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Italy's Naval flag

Italy's Etna class Cruisers

Design

The Etna class ships and nine torpedo boats were ordered by Siam in 1938.

Construction continued until December 1941 when the Italian government took over the ships and wanted to convert them into anti-aircraft cruisers that could carry cargo. On August 6, 1942, new designs were given to the shipyards and the ships were renamed.

Soldiers could be carried in a deckhouse that was located where the catapult would have gone. Four cargo holds were installed and collapsible crane derricks were used to move cargo in and out of the four cargo holds.

Engines

Each of the boilers were installed into their own space.

Ships

Etna

  • Formerly: Taksin
  • Manufacturer: CRDA at Trieste
  • September 23, 1939: Laid down.
  • May 28, 1942: Launched.
  • September 10, 1943: Captured by Germans. 53% / 60% complete.

Vesuvio

  • Formerly: Naresuan
  • Manufacturer: CRDA at Trieste
  • August 26, 1939: Laid down.
  • August 6, 1941: Launched.
  • September 10, 1943: Captured by Germans. 53% / 60% complete.

Specifications

  Etna class
Crew 580
Displacement 5,900 tons, 6,000 tons
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length 504' 7", 507' 7"
153.8 m
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars 462' 7", 462' 9"
141 m
Beam 47' 6"
14.47 m
Draft / Height 19' 6"
5.95 m
Performance  
Speed 28 knots
Range  
Armament 5.3" L/45 Model 1938 twin turrets, 135 mm L/45 Model 1938 twin turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 65 mm L/64, 65 mm L/64 Model 1939: 10
20 mm L/65 twin mounts, 20 mm Breda RM35 twin mounts: 10
Torpedo Tubes 0
Aircraft 0
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main 6 cm
Bulkheads  
Control Tower  
Deck - Main 2 cm - 3.5 cm
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers 3
Shafts 2
Turbines Parsons geared, Parsons SP geared
HP 40,000
Oil  

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site