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Japanese Aircraft Code Names

Most of the German aircraft listed here weren't really used by the Japanese forces but the Allies thought they did and designated names for them.

Bomber, Dive Bomber, Torpedo

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
  Experimental Special Attacker1 Baika "plum blossom"1  
  Experimental Special Attacker1 Toka "wistaria"1  
  Experimental Attack Plane1 Tozan "eastern mountain"1  
Aichi B7A13, Aichi B7A1/B7A31,3,4, B7A1 - B7A22 Navy Carrier Attack Bomber1,13, Carrier Torpedo Plane2 Ryusei13, Ryusei "shooting star"1,4, Ryusei "falling star"3, Ryūsei "shooting star"2 Grace1,2,3,4,13
Aichi D1A12,13 Navy Type 94 Carrier Bomber13, Navy Type 94 Dive Bomber2   Susie13
Aichi D1A21,2,13 Navy Type 96 Carrier Bomber1,2,13   Susie1,13
Aichi D3A1,3,4,5,6,13, D3A1 - D3A22,3,4,5,6, Aichi 99-112 Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber1,2,13   Val1,2,3,4,5,6,9,12,13
Aichi M6A11 Navy Special Attack Bomber1 Seiran "mountain haze"1  
Aichi M6A11 Navy Special Attack Bomber1 Seiran1  
Aichi M6A1-K1 Special Attack Training Bomber1 Nanzan "southern mountain"1  
Fiat B.R.201,13 Army Type I Heavy Bomber1,13   Ruth1,13
Heinkel He 1111,13, Aichi13 Type 98 Medium Bomber1,13   Bess1,13
Hirosho G2H12 Type 95 Attack Plane2    
Junkers Ju-87A13     Irene13
Kawasaki Ki-311 Type 93    
Kawasaki Ki-321,3 Army Type 98 Light Bomber1   Mary1,3
Kawasaki Ki-481,3,4 Army Type 99 Twin Engine Light Bomber1   Lily1,3,4,9
Kawasaki Ki-102b1,3,13 Army Type 4 Assault Plane1,13   Randy1,3,13
Kawasaki1 Army Type 97 Medium Bomber1   Julia1
Kugisho B4Y11 Navy Type 96 Carrier Attack Bomber1   Jean1
Kugisho D4Y1/D4Y51 Navy Carrier Bomber1 Suisei "comet"1 Judy1,9
Kugisho P1Y1/P1Y61, Yokosuka P1Y1 - P1Y62,3,4,13 Navy Bomber1,2,13 Ginga "milky way"1,2,3,4,13 Frances1,2,3,4,13
Mitsubishi B1M1 - B1M32 Type 13 Carrier Torpedo Plane2    
Mitsubishi B2M1 - B2M22 Type 89 Carrier Torpedo Plane2    
Mitsubishi B5M11 Navy Type 97-2 Carrier Attack Bomber1   Mabel1
Mitsubishi B-9713 Medium Bomber13 Darai13 Doris13
