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Japan's Imperial Navy flag

Japan's Mitsubishi K3M trainer, Navy Type 90
Allied code name: Pine

Design

In 1929 the Imperial Japanese Navy asked Mitsubishi to develop a crew trainer. By 1933 the Army also became interested.

The Mitsubishi K3M was a popular crew trainer.

Prototype

The prototype for the Army was destroyed and the project never proceeded.

Production

  • Total: 624
  • Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Jukogyo K.K.

Variants

  • Mitsubishi K3M:
  • Mitsubishi K3M2:
  • Mitsubishi K3M3: More powerful engine and aerodynamic improvements. Appeared in 1939.

Usage

One K3M was made into a civilian transport in 1934.

Specifications

  Mitsubishi K3M3
Type Trainer
Crew 5
Engine (Type) Nakajima Kotobuki 2KA12
Cylinders Radial 9
Cooling Air
Net HP 580
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 51' 9"
Length 31' 3"
Height 12' 6"
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 4,850 lb
Performance  
Speed at 3,280' 146 mph
Climb  
Service ceiling 20,965'
Range 497 miles
Armament 1: MG

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site