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Netherlands' Fokker G.1, Fokker G.I heavy fighter / ground attack

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Netherlands' Fokker G.1 heavy fighter / ground attack:
Netherlands' Fokker G.1 heavy fighter / ground attack

Design

Was a private venture by Fokker that got noticed by the Dutch Army Air Service.1

Originally was to have a mix of machine guns and cannons but it was decided on eight MGs.1 With its heavy armament it was nicknamed Le Foucher (The Grim Reaper).3

Typically carried only the pilot and rear gunner, but an observer could be included in the fuselage.1

Fuselage

The frame was steel tubes with an aluminum cover.2 The central part was of wood construction.2

Wing

Had a middle wing made of wood.2

Tail

The tail of the G.1 was was all metal.2 The rudders were covered in canvas.2

Undercarriage

The landing gear was retractable into the engine nacelles.2

Propellers

The engine drove three bladed variable pitch metal propellars.2,4

Prototype

The prototype G.1 first flew on March 16, 1936 / March 16, 19373,4.2,3,4

Production

An order for 36 was placed in November 1937.2

Was to be produced for export, but the war started and the Dutch Air Force confiscated all that had been or were in production.1

  • Prototype: 13
  • Fokker G.IA: 363,4
  • Fokker G.IB: 253
  • Total: 621,3
    • Manufacturer: Fokker4

The following countries placed orders for the G.1B:

  • Finland: 262
  • Sweden: 182
  • Denmark: to be produced under license2
  • Spain: ?2, 253
  • Estonia: 92

Variants

  • Fokker G.1: Prototype with Hispano-Suiza 80-20 engines with 750 HP2,3 / 830 HP.1,2
  • Fokker G.1A: Powered by Bristol Mercury VIII engines.1
  • Fokker G.1B, "Wasp": Export version.2 Were to be exported with Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp Junior engines with 750 HP.1 Could carry 880 lb / 400 kg of bombs.1 Was 1.2 m shorter, and wingspan 0.65 m / 2' shorter.1
  • Fokker G.2: Was to have Mercedes DB600 engine.1 Never produced.1

Usage

Germany and the Netherlands used the G.Is.3

Caused quite an interest at the 1936 Paris Air Show.1,2

Spain

The Spanish Republican Government ordered 25 G.Is in June 1937.3 The Spanish wanted the Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp Junior engines.3

May 1940

At the start of the war only 204 / 23 Fokker G.1As supplied three units.1,2,4

By May 14 only five G.1s were still in service.1

German

Twenty G.1Bs intended for Finland were confiscated by the Germans and used for training.1,2

Escape

In May 1941, two Fokker test pilots flew the last Fokker G.1A from Schipol to the English coast to escape the German occupation.2,4

Specifications

  Fokker G.I3
Type Heavy fighter3, Ground attack3
Crew 2 - 33
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
Net HP  
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Fokker G.1A1,2,4
Fokker G.IA3
Type Fighter2,4, Heavy Fighter1, Ground Attack1
Crew 21, 2 - 32, 34
Pilot, radio operator/rear gunner1
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Mercury VIII piston1,2,3,4
Cylinders Radial1, Radial 92,3,4
Cooling Air2,4
Net HP 830 each2,3,4
Propeller blades 3 each1,2,3 , 3 metal variable pitch4
Dimensions  
Span 54' 2"1, 56' 3"2,4, 56' 3.25"3
16.5 m1, 17.15 m2,3
Length 35' 8", 37' 9"1,2,4
10.87 m3, 11.5 m1,2
Height 11' 2"1,2,3,4
3.4 m1,2,3
Wing area 381 ft2 1
35.7 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 6,930 lb1, 7,341 lb3
3,150 kg1, 3,330 kg3
Loaded 9,680 lb1, 10,560 lb4, 10,582 lb2, 11,023 lb3
4,400 kg1, 4,970 kg2, 5,000 kg3
Performance  
Speed 268 mph1, 295 mph2,4
432 kph1, 475 kph2
Speed @ 13,450' /
4,100 m
295 mph3
475 kph3
Cruising speed 221 mph3
357 kph3
Endurance  
Climb 2,736'/minute3
834 m/minute3
Service ceiling 30,000'1, 30,500'2,4, 30,510'3
9,100 m1, 9,300 m2,3
Range 870 miles1, 876 miles2, 932 miles3, 945 miles4
1,400 km1, 1,409 km2, 1,500 km3
Armament 8 - 9: MG2
9: MG4
Nose 8: 7.92 mm FN-Browning MG1
8: 7.9 mm MG3
Rear fuselage 1: 7.92 mm FN-Browning MG1
1: 7.9 mm MG3
Bombs 660 lb1,2, 880 lb4, 882 lb3
300 kg1,2, 400 kg3
  Fokker G.IB3
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-1535-SB4-G Twin Wasp Junior3
Cylinders Radial 143
Cooling  
Net HP 750 each3
Propeller blades 3 each3
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 6,944 lb3
3,150 kg3
Loaded 10,582 lb3
4,800 kg3
Performance  
Speed 268 mph3
431 kph3
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 28,526'3
8,695 m3
Range 913 miles3
1,470 km3
Armament  
Nose 2: 23 mm3
2: 7.9 mm MG3
Rear fuselage 1: 7.9 mm MG3
Bombs 882 lb3
400 kg3

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Complete Book of World War II Combat Aircraft, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, Pierluigi Pinto, 1988
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
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