World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Japan's Imperial Navy flag

Japan's Yokosuka P1Y Ginga (milky way) attack bomber, night fighter
Allied code name: Frances

Design

The P1Y Ginga was intended to be a multirole military aircraft along the same lines as the Mosquito and Ju 88.1 It has much promise but the war ended before its full potential was realized.1

The P1Y was to meet an Imperial Japanese Navy requirement issued in 1940.1

Prototype

The first prototype to fly was in summer 19432 / August 1943.1 Pilots enjoyed the aircraft, but ground crews disliked its problems with the engines and hydraulic systems.1

Production

  • Prototype: 61
  • Yokosuka P1Y1, Yokosuka P1Y1-S: 9961
    • Manufacturer: Nakajima1
    • Production: mid 1944 - ?1
  • Yokosuka P1Y2, Yokosuka P1Y2-S: 961
    • Manufacturer: Kawanishi1
  • Total: 1,0981,2
    • Manufacturer: Nakajima Hikoki K.K.2
    • Production: ? - October 1944 (453)2

Variants

  • Prototype:
  • Yokosuka P1Y:
  • Yokosuka P1Y1 Model 11:
  • Yokosuka P1Y1a: Primarily changes in armament.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y1b: Primarily changes in armament.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y1c: Primarily changes in armament.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y1-S: Night fighter.1 Four oblique firing 20 mm guns in fuselage.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y2: Bomber.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y2-S Kyokko ("Aurora"): Night fighter.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y3: Was to be parent aircraft for the Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka suicide rocket aircraft.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y4: Better engines.1 Only drawing board.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y5: Better engines.1 Only drawing board.1
  • Yokosuka P1Y6: Better engines.1 Only drawing board.1

Usage

The P1Y1 wasn't used extensively because of engine problems.2

Specifications

  Yokosuka P1Y Ginga1
Type Attack bomber1, night fighter1
Crew 31
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
Net HP  
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Maximum range  
Armament  
Nose 1: 20 mm1
Rear cockpit 1: 13 mm MG1
OR 2: 13 mm MG1
Bombs 2,205 lb1
1,000 kg1
OR  
Torpedo 11
  Yokosuka P1Y1 Ginga1,2
Type Bomber2
Crew 32
Engine (Type) 2: Nakajima NK9B Homare 112
2: Nakajima Nk9C Homare 121
Cylinders Radial 181,2
Cooling Air2
Net HP 1,8202, 1,8251
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 65' 7"2, 65' 7.5"1
20 m1
Length 49' 2"2, 49' 2.5"1
15 m1
Height 14' 1"2, 14' 1.25"1
4.3 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 16,017 lb1
7,265 kg1
Loaded 29,762 lb1, 30,840 lb2
13,500 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 19,355' /
5,900 m
340 mph1,2
547 kph1
Cruising speed 230 mph1
370 kph1
Climb  
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
4.3 minutes1
Service ceiling 30,840'1,2
9,400 m1
Range 1,192 miles1, 3,338 miles2
1,918 km1
Maximum range 3,337 miles1
5,370 km1
Armament 2: 20 mm2
Bombs 2,200 lb2
  Yokosuka P1Y2 Ginga1
Type  
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Mitsubishi MK4T-A-Kasei 25a1
Cylinders Radial 141
Cooling  
Net HP 1,8501
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 65' 7.5"1
20 m1
Length 49' 2.5"1
15 m1
Height 14' 1.25"1
4.3 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded  
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Maximum range  
Armament  

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site