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Italy's Naval flag

Italy's Raimondo Montecuccoli class / Condottieri class cruisers

Photos

Muzio Attendolo during Operation Pedestal in August 1942:
Muzio Attendolo during Operation Pedestal in August 1942
Imperial War Museum, HU-52345
Muzio Attendolo, on August 13, 1942, after having bow blown off by a 21" torpedo during Operation Pedestal:
Muzio Attendolo, on August 13, 1942, after having bow blown off by a 21" torpedo during Operation Pedestal
Imperial War Museum, HU-2288
Raimondo Montecuccoli during a visit to Australia in 1938:
Raimondo Montecuccoli during a visit to Australia in 1938
State Library of Victoria

Design

The Raimondo Montecuccoli class ships were authorized under the 1930 - 1931 Program / 1930 Program3 and were to be similar to the Da Barbiano class / Cadorna class2 of cruisers.1,2 These had better armor but had similar armament.1,2

Aircraft

There was a single catapult between the funnels to launch the aircraft.1,2

Engines

The forward boiler room contained two boilers.2 The rest of the boilers had their own rooms.2

Ships

Muzio Attendolo

  • Manufacturer: CRDA at Trieste1,2
  • April 10, 1931: Laid down.1,2
  • 19334, September 9, 1934: Launched.1,2,4
  • July 19353, August 7, 1935: Completed.1,2,3
  • September 6, 1935: Member of 7th Cruiser Division.1
  • December 3, 1940: Assigned to protect Albanian shipping routes.1
  • December 9, 1940 - February 19, 1941: Member of 8th Cruiser Division.1
  • December 23, 1940: Transported three battalions of Camicia Nera to Valona.1
  • February 19, 1941: Member of 7th Cruiser Division.1
  • April 1941: Mine laying off Cape Bon.1
  • June 1941: Mine laying off Tripoli.1
  • July 1941: Mine laying in Sicily narrows.1
  • August 21, 1941: Member of 8th Cruiser Division.1
  • August 22 - 28, 1941: Attempted to intercept British convoy apart of Operation Mincemeat.1
  • September 1941: Attempted to intercept British convoy apart of Operation Halberd.1
  • October 7, 1941: Member of 7th Cruiser Division.1
  • August 1942: During British Operation Pedestal had bow blown off by torpedo from HMS Unbroken near the Aeolian islands.1 Sailed to Messina for temporary repairs.1
  • September 6, 1942: Repairs in Naples.1
  • December 19423, December 4, 1942: Sunk by 9th USAAF bombers.1,2,3

Raimondo Montecuccoli

  • Manufacturer: Ansaldo3, Ansaldo at Genoa1,2
  • October 19313, October 1, 1931: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 19314, August 2, 1934: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • June 30, 1935: Completed.1,2
  • August 27 - September 15, 1937: Sailed from Naples to Shanghai.1 Joined minelayer Lepanto and gunboat Carlotto.1
  • January - March 1938: Cruise to Australia, Japan, and Hong Kong.1
  • November 1 - December 7, 1938: Sailed from Shanghai to Naples.1
  • 1938: Refit at La Spezia.1
  • 1938: Member of 8th Cruiser Division, 2nd Squadron.1
  • 1940: Member of 7th Cruiser Division with Muzio Attendolo, Savoia, and Aosta.1
  • 1940: Mine laying, cover for troop convoys.1
  • December 1940: Bombarded Greek forces near Lukova.1
  • April 19 - 24, 1941: Mine laying off Cape Bon.1
  • July 1941: Cover for convoys going from North Africa to Italy.1
  • August 24, 1941: Failed to intercept British Convoy that was part of Operation Mincemeat.1
  • December 16 - 19, 1941: While covering convoy M42 was in First Battle of Sirte.1
  • May 1942: Moved to Cagliari, Sardinia with Savoia.1
  • June 14, 1942: Intercepted British convoy and sank destroyer HMS Bedouin and damaged HMS Partridge.1
  • December 4, 1942: Damaged by 9th USAAF bombers while in Naples.1
  • December - mid 1943: Repairs in Naples.1
  • 1943: 20 mm L/70 twin mounts added.1 Mainmast removed.1
  • August 4, 1943: Bombarded Allies at Palermo.1
  • September 1943: After Italian surrender sailed to Malta then to Alexandria.1
  • September 1943 - May 1945: Used as fast transport.1

Specifications

  Raimondo Montecuccoli class
Crew 5223, 5781, 588 - 6502
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 6,941 tons3, 7,405 tons1,2
Displacement - Loaded 8,000 tons3, 8,853 tons1,2
Length 597' 9"1,2,3
182.2 m1,2
Length - Water Line 577'3
Length - Between Perpendiculars 545'1, 546' 11"2, 575' 3"3
166.7 m1,2
Beam 54' 6"1,2,3
16.6 m1,2
Draft / Height 14' 9"3, 18' 4"1, 19' 8"2
5.6 m1, 6 m2
Performance  
Speed 37 knots1,2,3
Range at 18 knots 4,122 nautical miles1
Armament 6" twin mounts1, 6" L/533: 41, 83
152 mm L/53 Model 1929 twin turrets: 42
Anti-Aircraft 3.9" twin mounts1 , 3.9" L/453, 100 mm L/472 twin mounts: 31,2, 63
37 mm3, 37 mm L/54 twin mounts: 41,2, 83
13.2 mm machine guns twin mounts: 41,2
Torpedo Tubes 21"1,3, 533 mm2: 2 mounts with 2 tubes each1,2, 43
Aircraft 21,2
Mines 961
Depth Charge - Launchers 21,3
Depth Charges 121
Armor  
Barbettes 3 cm - 5 cm2
Belt - Machinery 2.5 cm1
Belt - Magazines 3 cm1
Belt - Main 6 cm1, 6 cm + 2.5 cm2
Bulkheads 2 cm - 4 cm2, 2.5 cm1
Control Tower 4 cm - 10 cm2, 10 cm1
Deck - Main 2 cm - 3 cm2, 3 cm1
Turrets 7 cm1,2
Engines  
Boilers 63
Yarrow: 61,2
Shafts 21,2,3
Turbines Belluzzo geared1,2,3
HP 106,0001,2,3
Oil 500 tons - 1,200 tons3, 1,180 tons1, 1,297 tons2
  Muzio Attendolo
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement - Loaded 8,848 tons1,2
Length - Between Perpendiculars 545' 3"2
166.2 m2
Performance  
Range at 18 knots 4,411 nautical miles1
Engines  
Oil 1,118 tons1, 1,275 tons2

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site