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Netherland's flag

Netherlands' De Ruyter cruiser

Photos

HNMLS De Ruyter in 1936:
De Ruyter in 1936
Royal Netherlands Navy

Design

As the last of the Java class cruisers wasn't built as it was woefully out of date and since there was still a need it was decided in 1930 to proceed with a new ship.1,2 It had to be a smaller ship due to the financial constraints of the time.1

The hull was divided into 21 watertight compartments.1

Electrical welding and light alloys were used to make the De Ruyter lighter.1,2

The dock yard didn't have the proper facilities for construction of the De Ruyter so she was built in a dry dock.1

Aircraft

There was a single 18 m Heinkel catapult for the Fokker C.XIW floatplanes.1,2

Armament

  Elevation Muzzle Velocity Shell Weight
5.9"1, 15 cm2 60°1 2,950'/sec2 101.5 lb2

 

Ships

HNMLS De Ruyter

  • Manufacturer: Wilton-Fijenoord1,2
  • September 16, 1933: Laid down.1
  • May 11, 1935: Launched.1,2,3
  • May 1936: Funnel cap replaced.1
  • October 3, 1936: Completed.1
  • January 12 - March 5, 1937: Sailed to Sabang, Dutch East Indies.1
  • May 1937: Member of East Indies squadron.1
  • October 25, 1937: Flagship of East Indies squadron.1
  • January - February 1940: Repairs at Soerabaya.1
  • May 1940: Searched for German merchant ships.1
  • December 1941: Patroled to prevent Japanese forces from entering Indian Ocean.1 Covered convoys to Singapore.1
  • February 3, 1942: Flagship of Admiral Doorman's Allied Striking Force (ABDA squadron).1,2
  • February 26, 1942: Sailed to attempt to attack Japanese transports off Balwean Island.1
  • February 27, 19423, February 27 - 28, 1942, February 28, 19422: Sunk.1,2,3 Battle of Java Sea.1,3 Sunk by torpedoes from IJN Haguro.1,2,3

Specifications

  De Ruyter
Crew 4351,2,3
Displacement 6,442 tons1,2, 6,450 tons3
Displacement - Loaded 7,548 tons1,2,3
Physical Characteristics  
Length 560' 4"2,3, 560' 7"1
170.8 m2, 170.92 m1
Length - Water Line 551' 2"1, 552' 2"2
168.04 m1, 168.3 m2
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 51' 6"1,2,3
15.7 m1,2
Draft / Height 16' 9"1,2,3
5.1 m2, 5.11 m1
Performance  
Speed 32 knots1,2,3
Range at 12 knots 6,800 nautical miles1,2
Armament 5.9" twin turrets1, 15 cm L/50 twin turrets2: 31,2
5.9" single turret1, 15 cm L/50 single turret2: 11,2
5.9" L/503: 73
Anti-Aircraft 40 mm3, 40 mm twin mounts1,2: 51,2, 103
0.5" machine guns1,3, 12.7 mm twin mounts2: 42, 81,3
Aircraft 21
Armor  
Barbettes 1.25"3
3 cm1,2
Belt - Machinery 3 cm1
Belt - Main 1.25" - 2"3
3 cm - 5 cm2, 5 cm1
Bulkheads 1.25"3
3 cm2
Control Tower 1.25"3
3 cm2
Deck 1.25"3
3 cm1,2
Turrets 1.25"3
3 cm1,2
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 61,2,3
Shafts 21,2,3
Turbines Parsons geared1,2,3
HP 66,0001,2,3
Oil 1,300 tons1,2,3

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site