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Netherland's flag

Netherlands' Eendracht class cruiser

Design

The Eendracht class of cruisers were to replace the Java class ships. The funds for the replacement became available in 1937 and ordered placed in 1938.

Aircraft

There was a catapult for the launching of the two aircraft that were to be carried.

Armament

As triple turrets were a first for the Royal Netherlands Navy, Bofors of Sweden was contracted with their construction.

  Elevation
5.9" Bofors 60°

 

Ships

HNMLS Eendracht

  • Original name: Kijkduin
  • Manufacturer: Rotterdamse, Wilton-Fjenoord,
  • May 19, 1939: Laid down.
  • August 22, 1950: Launched.
  • December 17, 1953: Completed.

HNMLS De Zeven Provincien

  • Manufacturer: Rotterdam Dry Dock Company, Wilton-Fjenoord, Wilton-Fjenoord at Rotterdam
  • September 5, 1939: Laid down.
  • December 24, 1944: Launched.
  • November 18, 1953: Completed.

Usage

German Invasion

The German invasion in May 1940 caught both ships still under construction. Germany had intended to complete the cruisers. The De Zeven Provincien was used as a block ship when the Germans retreated.

After World War II

After taking repossession of the ships the Dutch government did eventually finish them in the 1950s.

Specifications

  Eendracht class / Provincien class
Crew 700, 900
Displacement 8,350 tons
Displacement - Loaded 10,800 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 609' 10", 613' 6"
187 m
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars 598', 598' 5"
182.4 m
Beam 56' 7", 56' 9"
17.25 m
Draft / Height 18' 6"
5.6 m
Performance  
Speed 32 knots, 33 knots
Range  
Armament
5.9": 8
5.9" Bofors triple turrets, 15 cm L/50 triple turrets: 2
5.9" Bofors twin turrets, 15 cm L/50 triple turrets: 2
Anti-Aircraft 40 mm, 40 mm twin mounts, 40 mm Bofors twin mounts: 7, 14
0.5" machine guns, 12.7 mm twin mounts: 4, 8
Machine guns: 8
Torpedoes 21", 53.3 cm: 2 mounts 3 tubes each, 6
Aircraft 2
Armor  
Belt - Main 3" - 4"
7.5 cm - 10 cm
Deck 1.9 cm - 2.5 cm, 2 cm - 2.5 cm
Turrets 5 cm - 10 cm
Engines  
Boilers 6, Yarrow: 6
Shafts 2, 3
Turbines Parsons geared
HP 78,000
Oil 1,750 tons

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site