Mitsubishi G3M1,3,4,13, G3M1 - G3M32,3,4 Navy Type 96 Attack Bomber1,2,13   Nell1,2,3,4,9,13
Mitsubishi G4M1 / G4M61,3,4,5,6, Mitsubishi G4M1 - G4M32,3,4,5,6,13, Mitsubishi Zero-112 Navy Type 1 Attack Bomber1,2,13   Betty1,2,3,4,5,6,9,12,13
Mitsubishi Ki-2-II1 Army Type 93-2 Twin engine Light Bomber1   Louise1
Mitsubishi Ki-211,3,4,6,13 Army Type 97 Heavy Bomber1,13   Jane13, Sally1,3,4,6,9
Mitsubishi Ki-21-IIb13, Mitsubishi1 Army Type 0 Medium Bomber1, Army Type 97 Heavy Bomber Model 2B13   Gwen1,13, Sally 313
Mitsubishi Ki-301,13 Army Type 97 Light Bomber1,13   Ann1,13
Mitsubishi Ki-511,3,4,13 Army Type 99 Assault Plane13, Army Type 99 Assault Plane / Tactical Reconnaissance1   Sonia1,3,4,9,13
Mitsubishi Ki-671,3,4,6,13 Army Type 4 Heavy Bomber1,13 Hiryu13, Hiryu "flying dragon"1,3,4,6 Peggy1,3,4,6,13
Mitsubishi Ki-67-IKAI1,3,4,6 Army Type 4 Special Attack Plane1   Peggy1,3,4,6
Mitsubishi1 Army Type 97 Heavy Bomber1   Jane1
Mitsubishi1 Type 97 Light Bomber1,13   Norma1,13
Nakajima3 Experimental Special Attacker1 Kikka1,3 "orange blossom"1,3  
Nakajima B5N1 - B5N21,2,3,4,6, Nakajima 97-212 Navy Type 97-1 and 97-3 Carrier Attack Bomber1, Type 97 Carrier Torpedo Plane2   Kate1,2,3,4,6,9,12
Nakajima B6N1/B6N31,3,4,6 , B6N1 - B6N22,3,4,6 Navy Carrier Attack Bomber1, Carrier Torpedo Plane2 Tenzan "heavenly mountain"1,2,3,4,6 Jill1,2,3,4,6
Nakajima G5N13/G5N21 Navy Experimental 13-Shi Attack Bomber1 Shinzan "mountain recess"1 Liz1,3
Nakajima G8N13, Nakajima G8N11,3 Navy Experimental 18-Shi Attack Bomber1,13 Renzan13, Renzan "mountain range"1 Rita1,3,13
Nakajima Ki-491,3,4,5,13 Army Type 100 Heavy Bomber1,13 Donryu "storm dragon"1,4,5,13 Helen1,3,4,5,9,13
Nakajima Ki-1151 Army Special Attacker1 Tsurugi "sabre"1  
Nakajima1 Army Type 1 Light Bomber1   Joyce1
Nakajima Type 96-111 Navy K-9611    
Vultee V-11GB1,13 Type 98 Showa Light Bomber1   Millie1,13
Yokosuka B3Y12 Type 92 Carrier Torpedo Plane2    
Yokosuka B4Y12 Type 96 Carrier Torpedo Plane2   Jean2
Yokosuka D4Y2 - D4Y42,3,4,6,13, Nakajima1 Navy Carrier Dive Bomber2,13, Navy Type 1 Dive Bomber1 Suisei "comet"2,3,4,6,13 Judy2,3,4,6,13, Dot1,13

