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Japan's Tankette Type 94 Te-Ke:

Design

In 1930 six Carden Loyd Mk VI tankettes were delivered to Japan.3 This tankette inspired the Tokushu Keninsha (special tractor) that was created by the Hiro Motor Company.3 The TK was larger than the Carden Loyd and similar to the Vickers light tanks.3

In the 1930s the Army requested a vehicle that could tow an armored trailer with ammunition to forward areas.

Hull was riveted. Front mounted engine, rear compartment with large access door.3

Turret was traversed by using shoulder against the MG. If turret was facing forward driver couldn't open hatch. Their was asbestos insulation in the turret to reduce the heat inside.

Suspension

Had a bell-crank which was invented by Major Tomio Hara.4 Often threw track on high speed turns.

Production

  • Type 94 Te-Ke:
    • Production: 1934 -
    • Cost: ¥50,0003

Variants

  • Type 94 Te-Ke:
  • Diesel Prototype: Had diesel engine installed. The driver was moved to the left.2 Led to design of the Type 97 tankette.2

Usage

Usually towed a tracked trailer that carried supplies. Used in China3, Malaya, and Burma. Each infantry division was given a company of six vehicles. Withdrawn after participating in early part of Burma campaign.

The Type 94 Te-Ke's role was to support the infantry and carry supplies in battle.3

Specifications

  Type 94 Te-Ke
Crew Commander, driver
21,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 3.5 tons1,2
3,400 kg1
7,500 lb
Length 10'1, 10' 1", 10.08'2
3.08 m1
Height 5' 3.5", 5' 4"1, 5.33'2
1.62 m1
Width 5' 3.5", 5' 4"1, 5.33'2
1.62 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 6.5 mm MG1
6.5 mm Model 91 MG
7.7 mm MG2
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 1,980
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 4 - 122
121
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Air cooled, Mitsubishi Type 941
Type 942, air cooled2
Cylinders 41,2
Net HP 321,2, 32-35 @ 2,500 rpm
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline2
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 24.9 mph1, 25 mph2
40 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 100 miles, 124 miles1, 130 miles
200 km1
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 2', 1' 8"
Trench crossing 4' 6", 4' 7"
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type) Bell crank4, rubber tires
Wheels each side 2 bogies with 2 wheels each
Return rollers each side 2
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  Late model
Crew 22
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 3.5 tons2
8,600 lb
Length 11.08'2, 11' 2"
Height 5' 6.75", 5.8' 2
Width 5.33'2
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 7.7 mm Model 97 MG
7.7 mm MG2
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 4 - 122
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Type 942, air cooled2
Cylinders 42
Net HP 322
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline2
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 25 mph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  3. Japanese Tanks 1939-45, Steven J. Zaloga, 2007
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site