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Japanese Air Units / Groups

Japanese Army Air Force Air Groups / Sentais

Unit Established Locations / Battles Notes Aircraft Used
1st2,5 July 5, 1938 at Kagamigahara, Japan2 Manchuria2,5; China2,5; Cambodia5; Malaya5; Burma2,5; Indochina5; East Indies2; Solomons5; New Guinea5; Philippines2,4,5; Formosa2,5; Japan2,5   Ki-272,5, Ki-432,4,5, Ki-842,4,5
3rd4   Thailand4, China4, Okinawa4   Ki-274, Ki-434, Ki-614, Ki-1004
4th2,5 July 1938 at Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan2 Formosa2,5; Japan2,5   Type 955, Ki-102, Ki-272,5, Ki-452,5
5th2,5 August 31, 1938 at Tachikawa, Japan2 East Indies2,5; New Guinea2,5; Japan2,5   Type 915, Type 955, Ki-102, Ki-272,5, Ki-452,5, Ki-1002,5
9th2,5 July 1, 1938 in China2 Korea5, Manchuria2,5; China2,5   Type 915, Type 955, Ki-102, Ki-272,5, Ki-442,5, Ki-842,5
11th2,5 August 31, 1938 at Harbin, Manchuria2 Manchuria2,5; China2,5; Indochina2; Malaya5; East Indies2,5; Burma2,5; Rabaul2,5; Solomons2,5; New Guinea2,5; Formosa2,5, Philippines2,5; Japan2,5   Type 915, Type 925, Ki-272,5, Ki-432,5, Ki-842,5
13th2,5 July 1938 at Kagamigahara, Japan2 Rabaul5; New Guinea5; Philippines2,5; Singapore5; Indochina5; Cambodia5; Malaya5; Formosa2,5; Japan2,5   Type 955, Ki-275, Ki-455, Ki-435, Ki-612, Ki-845, Ki-1002
17th5   Japan5; Philippines5; Formosa5   Ki-615, Ki-1005
18th2,5 February 10, 1944 at Choufu, Japan2 Philippines2,5; Japan2,5   Ki-612,5, Ki-1002,5
19th2,5 February 10, 1944 at Alkeno Fighter School, Japan2 Indonesia2; Philippines2,5; Formosa2,5; Okinawa2,5   Ki-612,5
20th2,5 December 1, 1943 at Itami, Japan2 Okinawa2,5; Formosa2,5; Philippines2,5; Japan5   Ki-432,5, Ki-452,5
21st2,5 October 15, 1942 at Hanoi, Indochina2 China5; Philippines2,5; Burma2,5; Indochina2; East Indies2,5; Formosa5   Ki-272,5, Ki-452,5
22nd2,5 March 5, 1944 at Fussa, Japan2,5 China2,5; Philippines2,5; Korea2,5; Japan2,5   Ki-842,5
23rd5 October 1944 at Ohta, Japan5 Iwo Jima5; Japan5   Ki-435, Ki-445
24th5 September 1938 at Harbin5 China5; New Guinea5; Philippines5; Okinawa5   Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-845
25th5 November 1942 at Hankow5 China5; Korea5   Ki-435, Ki-845
26th5 October 1942 at Yamentum5 New Guinea5; Philippines5; Indochina5; Singapore5; Okinawa5   Ki-275, Ki-305, Ki-515, Ki-435, Ki-445
28th5 June 19395 Manchuria5; Japan5   Ki-465, Ki-1025
29th5 July 19395 Manchuria5; China5; Formosa5; Philippines5; Okinawa5   Ki-275, Ki-445, Ki-845
30th5 July 19435 Manchuria5; Philippines5; Thailand5; Burma5 Disbanded May 30, 19455 Ki-275, Ki-435
31st5 July 19375 Manchuria5; Philippines5 Disbanded May 30, 19455 Ki-435
33rd5 August 19385 Manchuria5; China5; Indochina5; Burma5; Thailand5; Philippines5 Disbanded June 19455 Type 915, Type 955, Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-445
