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Japan's Imperial Navy flag

Japan's Aichi E13A reconnaissance; Navy Type 0 Model 1
Allied Code Name: Jake

Photos

Aichi E13A floatplane:
Japan's Aichi E13A floatplane

Design

The Aichi E13A was designed to fill a 1937 specification for a replacement for the Kawanishi E7K2.1

Anti-Submarine

Some E13s were fitted with magnetic anomaly detection (MAD) equipment to help find submarines.1

Prototype

The E13A prototype first flew in late 1938.1

Production

  • Total: 1,4181,2
    • Manufacturer: Aichi Kokuki K.K.2

The Aichi E13A was constructed by the Aichi (only the first 133), Hiro Naval Air Arsenal, and Kyushu Watanabe.1

Variants

  • Aichi E13A:
  • Aichi E13A1:
  • Aichi E13A1-K: Trainer.1
  • Aichi E13A1a (Model 11A): New float braces and radio.1,2 Appeared in November 1944.2
  • Aichi E13A1b (Model 11B): Had air to surface radar.1,2 Appeared in November 1944.2

Usage

In early 1941 the E13A entered service.1,2 The E13A was also used for rescue, transport, and attack.2

The Aichi E13A was used on Cruisers and flying boat tenders.1 The E13A1 was on a battleship, twelve cruisers, and four support ships.2

Pearl Harbor

The E13A was used in the reconnaissance of Pearl Harbor right before the attack.1

Campaigns

The Aichi E13A was used in the Coral Sea, Midway, and Solomon Island campaigns.1

France

The French Navy used one Aichi E13A after World War II in Indo-China.1

Specifications

  Aichi E13A1
Type Reconnaissance floatplane1
Crew 31
Engine (Type) Mitsubishi Kinsei 431
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
Net HP 1,0801
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 47' 7"1
14.5 m1
Length 37'1
11.28 m1
Height 15' 5"1
4.7 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 5,825 lb1
2,642 kg1
Normal load 8,048 lb1
3,650 kg1
Maximum load 8,818 lb1
4,000 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 7,155' /
2,180 m
234 mph1
376 kph1
Speed - cruising 138 mph1
222 kph1
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
6.1 minutes1
Service ceiling 28,640'1
8,730 m1
Range 1,298 miles1
2,090 km1
Range with full load  
Armament  
Belly 1: 20 mm1
Rear cockpit 1: 7.92 mm MG1
Bombs 4: 132 lb1
4: 60 kg1
OR 1: 550 lb1
1: 250 kg1
  Aichi E13A12
Type Reconnaissance2
Crew 32
Engine (Type) Mitsubishi Kinsei 432
Cylinders Radial 142
Cooling Air2
Net HP 1,0802
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 47' 7"2
Length 37'2
Height 24' 3"2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Normal load 8,025 lb2
Maximum load  
Performance  
Speed @ 7,155' /
2,180 m
234 mph2
Speed - cruising  
Service ceiling 28,640'2
Range 1,298 miles2
Range with full load  
Armament 1: MG2
Bombs 551 lb2

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site