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Japan's Type 3 Chi-Nu medium tank

Design

Was designed as a replacement for the Type 1 Chi-He.3 The Type 3 Chi-Nu used the same chassis as the Type 1 Chi-He.5

Main Armament

Initially a 75 mm Type 95 field artillery gun was used, but due to the short life of its barrel the Type 90, with a lower muzzle velocity was developed.3

The turret was modified to accept a 75 mm Type 3 tank gun.3,5

The gun was based on the French Schneider 75 mm field gun.

Production

  • Type 3 Chi-Nu: 60, 1445
    • Production: 1943, September 1944 -5
    • Manufacturer: Mitsubishi5

Usage

None left the Japanese home islands.5

Specifications

  Type 3 Chi-Nu
Crew Commander, gunner, loader, driver, gunner-hull
51,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 42,000 lb,
18,500 kg1, 19,100 kg,
18.2 tons1, 18.5 tons2, 18.7 tons4, 19 tons3
Length 18' 6"1, 18' 9", 18.5'2
5.64 m1
Height 8.6'2, 8' 7"1
2.68 m1
Width 7.66'2, 7' 8"1
2.41 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 75 mm Type 3 tank gun3,5
75 mm Type 904 (Type 31)
75 mm2
Secondary  
MG 7.7 mm MG2
MG - hull 7.7 mm MG1
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 8 - 502
501
Hull Front, Upper 50
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 8
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Type 1001,2, air cooled2
Cylinders V-121,2
Net HP 2401,2
Transmission  
Fuel type Diesel1,2
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 24 mph1,2
39 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 130 miles
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  3. Profile AFV Weapons #49 Japanese Medium Tanks, Lieutenant-General Tomio Hara, 1972
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. Japanese Tanks 1939-45, Steven J. Zaloga, 2007
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site