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Japan's Imperial Army flag

Japan's Kawasaki Ki-32 bomber, Army Type 98
Allied code: Mary

Design

Kawasaki and Mitsubishi were asked by the Japanese Army in 1936 to develop a monoplane that had:

  • Single engine
  • Carry 660 - 990 lbs of bombs
  • Cruise at 187.5 mph
  • Fly between 6,500' and 13,000'
  • Maximum speed of 250 mph at 10,000'
  • Armament of two machine guns

Isamu Imashi and Shiro Ota designed the plane with a liquid cooled engine. The Mitsubishi and Kawasaki designs were similar and the Mitsubishi Ki-30 was put into production. With war coming it was decided to produce both of them side by side.

The Kawasaki Ki-32 was the last bomber used by the Japanese Army that used a liquid cooled engine as they were more vulnerable than air cooled.

Prototype

The prototype first flew in March 1937.

Production

  • Kawasaki Ki-32: 854
  • Manufacturer: Kawasaki Kokuki Kogyo K.K.
  • Production: 1938 - May 1940

Usage

The Ki-32 was first used in China and was used until the beginning of 1942. After which it was moved to be a trainer.

Specifications

  Kawasaki Ki-32
Type Bomber
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Kawasaki Ha-9-IIb
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 850
Propeller blades  
Fuel capacity  
Dimensions  
Span 49' 2"
Length 38' 2"
Height 9' 6"
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 7,802 lb
Performance  
Speed at 12,925' 263 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 29,265'
Range 826 miles
Armament 2: MG
Bombs 992 lb

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site