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Japan's Type 4 Chi-To heavy tank

Design

Some sources calls this a Medium tank.

Development work on the Chi-To began in 1943. Due to the war situation very few were produced and they were left in the home islands for the coming Allied invasion.

Main Armament

A 75 mm antiaircraft gun was used.

Prototype

Only 6 prototypes were constructed by 1945.

Production

  • Prototypes: 6
  • Type 4 Chi-To: 2, 6
    • Manufacturer: Mitsubishi, Kobe-Seiko

Specifications

  Type 4 Chi-To
Crew 5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 60,000 lb
30 tons
Length 20.75'
6.3 m
Height 9.4'
Width 9.4'
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 75 mm
75 mm Type 4
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.7 mm MG
2: MG
MG - coaxial 7.7 mm MG
MG - hull 7.7 mm MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 12 - 75, 75
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Type 4, supercharged
Cylinders V-12
Net HP 400
Cooling Air cooled
Transmission  
Fuel type Diesel
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 28 mph
45 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing 3 m
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  2. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  3. Japanese Tanks 1939-45, Steven J. Zaloga, 2007
  4. Profile AFV Weapons #49 Japanese Medium Tanks, Lieutenant-General Tomio Hara, 1972
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site