1,2
Beam 56' 7"1,2, 56' 9"3
17.25 m1,2
Draft / Height 18' 6"1,2
5.6 m1,2
Performance  
Speed 32 knots1,2, 33 knots3
Range  
Armament
5.9"3: 83
5.9" Bofors triple turrets1, 15 cm L/50 triple turrets2: 21,2
5.9" Bofors twin turrets1, 15 cm L/50 triple turrets2: 21,2
Anti-Aircraft 40 mm3, 40 mm twin mounts2, 40 mm Bofors twin mounts1: 71,2, 143
0.5" machine guns1, 12.7 mm twin mounts2: 42, 81
Machine guns3: 83
Torpedoes 21"1,3, 53.3 cm2: 2 mounts 3 tubes each1,2, 63
Aircraft 21
Armor  
Belt - Main 3" - 4"3
7.5 cm - 10 cm1,2
Deck 1.9 cm - 2.5 cm1, 2 cm - 2.5 cm2
Turrets 5 cm - 10 cm2
Engines  
Boilers 63, Yarrow: 61,2
Shafts 21, 32
Turbines Parsons geared1,2,3
HP 78,0001,2,3
Oil 1,750 tons1,2

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site