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Japan's Type 95 Heavy Tank

Design

Prototype was completed in February 1927 and was initially called Prototype No. 1.1 Some modifications were made and it became the Type 95.1 The weight was reduced and the engine power was increased.2

Due to the Type 95 being expensive to produce it was not widely used.2

Prototype

The prototype was completed in April 1930 and trials were conducted.2 These resulted in the weight being reduced to 16 tons.2 The main armament was increased from 57 mm to 70 mm.2

A second prototype, Prototype 91 Heavy Tank, was constructed, starting in March 1932.2

Production

  • 1st Prototype: 12
    • Production: April 19302
  • Prototype 91 Heavy Tank: 12
    • Production: March 19322
  • Type 95 Heavy Tank:
    • Production: 1935 - ?2

Variants

  • Prototype 91 Heavy Tank: The engine was a modified BMW aircraft engine.2
  • Type 95 Heavy Tank:

Specifications

  Prototype 91 Heavy Tank
Crew 52
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 18 tons2
Length 6.3 m2
Height 2.57 m2
Width 2.47 m2
Ground clearance 0.4 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG - coaxial  
MG - rear turret  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 202
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) BMW2
Cylinders  
Net HP 2242
Transmission  
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 25 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius 5.2 m2
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing 3 m2
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  
  Type 95 Heavy Tank
Crew 51
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 25.6 tons1, 26 tons2
Length 21' 3"1
6.47 m2
Height 9' 6"1
2.9 m2
Width 8'' 11"1
2.7 m2
Ground clearance 0.5 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 70 mm Type 941,2
Secondary 37 mm Type 941,2
MG - coaxial 1: MG1,2
MG - rear turret 1: MG1,2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 301,2
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Cylinders  
Net HP 2901,2
Transmission  
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 92
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  2. Profile AFV Weapons #49 Japanese Medium Tanks, Lieutenant-General Tomio Hara, 1972
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site