47th5 November 1941 at Tachikawa5 Indochina5; Malay5; Burma5; Japan5   Ki-445, Ki-845
47th Independent4   Japan4   Ki-434
48th5 July 19435 China5   Ki-275, Ki-435
50th5 September 19405 Formosa5; Philippines5; Thailand5; Burma5; Singapore5; East Indies5; New Guinea5; Malaya5; Indochina5   Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-845
51st5 April 19445 Japan5; Philippines5   Ki-845
52nd5 April 19445 Japan5; Philippines5;   Ki-845
53rd5 May 1944 at Tokorozawa5 Japan5   Ki-455
54th5 July 1941 at Kashiwa5 Japan5; China5; Philippines5; Formosa5   Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-455, Ki-845
55th5 March 1944 at Taisho5 Philippines5; Japan5; Okinawa5   Ki-615
56th5 March 1944 at Taisho5 Japan5   Ki-615
59th5 July 1938 at Kagamigahara5 Manchuria5; Indochina5; Thailand5; Malaya5; East Indies5; Philippines5; Japan5   Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-615, Ki-1005
63rd5 February 1943 at Hachinohe5 Japan5; New Guinea5; Solomons5;   Ki-275, Ki-435
64th5 August 19385 Manchuria5; Korea5; China5; Indochina5; Malaya5; Thailand5; Burma5; Cambodia5   Type 955, Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-445
68th5 March 1942 at Harbin5 New Britain5; New Guinea5; Philippines5; Solomons5   Ki-275, Ki-615, Ki-435
70th5 March 1941 at Xingshu5 China5;   Ki-275, Ki-445, Ki-845
71st5 May 1944 at Kameyama5 Japan5; Philippines5;   Ki-435, Ki-845
72nd5 May 1944 at Kita-Ise5 Philippines5 Disbanded January 19455 Ki-845
73rd5 May 1944 at Kita-Ise5 Japan5; Philippines5 Disbanded March 19455 Ki-435, Ki-845
77th5 July 19385 China5; Manchuria5; Cambodia5; Indochina5; Thailand5; Malaya5; Burma5; New Guinea5 Disbanded July 19445 Type 955, Ki-275, Ki-435
78th5 March 1942 at Xingshu5 China5; Manchuria5; New Britain5; New Guinea5; Philippines5 Disbanded July 25, 19445 Ki-275, Ki-615, Ki-435
85th5 March 1941 at Sunjia5 China5; Manchuria5; Korea5   Ki-275, Ki-445, Ki-845
87th5 March 1941 at Harbin5 China5; Burma5; East Indies5; Singapore5   Ki-275, Ki-445
101st5 July 1944 at Kita-Ise5 Japan5   Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-845
102nd5 July 1944 at Kita-Ise5 Japan5   Ki-845
103rd5 August 1944 at Kameyama5 Japan5   Ki-435, Ki-845
104th5 July 1944 at Ozuki5 Japan5; Manchuria5   Ki-275, Ki-435, Ki-445, Ki-455, Ki-845
105th5 August 1944 at Taichung5 Formosa5   Ki-615
111th5 July 19455 Japan5   Ki-845, Ki-1005
112th5 July 1945 at Nitta5 Japan5   Ki-845, Ki-1005
200th5 October 1944 at Akeno5 Philippines5 Disbanded May 19455 Ki-845
204th5 At Zhenxi5 China5; Burma5; Philippines5; Indochina5; Japan5; Formosa5   Ki-275, Ki-435
246th5 August 1942 at Kakogawa5 Japan5; Philippines5; Formosa5   Ki-275, Ki-445, Ki-465, Ki-845
248th5 August 19425 New Guinea5 Disbanded July 19445 Ki-275, Ki-435

