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Italy's Semovente M42L da 105/25; Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun

Photos

Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun:
Italy's Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun

Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun:
Italy's Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun

Production

  • Semovente M42L da 105/25: 90
    • Production: 1943 - ?, April 1943 - ?
    • Manufacturer: Fiat Ansaldo
  • Semovente da 149/40: 1
    • Production: 1942 - ?
    • Manufacturer: Ansaldo
  • Carro Commando M42:
    • Manufacturer: FIAT-Ansaldo

Variants

  • Semovente M42L da 105/25: Built by Fiat-Ansaldo. Used widened M15/42 chassis. First 30 were delivered to Italian army.
  • Semovente da 149/40: Self propelled artillery weapon built by Ansaldo on an M15/42 chassis. It had no shield around the gun. It fired a 101 lb projectile 25,919 yards. The first prototype was ready in late 1942.
    Before it entered production the Italians surrendered to the Allies.

Usage

German Use

  • Sturmgeschütz M43 mit 105/25 853(i):Took over by Germans and they had 60 built after Armistice.
  • Panzerbefehlswagen M41 771(i), Panzerbefehlswagen M42 772(i): 16 confiscated from Italian Army in September 1943.

Specifications

  Semovente M42L da 105/25
Crew 3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 35,392 lb
15.7 tons
Length 16' 9"
5.52 m
Height 5' 9"
1.74 m
Width 7.9', 8'
2.4 m, 2.42 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 105 mm L/25
Secondary  
MG 8 mm MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 48
Secondary  
MG 864
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 15-50
Hull Front, Upper 75@0°, 70
Mantlet: 50 round
Late Production: 25@20°+75@0°
Hull Front, Lower 50@55°
Hull Sides, Upper 45@15°
Late Production: 15@0°+45@15°
Hull Sides, Lower 25@0°
Hull Rear 25@0° & 25@13.5°
Hull Top 15@86° & 15@90°
Hull Bottom 15@90°
Engine (Make / Model) 15 TB
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders V-8
Capacity  
Net HP 185 @ 2,400 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward, 1 reverse.
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 38 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 180 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  
  Semovente da 149/40
Crew 2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 52,911 lb
24,000 kg
Length 21.7", 21' 7.8"
6.6 m
Height 5.5', 6' 6.7"
2 m
Width 9' 10", 10'
3 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 16"
Ground contact length 147"
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main Canone da 149/40 modello 35
149 mm Model 35, L/40
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Front: 0.5"
Side: 0.5"
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Engine (Make / Model) SPA
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP 250
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 21.75 mph
35 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type) Dry pin
Length  
Width 15.75"
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch 6"
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 8.6'
  Carro Commando M42
Crew 4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 13.3 tons
Length 5.04 m
Height 1.82 m
Width 2.23 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 13.2 mm MG
Secondary  
MG 8 mm MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 420
Secondary  
MG 1,560
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 30@11°
Hull Front, Lower 30 round
Hull Sides, Upper 25@9°
Hull Sides, Lower 25@0°
Hull Rear 25@0° & 25@9°
Hull Top 15@90°
Hull Bottom 15@90°
Engine (Make / Model) 15 TB
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders V-8
Capacity  
Net HP 185 @ 2,400 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward, 1 reverse.
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 40 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 200 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Italian Medium Tanks in Action, Nicola Pignato, 2001
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site