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Italy's Semovente M42L da 105/25; Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun

Photos

Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun:
Italy's Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun

Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun:
Italy's Semovente da 149/40 self propelled gun

Production

  • Semovente M42L da 105/25: 90
    • Production: 1943 - ?, April 1943 - ?1
    • Manufacturer: Fiat Ansaldo1
  • Semovente da 149/40: 1
    • Production: 1942 - ?
    • Manufacturer: Ansaldo4
  • Carro Commando M42:
    • Manufacturer: FIAT-Ansaldo2

Variants

  • Semovente M42L da 105/25: Built by Fiat-Ansaldo. Used widened M15/42 chassis.1 First 30 were delivered to Italian army.
  • Semovente da 149/40: Self propelled artillery weapon built by Ansaldo on an M15/42 chassis. It had no shield around the gun. It fired a 101 lb projectile 25,919 yards. The first prototype was ready in late 1942.
    Before it entered production the Italians surrendered to the Allies.

Usage

German Use

  • Sturmgeschütz M43 mit 105/25 853(i):Took over by Germans and they had 60 built after Armistice.
  • Panzerbefehlswagen M41 771(i), Panzerbefehlswagen M42 772(i): 16 confiscated from Italian Army in September 1943.2

Specifications

  Semovente M42L da 105/25
Crew 32
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 35,392 lb
15.7 tons2
Length 16' 9"
5.52 m2
Height 5' 9"
1.74 m2
Width 7.9'1, 8'
2.4 m1, 2.42 m2
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 105 mm L/251,2
Secondary  
MG 8 mm MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 482
Secondary  
MG 8642
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 15-501
Hull Front, Upper 75@0°2, 701
Mantlet: 50 round2
Late Production: 25@20°2+75@0°2
Hull Front, Lower 50@55°2
Hull Sides, Upper 45@15°2
Late Production: 15@0°2+45@15°2
Hull Sides, Lower 25@0°2
Hull Rear 25@0°2 & 25@13.5°2
Hull Top 15@86°2 & 15@90°2
Hull Bottom 15@90°2
Engine (Make / Model) 15 TB2
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders V-82
Capacity  
Net HP 1852 @ 2,400 rpm2
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward, 1 reverse.2
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 38 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 180 km2
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  
  Semovente da 149/40
Crew 23
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 52,911 lb3
24,000 kg3
Length 21.7"4, 21' 7.8"3
6.6 m3
Height 5.5'4, 6' 6.7"3
2 m3
Width 9' 10"3, 10'4
3 m3
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 16"4
Ground contact length 147"4
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main Canone da 149/40 modello 353
149 mm Model 35, L/404
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Front: 0.5"4
Side: 0.5"4
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Engine (Make / Model) SPA3
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP 2503
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline3
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 21.75 mph3
35 kph3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type) Dry pin4
Length  
Width 15.75"4
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch 6"4
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 8.6'4
  Carro Commando M42
Crew 42
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 13.3 tons2
Length 5.04 m2
Height 1.82 m2
Width 2.23 m2
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 13.2 mm MG2
Secondary  
MG 8 mm MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 4202
Secondary  
MG 1,5602
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 30@11°2
Hull Front, Lower 30 round2
Hull Sides, Upper 25@9°2
Hull Sides, Lower 25@0°2
Hull Rear 25@0°2 & 25@9°2
Hull Top 15@90°2
Hull Bottom 15@90°2
Engine (Make / Model) 15 TB2
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders V-82
Capacity  
Net HP 1852 @ 2,400 rpm2
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward, 1 reverse.2
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 40 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 200 km2
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Italian Medium Tanks in Action, Nicola Pignato, 2001
  2. Encyclopedia of German Tanks of World War Two, Peter Chamberlain and Hilary Doyle, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site