Fighter

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
Focke Wulf Fw 190A-513     Fred13
Heinkel A7He11 Navy Type He Interceptor Fighter1   Jerry1
Kawanishi N1K1-J1,2,3,4,6,10, Kawanishi N1K1-J - N1K5-J13, Kawanishi N1K2-J KAI1, N1K2-J2 Navy Interceptor Fighter1,13 Shiden "violent lightning"1,3,4,6,10,13, Shiden "lightning flash"2, Shiden-kai "improved Shiden"2,13 George1,2,3,4,6,10,13
Kawasaki Ki-101,13 Army Type 95 Fighter1,13   Perry1,13
Kawasaki Ki-2813 Army Experimental Fighter13   Bob13
Kawasaki Ki-45KAI1,3,4,6,13 Army Type 2 Two Seat Fighter1,13 Toryu13, Toryu "dragon killer"1,4,6 Nick1,3,4,6,9,13
Kawasaki Ki-611,3,4,5,6,10,13 Army Type 3 Fighter1,13 Hien13, Hien "swallow"1,10 Tony1,3,4,5,6,9,10,13
Kawasaki Ki-6413 Army Experimental High Speed Fighter13   Rob13
Kawasaki Ki-1001,3,4,10 Army Type 5 Fighter1, Army Type 5 Fighter Model 1A10    
Kawasaki1 Army Type 1 Single Seat Fighter1   Jim1
Kugisho P1Y1-S1,13, Yokosuka P1Y1-S2 Navy Night Fighter1,2,13 Byakko "white light"1,13, Ginga "milky way"2 Frances1,2,13
Kugisho P1Y2-S1,2,13 Navy Night Fighter1,2,13 Kyokko "auroa"1,2,13, Ginga "milky way"2 Frances1,2,13
Kyushu J7W11,3 Navy Experimental 18-Shi Interceptor Fighter1 Shinden "magnificent lightning"1 , "magnificent thunderbolt"3  
Messerschmitt Bf 109E13     Mike13
Messerschmitt Bf 11013     Doc13
Mitsubishi A5M1,3,4,13, A5M1 - A5M42,3,4 Navy Type 96 Carrier Fighter1,2,9,13   Claude1,2,3,4,5,9,13, Sandy1,13
Mitsubishi A5M4-K1 Navy Type 2 Training Fighter1    
Mitsubishi A6M1,3,5,6,7,8,13, A6M2 - A6M82,3,5,6,7,8, Mitsubishi1 Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter1,2,4,13, Navy Type 1 Single Seat Fighter1   Ray13, Zeke1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9,12,13, Zero12
Mitsubishi A6M313 Navy Type 0 Carrier Fighter Model 3213   Hap13, Hamp13, Zeke 3213
Mitsubishi A7M13, Mitsubishi A7M1/21,3 Navy Experimental Carrier Fighter1, Navy Experimental 17-Shi Ko (A) Type Carrier Fighter13 Reppu13, Reppu "violent wind"1, "hurricane"3 Sam1,3,13
Mitsubishi G6M11,13 Navy Type 1 Formation Escort Fighter1, Navy Type 1 Wingtip Convoy Fighter13   Betty1,13
Mitsubishi J2M13, Mitsubishi J2M1/J2M71,2,3,4,6,10, J2M1 - J2M62 Navy Interceptor Fighter1,13 Raiden "thunderbolt"1,2,10,13 Jack1,3,4,6,10,13
Mitsubishi J4M11 Navy Experimental 17-Shi Interceptor1 Senden "flashing lightning"1 Luke1
Mitsubishi J8M11,2,3 Navy Experimental 19-Shi Interceptor Fighter1 Shusui1,3, Shūsui "shining blade"2, "swinging sword"3  
Mitsubishi Ki-46-IIIKAI1 Army Type 100 Interceptor Fighter1   Dinah1
Mitsubishi Ki-7313 Army Experimental Fighter13   Steve13
Mitsubishi Ki-833      
Mitsubishi1, Mitsubishi TK-413 Army Type 0 Single Seat Twin Engined Fighter1,13   Frank13, Harry1,13
Nagoya-Sento KI-00113 Navy Carrier Fighter13   Ben13
Nakajima A1N1 - A1N22 Type 3 Carrier Fighter2    
Nakajima A2N1 - A2N32 Type 90 Carrier Fighter2    
Nakajima A4N12 Type 95 Carrier Fighter2    
Nakajima AT-2713 Twin Engined Fighter13   Gus13
Nakajima C6N1-S2 Night Fighter2 Sauin "iridescent cloud"2 Myrt2
Nakajima J1N1-S1,13, J1N1 - J1N32 Navy Type 2 Night Fighter1, Navy Night Fighter13 Gekko "moonlight"1,13, Gekkō "moonlight"2 Irving1,2,13
Nakajima J5N11 Navy Experimental Interceptor Fighter1 Tenrai "heavenly thunder"1  
Nakajima Ki-11, AN-1      
Nakajima Ki-271,3,10,13, Mitsubishi1 Army Type 97 Fighter1,9,13, Army Type 97 Fighter Model A10   Abdul1,3,10,13, Nate1,3,9,10,13
Nakajima Ki-431,3,4,5,6,10,13 Army Type 1 Fighter1,13 Hayabusa13, Hayabusa "peregrine falcon"1,3,4,5,6,10 Oscar1,3,4,5,6,9,10,13
Nakajima Ki-441,3,4,10,13 Army Type 2 Single Seat Fighter1,13, Army Type 2 Single Seat Fighter Model 1A Shoki10 Shoki13, Shoki "demon"1,3,10, "devil queller"4 Tojo1,3,4,9,10,13
Nakajima Ki-841,3,4,5,6,10,13 Army Type 4 Fighter1,13 Hayate "gale"1,4,5,6,10,13, "storm"3 Frank1,3,4,5,10,13
Nakajima1 Army Type 97 Fighter1   Clint1
Seversky A8V11,13 Navy Type S Two Seat Fighter1,13   Dick1,13
Suzukaze 2013 Twin Engined Fighter13 Sukukaze "cool breeze"1 Omar1,13
Tachikawa Ki-7413 Army Experimental Long Range Bomber13   Pat13, Patsy13
Yokosuka D4Y2-S2 Night Fighter2 Suisei "comet"2 Judy2