Japanese Naval Air Force Air Groups

Unit Established Locations / Battles Notes Aircraft Used
1st1 April 1941 at Kanoya, Japan1 China1 Disbanded September 19411  
2nd - 582nd1 May 1942 at Yokosuka Air Base, Japan1 New Guinea1; Guadalcanal1 Disbanded July 19431  
3rd - 202nd1 April 19411 Philippines1; Dutch East Indies1; Darwin, Australia1 Disbanded July 1944.1  
4th1 February 1942 at Truk1 Rabaul1; eastern New Guinea1    
6th - 204th1 April 1942 at Kisarazu Air Base, Japan1 eastern New Guinea1; Rabaul1; Dutch Harbor1; Battle of Midway1 Disbanded April 19441  
131st1 July 1944 at Yokosuka Air Base, Japan1 Okinawa1; Japan1    
153rd1 January 19441 Western New Guinea1    
201st1 September 1944 at Meiji Air Base, Japan1 Okinawa1; Japan1    
203rd1 February 1944 at Atsugi Air Base, Japan1 Kurile Islands1; Okinawa1; Philippines1; Formosa1; Japan1    
205th1 February 1945 at Taichung Air Base, Japan1 Okinawa1 Kamikaze Unit1  
221st1 Janaury 1944 at Kasanbara Air Base, Japan1 Formosa1; Philippines1    
254th1 October 19431 Hainan Island1; Hong Kong1; Formosa1; Philippines1 Disbanded January 19451  
256th1 February 1944 at Lunghwa, China1 Shanghai1; Philippines1; Formosa1 Disbanded December 19441  
261st1 June 1943 at Kagoshima Air Base, Japan1 Peleliu Island1; Saipan1; Yap1 Disbanded July 19441  
263rd1 October 1943 at Genzan, Korea1 Tinian1; Peleliu1; Guam1 Disbanded July 19441  
265th1 November 1943 at Kogoshima Air Base, Japan1   Disbanded July 19441  
281st1 February 1943 at Maizuru Air Base, Japan1 Kurile Islands1; Marshall Islands1; Rabaul1 Destroyed February 19441  
301st1 November 1943 at Yokosuka Naval Base, Japan1 Tinian1; Iwo Jima1 Disbanded July 19441  
302nd1 March 1944 at Kisarazu Air Base, Japan1 Guarded Imperial Castle1; Okinawa1    
321st1 October 1943 at Mobara Air Base, Japan1 Tinian1; Guam1 Disbanded July 1944.1
Night fighter unit.1
 
331st1 July 1943 at Saeki Air Base, Japan1 Burma1; Calcutta1; Borneo1; Philippines1 Disbanded May 1944  
332nd1 August 1944 at Iwakuni Air Base, Japan1 Philippines1; Japan1    
341st1 November 1943 at Matsuyama Sir Base, Japan1 Iwo Jima1; Formosa1; Philippines1 Destroyed in January 1945 in the Philippines.1  
343rd1 January 1944 at Matsuyama Air Base, Japan1 Guam1 Disbanded July 1944.1
Reestablished December 1944 at Matsuyama.1
 
352nd1 August 1944 in Japan1 Japan1    
381st1 October 19431 Biak1; Borneo1; Celebres1; French Indochina1    
601st3 Reorganized February 15, 19443 Taihō3, Shokaku3, Zuikaku3   A6M3, D4Y3, B6N3
634th3   Ise3, Hyūga3    
721st1 October 1944 at Konoike Air Base, Japan1 Okinawa1 Kamakaze Unit1  
Chitose - 201st1 October 1939 at Chitose, Japan1 Roi, Marshall Islands1    
Genzan - 252nd1 November 1940 at Genzan, Korea1 Battle of Coral Sea1    
Kanoya - 253rd1 April 1936 at Kanoya, Japan1 Rabaul, Solomons1 Helped sink HMS Prince of Wales1  
Tainan - 251st1 October 1941 at Tainan, Formosa1   Disbanded July 19441  
Yokosuka1 April 1930 at Yokosuka, Japan1 Iwo Jima1; Japan1    

Sources:

  1. Imperial Japanese Navy Aces 1937-45, Henry Sakaida, 1998
  2. Japanese Army Air Force Aces 1937-45, Henry Sakaida, 1997
  3. Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units in World War II, Ikuhiko Hata, Yasuho Izawa, 1989
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. Japanese Army Fighter Aces 1931-45, Ikuhiko Hata, Yasuho Izawa, Christophoer Shores, 2002
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