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Netherlands' Fokker T.VIII-W, Fokker T.VIII bomber

Design

In 1937 the Dutch navy issued a specification for a twin engine seaplane capable of carrying a torpedo internally and optionally bombs.1,2 In 1938 Fokker created a twin engine sea plane that would be used by the Dutch navy.1

The skin was of composite materials on the Fokker T.VIII.3

Engine

The engines powered two bladed metal propellers.1

Wing

The Fokker T.VIII-W had a mid wing with the two engines.1,3 Two large duralumin floats were located underneath.1

Nose

The observer for the T.VIII-W was located in a glazed nose.1

Armament

The radio operator was located in the compartment behind the pilot and controlled a flexible machine gun.1 The pilot controlled a machine gun that was installed in a half wing.1

Prototype

The prototype first flew in 1938.2,3

The T.VIII-W/C first flew in late 1939.2

Production

In 1938 an order for five T.VIII-Ws was placed.1 These were delivered by June of 1939.1 Then the Dutch Navy ordered 26 more for the East Indies.1
Nineteen were initially ordered.2 In early 1940 twelve were ordered for the Netherlands Naval Air Force.2 None made it to the Netherlands East Indies.2

  • Fokker T.VIII-Wc: 51,2
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wg: 191,2
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wm: 121,2
  • Total: 361,2, ~403
    • Manufacturer: Fokker3

Finland

In 1939 Finland ordered the Fokker T.VIII-Wc.1 Five were constructed, and the last one converted to a land plane.2 All were confiscated by the Germans.2

Variants

  • Fokker T.VIII-Wg: Mixed wood and metal structure.1,2 Fabric cover.2
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wm: All metal.1,2
  • Fokker T.VIII-Wc: Larger mixed wood and metal structure.1

Usage

Britain, Germany, and the Netherlands used the Fokker T.VIII-W.2

Netherlands

None of the Fokker T.VIIIs saw combat before they were captured by the German forces.3

Germany

28 of T.VIII-Ws were used by the Germans as naval reconnaissance in the Mediterranean and the North Sea.1,3
Germany took over or received delivery of:

  • Fokker T.VIII-W/G: 82
  • Fokker T.VIII-W/M: 122
  • Fokker T.VIII-W/C: 52

United Kingdom

On May 14, 1940, eight T.VIII-Ws flew to the United Kingdom.1,2,3 These were used by the No. 320 Squadron (Dutch personnel) in the North Sea as convoy escorts.1,2,3 Eventually the lack of spare parts caused the T.VIII-Ws from being used.1,2

Specifications

  Fokker T.VIII3
Type Bomber3
Crew 33
Engine (Type) 2: Wright Whirlwind3
Cylinders Radial 93
Cooling Air3
Net HP 450 each3
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 59'3
Length 42' 8"3
Height 16' 5"3
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 11,030 lb3
Performance  
Speed 177 mph3
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,300'3
Range 1,710 miles3
Armament  
Nose 1: MG3
Observer Cockpit 1: MG3
Bombs or torpedo 1,300 lb3
  Fokker T.VIII-W1
Type Bomber1
Torpedo bomber2
Reconnaissance2
Crew 31,2
Pilot, observer, radio operator
Engine (Type) 2: Wright Whirlwind1
Cylinders Radial 91
Cooling Air1
Net HP 450 each1
Propeller blades 2 each1
Dimensions  
Span 59'1
17.98 m1
Length 42' 8"1
13 m1
Height 16' 5"1
5 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 11,030 lb1
5,000 kg1
Performance  
Speed 177 mph1
285 kph1
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,300'1
6,800 m1
Range 1,710 miles1
2,750 km1
Armament 2 - 3: MG1
Bombs or torpedo 1,330 lb1
603 kg1
  Fokker T.VIII-W/G2
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Wright R-975-E3 Whirlwind2
Cylinders Radial 92
Cooling  
Net HP 450 each2
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 59' 1"2
18 m2
Length 42' 8"2
13 m2
Height 16' 5"2
5 m2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 7,055 lb2
2,150 kg2
Loaded 11,023 lb2
5,000 kg2
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 9,840' /
3,000 m
177 mph2
285 kph2
Cruising speed 137 mph2
220 kph2
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 22,310'2
6,800 m2
Range 1,305 miles2
2,100 km2
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Dorsal 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Ventral 2: 7.9 mm MG2
Bombs or torpedo 1,323 lb2
600 kg2
  Fokker T.VIII-W/M2
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Wright R-975-E3 Whirlwind2
Cylinders Radial 92
Cooling  
Net HP 450 each2
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 59' 1"2
18 m2
Length 42' 8"2
13 m2
Height 16' 5"2
5 m2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  
  Fokker T.VIII-Wc1
Fokker T.VIII-W/C2
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Bristol Mercury XI1,2
Cylinders Radial 92
Cooling  
Net HP 902 each1
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 65' 6"1, 65' 7"2
19.98 m1, 20 m2
Length 48' 7"1, 49' 3"2
14.8 m1, 15.01 m2
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 9,700 lb2
4,400 kg2
Loaded 14,550 lb2
6,600 kg2
Performance  
Speed 224 mph2
360 kph2
Cruising speed  
Endurance  
Climb  
Service ceiling 19,030'2
5,800 m2
Range 1,056 miles2
1,700 km2
Armament  

Sources:

  1. Complete Book of World War II Combat Aircraft, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, Pierluigi Pinto, 1988
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
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