Floatplane, Flying Boat

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
  Navy Type 99 Four Engine Flying Boat1   Joan1
Aichi E10A13, Aichi E10A11 Navy Type 96 Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13   Hank1,13
Aichi E11A11 Navy Type 98 Reconnaissance Seaplane1   Laura1
Aichi E13A13, Aichi E13A11,3,4 Navy Type 0 Reconnaissance Seaplane1,4,13   Jake1,3,4,9,13
Aichi E16A13, Aichi E16A1/E16A21,3,4 Navy Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13 Zuiun1,3,4,13 "auspicious cloud"1,4 , "cloud of good omens"3 Paul1,3,4,13
Aichi H8K2-L1,3,4,5 Navy Transport Flying Boat1, Type 2 Flying Boat Model 115 Seiku "clear sky"1 Emily1,3,4,5,9
Aichi H9A11 Navy Type 2 Training Flying Boat1    
Aichi1,13 Navy Type 97 Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13   Bob1,13
Aichi1, Aichi AI-10413 Navy Type 98 Bomber Float Plane1, Navy Type 98 Reconnaissance Seaplane13   Ione1,13
Aichi1 Navy Type 99 Single Engine Dive Bomber Seaplane1   June1
Kawanishi E7K1,13 Navy Type 94 Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13   Alf1,9,13
Kawanishi E15K13, Shiun Kawanishi E15K11 Navy Type 2 High Speed Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13   Norm1,13
Kawanishi H3K11,13 Navy Type 90-2 Flying Boat1,11,13   Belle1,13
Kawanishi H6K1,3,4,5,6 Navy Type 97 Flying Boat1   Mavis1,3,4,5,6,9
Kawanishi H8K1,13, Kawanishi Zero-212 Navy Type 2 Flying Boat1,13 Seiku "clear sky"1 Emily1,12,13
Kawanishi N1K13, Kawanishi N1K1/N1K21,3 Navy Fighter Seaplane1,13 Kyofu13, Kyofu "strong wing"1,3 Rex1,3,13
Kugisho E14Y11,3, Yokosuka E14Y13 Navy Type 0 Small Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13   Glen1,3,9,13
Kugisho H5Y1, Yokusuka H5Y13 Navy Type 99 Flying Boat1,13   Cherry1,9,13
Mitsubishi F1M13, Mitsubishi F1M11,3,4 Navy Type 0 Observation Seaplane1,13   Pete1,3,4,9,13
Mitsubishi Mitsu 95, H-9611      
Nakajima A6M2-N1,3,4,13 Navy Type 2 Fighter Seaplane1,13   Rufe1,3,4,9,13
Nakajima E8N11,3,13 Navy Type 95 Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13   Dave1,3,9,13
Nakajima1, Nakajima SKT-9713 Navy Type 97 Seaplane Fighter1,13   Adam1,13
Watanabe E9W1,13 Navy Type 96 Reconnaissance Seaplane1,13   Slim1,9,13
Yokosuka H7Y13 Navy Experimental 12-Shi Flying Boat13   Tillie13

