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Japan's Type 92 light tank; Type 92 cavalry tank

Design

After a disappointing demonstration of a Christie tank at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds in 1932 the Japanese decided to design their own fast cavalry tank.

The design was undertaken by the Ishikawajima Motor Works (now Isuzu).

Was called a combat car to get around restrictions that the cavalry couldn't have tanks. Also issued to tank units as a light tank.

Combat performance was poor and its hull welding was weak. The poor suspension was redesigned three times.

Production

First produced in 1932.

  • Type 92:
    • Production: 1931 - 1932, 1933
    • Manufacturer: Ishikawajima Motor Works

Variants

  • Type 92:
  • A-I-GO: Amphibious version.

Usage

Was used for reconnaissance in Inner Mongolia in 1933 as part of the Jehol Operation.

Was used in China.

Specifications

  Type 92 Light Tank
Type 92 Cavalry Tank
Crew 3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 3.4 tons, 3.9 tons
3.5 metric tons
7,000 lb
Length 12' 7", 13' 1"
Height 6' 3"
Width 5' 3"
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 13 mm MG, hull
12.7 mm MG, hull
Secondary  
MG 6.5 mm, turret
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 6
0.5"
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Air cooled
Cylinders 6
Net HP 45
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 21.6 mph, 25 mph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type) Bell crank
Wheels each side 6
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  2. Japanese Tanks 1939-45, Steven J. Zaloga, 2007
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site