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Japan's Imperial Navy flag

Japan's Aichi E16A Zuiun (auspicious cloud, cloud of good omens)
Allied Code Name: Paul

Design

The Aichi E16A floatplane was designed to be a successor to the Aichi E13A. Development started in 1941.

The E16A was of an all metal construction except for the wing tips and the tail, which were wood.

Stop Gap Dive Bomber

The E16A was modified by installing hydraulically operated dive brakes to allow it to dive bomb with one or two 500 lb / 250 kg bombs.

Prototype

The E16A prototype flew in May 1942. In August 1943 the final prototype was built.

Production

  • Prototype: 3
  • Aichi E16A1: 252
    • Aichi: 193
    • Nippon-Hikoki: 59
  • Aichi E16A2: 1
  • Total: 256
    • Manufacturer: Aichi Kokuki K.K.

Variants

  • Aichi E16A1:
  • Aichi E16A2: The engine was a Mitsubishi Kinsei 62 (1,560 HP). Was in prototype stage at end of war.

Usage

Became Operational

In January 1944 the E16A became operational in the Japanese Navy. They were deployed to the Philippine Islands a few months later.

Specifications

  Aichi E16A
Type Reconnaissance floatplane
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Mitsubishi Kensei 51 or 54
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling  
Net HP 1,300
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 42'
12.8 m
Length 35' 6.5"
10.83 m
Height 15' 8.5"
4.78 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 6,493 lb
2,945 kg
Normal load 8,380 lb
3,800 kg
Maximum load 10,038 lb
4,553 kg
Performance  
Speed @ 18,045' /
5,500 m
274 mph
440 kph
Speed - cruising 207 mph
333 kph
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
4.7 minutes
Service ceiling 32,810'
10,000 m
Range 600 miles
965 kg
Range maximum 1,504 miles
2,420 km
Armament  
Wings 2: 20 mm
Rear cockpit 1: 13 mm MG
Bombs 1: 550 lb
1: 250 kg
OR 2: 550 lb
2: 250 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site