World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
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Japan's Military Glossary

  Definition
Bakugeki-ki Bomber with dive bombing abilities1
Chutai Formation of nine aircraft (three shotai) up until 1944, then became 16 aircraft.1 Squadron of aircraft3
Daitai Formation of 27 aircraft (three chutai)1, Aircraft formed into a battalion3
Dokuritsu Keisokosha Chutai Independent tank companies2
Dokuritsu Sensha Chutai Independent tank companies2
Dokuritsu Sensha Ryodan Independent tank brigades2
Dokoritu Independent.3
Dokoritu Hiko Chutai Independent Flying Chutai.3
Encho kyoiku Imperial Japanese Navy term for advanced flight training.1
Gekitsui-oh "Shoot down king."1 Somewhat similar to the western "ace."1
Hei-shu Hiko Yoka C-class flight reserve trainee1
Renshu Sei Hentai "Formation."1 Used from 1944 for a formation of two Imperial Japanese Navy fighters.1
Hiko Flying3
Hiko Gakusei Flight student.1 Navy academy graduate flight trainees.1
Hiko Renshu Sei Flight trainee.1 Non-commissioned and enlisted flight trainees.1
Hiko Yoka Renshu Sei Flight reserve trainee.1
Hikodan Unit to control several Sentai.3 "Brigade."3
Hikotai Flying unit.3
Hineri-komi "Twisting in."1 Corkscrew loop maneuver developed by Imperial Japanese Navy pilots.1
Hiren Abbreviation for Hiko Renshu Sei.1
Kanbaku Abbreviation for Kanjo Bakugeki-ki.1
Kanjo Bakugeki-ki Shipboard bomber.1
Kanjo Kogeki-ki Shipboard torpedo bomber.1
Kanjo Sento-ki Shipboard fighter.1
Kanjo Teisatsu-ki Shipboard reconnaissance plane.1
Kanko Abbreviation for Kanjo Kogeki-ki.1
Kansen Abbreviation for Kanjo Sento-ki.1
Kantei Abbreviation for Kanjo Teisatsu-ki.1
Kido Hohei Rentai mobile artillery regiment, with towed guns2
Kido Hohei Rentai mobile infantry regiment, with Type I Ho-Ki and Type I Ho-Ha personnel carriers.2
Kikan-ju Machine gun.1
Kikan-ho Machine cannon.1
Kogeki-ki Aircraft that could torpedo bomb.1
Koku Air3
Koku Sentai Vessels (at least two) that could carry aircraft.1 Often known as a "carrier division" when aircraft carriers were being described.1
Kokutai Operational unit for the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service.1 Excluded aircraft carriers.1
Ko-shu Hiko Yoka A-class flight reserve trainee.1
Kyodo Hikotai Training unit.3
Kyoiku Sentaizuki Training Executive Officer.3
Otsu-shu Hiko Yoka Renshu Sei B-class flight reserve trainee.1
Otsu-shu (Toku) Hiko B-class (special) flight reserve trainee.1
Renshu Sei Kutai A four plane formation used by Imperial Japanese Navy fighters in the latter half of World War II.1
Rentai Regiment.3
Rikujo Kogeki-ki Land based attack aircraft.1
Sensha Daitai tank battalion2
Sensha Dan tank groups2
Sensha Rentai tank regiment2
Sensha Ryodan tank brigades2
Sensha Shiden tank division2
Sentai Aircraft formed into a Group (regiment).3 Formed by two or three Chutai.3
Sento Kodo Chosho Combat log.1 Kept at the koutai level.1
Sento Yoho Detailed combat report.1
Shidan Division.3 For aircraft, contained several Sentai.3
Shinten Shake the sky.3
Shinten Seikutai Ram attack units.3
Shotai Formation of three aircraft.1 From 1944-1945 meant for a formation of eight aircraft (two kutai).1
Soh-ju Renshu Sei Pilot trainee.1
Sohren Abbreviation for Soh-ju Renshu Sei.1
Tokushu Kogekitai Special attack unit.3
Yoka Renshu Sei Rikko Abbreviation for Rikujo Kogeki-ki.1
Yokaren Abbreviation for Hiko Yoka Renshu Sei.1

Sources:

  1. Imperial Japanese Naval Aviator 1937-45, 1988, Osumu Tagaya
  2. World War II Japanese Tank Tactics, Gordon L. Rottman, Akira Takizawa, Peter Dennis, 2008
  3. Japanese Army Fighter Aces 1931-45, Ikuhiko Hata, Yasuho Izawa, Christophoer Shores, 2002
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site