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Japan's Imperial Navy flag

Japan's Mitsubishi K3M trainer, Navy Type 90
Allied code name: Pine

Design

In 1929 the Imperial Japanese Navy asked Mitsubishi to develop a crew trainer. By 1933 the Army also became interested.

The Mitsubishi K3M was a popular crew trainer.

Prototype

The prototype for the Army was destroyed and the project never proceeded.

Production

  • Total: 624
  • Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Jukogyo K.K.

Variants

  • Mitsubishi K3M:
  • Mitsubishi K3M2:
  • Mitsubishi K3M3: More powerful engine and aerodynamic improvements. Appeared in 1939.

Usage

One K3M was made into a civilian transport in 1934.

Specifications

  Mitsubishi K3M3
Type Trainer
Crew 5
Engine (Type) Nakajima Kotobuki 2KA12
Cylinders Radial 9
Cooling Air
Net HP 580
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 51' 9"
Length 31' 3"
Height 12' 6"
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 4,850 lb
Performance  
Speed @ 3,280' 146 mph
Climb  
Service ceiling 20,965'
Range 497 miles
Armament 1: MG

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site