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Japan's Imperial Navy flag

Japan's Mitsubishi K3M trainer, Navy Type 90
Allied code name: Pine

Design

In 1929 the Imperial Japanese Navy asked Mitsubishi to develop a crew trainer.1 By 1933 the Army also became interested.1

The Mitsubishi K3M was a popular crew trainer.1

Prototype

The prototype for the Army was destroyed and the project never proceeded.1

Production

  • Total: 6241
  • Manufacturer: Mitsubishi Jukogyo K.K.1

Variants

  • Mitsubishi K3M:
  • Mitsubishi K3M2:
  • Mitsubishi K3M3: More powerful engine and aerodynamic improvements.1 Appeared in 1939.1

Usage

One K3M was made into a civilian transport in 1934.1

Specifications

  Mitsubishi K3M31
Type Trainer1
Crew 51
Engine (Type) Nakajima Kotobuki 2KA121
Cylinders Radial 91
Cooling Air1
Net HP 5801
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 51' 9"1
Length 31' 3"1
Height 12' 6"1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 4,850 lb1
Performance  
Speed @ 3,280' 146 mph1
Climb  
Service ceiling 20,965'1
Range 497 miles1
Armament 1: MG1

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site