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Japan's Type 95 Scout Car, Kurogane "Black Medal"

Photos

Type 95 Scout Car:
Japan's Type 95 Scout Car
US War Department

Design

The Imperial Japanese Army, after the Manchurian Incident, decided it needed a light reconnaissance car.

Kurogane came up with an original design.

Engine

It was decided to go with an air cooled engine as supplies of usable water in Northern China weren't always available.

Cabin

There were convertible, closed cab, and truck versions of the Type 95.

Tires

To better handle the rough terrain in China, tires with heavier tread were used.

Production

  • Type 95 Scout Car: 4,800
    • Manufacturer: Kurogane

Specifications

  Type 95 Scout Car
Crew 1
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 2,420 lb, 2,425 lb
1,100 kg
Length 11' 1"
3.38 m
Height 5' 6"
1.68 m
Width 5'
1.52 m
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Wheelbase 12' 7"
3.84 m
Armament  
Quantity  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model) 1: V-1-A-F
Cylinders 2
Cooling Air
Capacity 1,399 cc
Stroke 4
Net HP 33
Transmission (Type) Selective Sliding
3 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity - Main 7.7 gallons
35 liters
Capacity - Auxiliary 0.88 gallons
4 liters
Consumption 0.88 gallons/hour
4 liters/hour
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 46.8 mph
75 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 281 miles
450 km
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 1' 7"
0.5 m
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Tires 18x6

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  2. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site