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Netherlands' Fokker T.VIII-W, Fokker T.VIII bomber

Design

In 1937 the Dutch navy issued a specification for a twin engine seaplane capable of carrying a torpedo internally and optionally bombs. In 1938 Fokker created a twin engine sea plane that would be used by the Dutch navy.

The skin was of composite materials on the Fokker T.VIII.

Engine

The engines powered two bladed metal propellers.

Wing

The Fokker T.VIII-W had a mid wing with the two engines. Two large duralumin floats were located underneath.

Nose

The observer for the T.VIII-W was located in a glazed nose.

Armament

The radio operator was located in the compartment behind the pilot and controlled a flexible machine gun. The pilot controlled a machine gun that was installed in a half wing.

Prototype

The prototype first flew in 1938.

The T.VIII-W/C first flew in late 1939.

Production

In 1938 an order for five T.VIII-Ws was placed. These were delivered by June of 1939. Then the Dutch Navy ordered 26 more for the East Indies.
Nineteen were initially ordered. In early 1940 twelve were ordered for the Netherlands Naval Air Force. None made it to the Netherlands East Indies.

  • Fokker T.VIII-Wc: 5
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wg: 19
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wm: 12
  • Total: 36, ~40
    • Manufacturer: Fokker

Finland

In 1939 Finland ordered the Fokker T.VIII-Wc. Five were constructed, and the last one converted to a land plane. All were confiscated by the Germans.

Variants

  • Fokker T.VIII-Wg: Mixed wood and metal structure. Fabric cover.
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wm: All metal.
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wc: Larger mixed wood and metal structure.

Usage

Britain, Germany, and the Netherlands used the Fokker T.VIII-W.

Netherlands

None of the Fokker T.VIIIs saw combat before they were captured by the German forces.

Germany

28 of T.VIII-Ws were used by the Germans as naval reconnaissance in the Mediterranean and the North Sea.
Germany took over or received delivery of:

  • Fokker T.VIII-W/G: 8
  • Fokker T.VIII-W/M: 12
  • Fokker T.VIII-W/C: 5

United Kingdom

On May 14, 1940, eight T.VIII-Ws flew to the United Kingdom. These were used by the No. 320 Squadron (Dutch personnel) in the North Sea as convoy escorts. Eventually the lack of spare parts caused the T.VIII-Ws from being used.

Specifications

  Fokker T.VIII
Type Bomber
Crew 3
Engine (Type) 2: Wright Whirlwind
Cylinders Radial 9
Cooling Air
Net HP 450 each
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 59'
Length 42' 8"
Height 16' 5"
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 11,030 lb
Performance  
Speed 177 mph
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,300'
Range 1,710 miles
Armament  
Nose 1: MG
Observer Cockpit 1: MG
Bombs or torpedo 1,300 lb
  Fokker T.VIII-W
Type Bomber
Torpedo bomber
Reconnaissance
Crew 3
Pilot, observer, radio operator
Engine (Type) 2: Wright Whirlwind
Cylinders Radial 9
Cooling Air
Net HP 450 each
Propeller blades 2 each
Dimensions  
Span 59'
17.98 m
Length 42' 8"
13 m
Height 16' 5"
5 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 11,030 lb
5,000 kg
Performance  
Speed 177 mph
285 kph
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,300'
6,800 m
Range 1,710 miles
2,750 km
Armament 2 - 3: MG
Bombs or torpedo 1,330 lb
603 kg
  Fokker T.VIII-W/G
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Wright R-975-E3 Whirlwind
Cylinders Radial 9
Cooling  
Net HP 450 each
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 59' 1"
18 m
Length 42' 8"
13 m
Height 16' 5"
5 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 7,055 lb
2,150 kg
Loaded 11,023 lb
5,000 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 9,840' /
3,000 m
177 mph
285 kph
Cruising speed 137 mph
220 kph
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,310'
6,800 m
Range 1,305 miles
2,100 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.9 mm MG
Dorsal 2: 7.9 mm MG
Ventral 2: 7.9 mm MG
Bombs or torpedo 1,323 lb
600 kg
  Fokker T.VIII-W/M
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Wright R-975-E3 Whirlwind
Cylinders Radial 9
Cooling  
Net HP 450 each
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 59' 1"
18 m
Length 42' 8"
13 m
Height 16' 5"
5 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Fokker T.VIII-Wc
Fokker T.VIII-W/C
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Mercury XI
Cylinders Radial 9
Cooling  
Net HP 902 each
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 65' 6", 65' 7"
19.98 m, 20 m
Length 48' 7", 49' 3"
14.8 m, 15.01 m
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 9,700 lb
4,400 kg
Loaded 14,550 lb
6,600 kg
Performance  
Speed 224 mph
360 kph
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 19,030'
5,800 m
Range 1,056 miles
1,700 km
Armament  

Sources:

  1. Complete Book of World War II Combat Aircraft, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, Pierluigi Pinto, 1988
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site