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Japan's Type 95 Scout Car, Kurogane "Black Medal"

Photos

Type 95 Scout Car:
Japan's Type 95 Scout Car
US War Department

Design

The Imperial Japanese Army, after the Manchurian Incident, decided it needed a light reconnaissance car.1,2

Kurogane came up with an original design.1

Engine

It was decided to go with an air cooled engine as supplies of usable water in Northern China weren't always available.1,2

Cabin

There were convertible, closed cab, and truck versions of the Type 95.2

Tires

To better handle the rough terrain in China, tires with heavier tread were used.2

Production

  • Type 95 Scout Car: 4,8001,2
    • Manufacturer: Kurogane1,2

Specifications

  Type 95 Scout Car
Crew 12
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 2,420 lb2, 2,425 lb1
1,100 kg1,2
Length 11' 1"1,2
3.38 m1,2
Height 5' 6"1,2
1.68 m1,2
Width 5'1,2
1.52 m1,2
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Wheelbase 12' 7"1
3.84 m1
Armament  
Quantity  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model) 1: V-1-A-F1,2
Cylinders 21,2
Cooling Air1
Capacity 1,399 cc1
Stroke 41,2
Net HP 331,2
Transmission (Type) Selective Sliding1,2
3 forward, 1 reverse1,2
Fuel (Type) Gasoline1,2
Octane  
Capacity - Main 7.7 gallons1
35 liters1
Capacity - Auxiliary 0.88 gallons1
4 liters1
Consumption 0.88 gallons/hour1
4 liters/hour1
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 46.8 mph2
75 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 281 miles2
450 km2
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 1' 7"2
0.5 m2
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Tires 18x61

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  2. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site