Liaison

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
Kokusai Ki-761,3,13 Army Type 3 Command Liaison Plane1,13   Stella1,3,13
Mitsubishi Ohtori13 Civil Long Range Communication Plane13   Eva / Eve13
Tachikawa Ki-361,13 Army type 98 Direct Cooperation Plane1,13   Ida1,9,13

Reconnaissance

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
Focke-Wulf Fw 20013     Trudy13
Kugisho D4Y1-C1 Navy Type 2 Carrier Reconnaissance Plane1 Suisei "comet"1 Judy1,9
Kugisho R1Y11 Navy Experimental 17-Shi Reconnaissance Plane1 Seium1  
Kyushu Q1W1/Q1W21,3,4 Navy Patrol Plane1 Tokai1,3,4 "eastern sea"3,4 Lorna1,3,4
Mansyu Ki-7113 , Mitsubishi Ki-7113 Army Experimental Tactical Reconnaissance Plane13   Edna13
Mitsubishi C5M1,3,13, C5N1 - C5M22,3 Navy Type 98 Reconnaissance Plane1,2,13   Babs1,2,3,9,13
Mitsubishi Ki-151,3,13 Army Type 97 Command Reconnaissance Plane1,13 Karigane "wild goose"1 Babs1,3,13
Mitsubishi Ki-461,3,4,6,13 Army Type 100 Command Reconnaissance Plane1,13   Dinah1,3,4,6,9,13
Nakajima C6N13, Nakajima C6N1/C6N31,3,4, C6N1 - C6N32,3,4 Navy Carrier Reconnaissance Plane1,2,13 Saiun13, Saiun "painted cloud"1,3,4, Sauin "iridescent cloud"2 Myrt1,2,3,4,13
Nakajima J1N1-C1,2,3,4,13, Nakajima J1N1-R13 Navy Type 2 Land Based Reconnaissance Plane1,2,13 Gekko "moonlight"1 Irving1,2,3,4,13
Tachikawa Ki-7013 Army Experimental Command Reconnaissance Plane13   Clara13
Yokosuka D4Y1-C - D4Y2-C2 Type 2 Reconnaissance Plane2   Judy2

Trainer

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
Kokusai Ki-861,13 Army Type 4 Primary Trainer1,13   Cypress1,13
Kugisho K5Y1 , Yokosuka K5Y3,13 Navy Type 93 Intermediate Trainer1, Navy Type 95 Intermediate Trainer13   Willow1,3,13
Kyushu K9W11,13 Navy Type 2 Primary Trainer1,13 Momiji "maple"1 Cypress1,13
Kyushu K10W13, Kyushu K10W11 Navy Type 2 Intermediate Trainer1,13   Oak1,13
Kyushu K11W11,3 Navy Operations Trainer1 Shiragiku "white chrysanthemum"1,3  
Manshu Ki-791 Army Type 2 Advanced Trainer1    
Mitsubishi G6M1-K1,13 Navy Type 1 Attack Bomber Trainer1, Navy Type 1 Large Land Trainer13   Betty1,13
Mitsubishi K3M13, Mitsubishi K3M11,3 Navy Type 90 Crew Trainer13, Navy Type 90 Operation Trainer1   Pine1,3,13
Mitsubishi Ki-46-IIKAI1 Army Type 100 Tactical Pilot Trainer1   Dinah1
Tachikawa Ki-91,13 Army Type 95-1 Intermediate Trainer1,11, Army Type 95-1 Medium Grade Trainer1,11,13   Spruce1,13
Tachikawa Ki-171,13 Army Type 95-3 Primary Trainer1,13   Cedar1,13
Tachikawa Ki-5413, Tachikawa Ki-54a1,3 Army Type 1 Advanced Trainer1,13   Hickory1,3,13
Tachikawa Ki-54b1,3 Army Type 1 Operations Trainer1,13   Hickory1,3,13
Tachikawa Ki-551,13 Army Type 99 Advanced Trainer1,13   Ida1,13
Tokyo Koku Aiba 811      

Transport, Glider

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
  Navy Primary Glider1 Wakakusa "young grass"1  
Douglas DC-213     Tess13
Douglas DC-3 L2D11, Douglas DC-3 L2D2/L2D51, Douglas L2D13 Navy Type D Transport1, Navy Type 0 Transport13   Tabby1,13
Junkers Ju-52/313     Trixie13
Kawasaki Ki-561,3,13 Army Type 1 Freight Transport1,13   Thalia1,3,13
Kokusai Ki-591,13 Army Type 1 Transport1,13   Theresa1,13
Kokusai Ku-713 Army Experimental Transport Glider Manazuru13   Buzzard13
Kokusai Ku-81,13 Army Type 4 Special Transport Glider1,13   Gander1,13, Goose1,13
Kugisho L3Y1, Misubishi L3Y3,4, Mitsubishi Ki-3313 Navy Type 96 Transport1,13   Tina1,3,4,13
Lockheed 141,13 Army Type LO Transport1,13   Thelma1,9,13
Mitsubishi G6M1-L21,13 Navy Type 1 Transport1,13   Betty1,13
Mitsubishi Ki-571,3,13 Army Type 100 Transport1,13   Topsy1,3,9,13
Mitsubishi L4M13, Mitsubishi L4M11 Navy Type 0 Transport1,13   Topsy1,13
Nakajima Ki-341,13 Army Type 97 Transport1,13   Thora1,13
Nakajima L1N13, Nakajima L1N11 Navy Type 97 Transport1,13   Thora1,13
Tachikawa Ki-54c1,3 Army Type 1 Transport1,13   Hickory1,3,13
Yokosuka L3Y13 Navy Type 96 Transport13   Nell13

Unclassified

Manufacturers Name Official Name Japanese Nickname Allied Code Name
D3Y11   Myojo "venus"1  
G7M11   Taizan "great mountain"1  
G10N11   Fugaku "Mount Fuji"1  
H11K1-L1   Soku "blue sky"1  
J6K11   Jinpu "squall"1  
Kugisho MXY41 Navy Type 1 Target Plane1    
Lockheed 1413     Toby13
MXY81   Akigusa "autumn grass"1  
Q2M11   Taiyo "ocean"1  
Q3W11   Nankai "south sea"1  
R2Y1/21   Keium "beautiful cloud"1  
S1A11   Denko "bolt of light"1  
Yokosuka MXY72,3,4,13, MXY7-K21 Attack Suicide Plane2,3 Ōka "cherry blossom"2 , Ohka "cherry blossom"1,3,4, Wakazakura "young cherry"1, Navy Special Attacker Ohka13 Baka1,2,3,4,13

Sources:

  1. Japanese Aircraft Code Names & Designations, Robert C. Mikesh, 1993
  2. Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units in World War II, Ikuhiko Hata, Yasuho Izawa, 1989
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  5. Aircraft of World War II, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  6. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  7. Seafire vs A6M Zero Pacific Theatre, Donald Nijboer, 2009
  8. A6M Zero in Action, Shigeru Nohara, 1983
  9. Handbook on Japanese Military Forces, US War Department, 1991
  10. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  11. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  12. The Struggle for Guadalcanal August 1942 - February 1943, Samual Eliot Morison, 1949
  13. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, René J Francillon, 1970
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site