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Italy's Naval flag

Italy's Capitani Romani class cruisers

Photos

Scipione Africano:
Scipione Africano
US Navy

Design

To counter the French La Fantasque and Mogador class of contre-torpilleurs the Italian Navy wanted a high speed light cruiser with minimal protection.1,2,4,5 Only three of the twelve were completed.1

Armament

  Elevation Shell Weight Rate of Fire Range
5.3" / 135 mm L/45 Ansaldo1
5.3" / 135 mm L/45 OTO Model 19381
135 mm L/45 Model 19382
45°1,2 32.7 kg1 6 rpm2 21,400 yards2, 21,430 yards1
19,600 m1

Instead of the normal side by side torpedo tube arrangement, the Capitani Romani class had two on top of two.2

Engines

There were two boilers and a turbine placed in separate groups.2 One being forward and the other aft.2

Ships

Attilio Regolo

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn2,3, OTO at Livornio1
  • September 19393, September 28, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 19404,5, August 28, 1940: Launched.1,2,4,5
  • 19423, May 14, 1942: Completed.1,2,3
  • August 1942: Laid mines south of Sicily.1 On return to Palermo lost its bow to a torpedo from the HMS Unruffled.1
  • November 1942: Palermo for repairs.1
  • Mid-1943: Repairs finished and joined 8th Division.1
  • September 1943: Sailed to Port Mahon and interned.1
  • January 19, 1945: Sailed to Algiers to surrender.1

Ciao Mario, Caio Mario2,3

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn2,3, OTO at Livorno1
  • September 19392,3, September 28, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • August 17, 1941: Launched.1,2
  • ?: Became fuel storage depot.1
  • 1944: Scuttled by Germans.1,2

Claudio Druso

  • Manufacturer: CdT at Riva Trigoso1, CT at Riva Trigoso2, Tirreno3
  • September 19392,3, September 27, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 1941, 1941 - 19422: Broken up on slip.1,2

Claudio Tiberio

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn2, OTO at Livorno1, OTO at Spezia3
  • 19393, September 28, 19392, September 16, 1940: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 1941, 1941 - 19422: Broken up on slip.1,2

Cornelio Silla

  • Manufacturer: Ansaldo3, Ansaldo at Genoa1,2
  • October 19393, October 12, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • June 28, 1941: Launched.1,2
  • ?: 84% completed.1
  • ?: Engines put into aircraft carrier Aquila.1
  • July 1944: Heavily damaged in Allied bombing raid.1,2

Giulio Germanico

  • Manufacturer: Castellamare1, CCS2, Navalmeccanica at Castellammare3
  • April 19393, April 3, 19392, May 11, 1940: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 19414,5, July 20, 1941, July 26, 19412: Launched.1,2,4,5
  • ?: 94% completed.1
  • September 11, 1943: Surrendered to Germans.1
  • September 28, 1944: Scuttled by Germans.1

Ottaviano Augusto

  • Manufacturer: CNR at Ancona1,2, Riuniti at Ancona3
  • September 23, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • April 28, 19412, May 31, 1942: Launched.1,2
  • November 1, 1943: Sunk in Allied bombing raid.1,2

Paolo Emilio

  • Manufacturer: Ansaldo3, Ansaldo at Genoa1,2
  • October 19393, October 12, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 1941, 1941 - 19422: Broken up on slip.1,2

Pompeo Magno

  • Manufacturer: CNR at Ancona1,2, Riuniti at Ancona3
  • September 23, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 19414,5, August 24, 19412, August 28, 1941: Launched.1,2,4.5
  • June 4, 19432, June 24, 1943: Completed.1,2
  • September 9, 1943: Sailed from Taranto to Malta to surrender.1
  • October 4, 1943: Arrived in Taranto.1 Became training, high speed transport, and repatriation vessel.1

Scipione Africano

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn2,3, OTO at Livorno1
  • September 19393, September 28, 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 19414,5, January 12, 1941: Launched.1,2,4,5
  • April 23, 1943: Completed.1,2
  • July 15, 1943: Ordered to Taranto.1
  • July 17, 1943: While sailing through Straits of Messina was attacked by four British MTBs at night.1 Sank MTB 316.1
  • July 18, 1943: Arrived in Taranto.1
  • August 4 - 17, 1943: Laid mines off Calabria and the Gulf of Taranto.1
  • September 29, 1943: Carried Marshal Badoglio to formal surrender ceremony on Malta.1
  • February 1, 1944: Member of 7th Squadron.1 Became training and high speed transport.1

Ulpio Traiano

  • Manufacturer: CNR at Palermo1,2, Riuniti at Palermo3
  • September 19393, September 23, 1939, September 28, 19392: Laid down.1,2,3
  • November 30, 1942: Launched.1,2
  • January 3, 1943: Sunk by British charioteers in Palermo.1,2

Vipsanio Agrippa

  • Manufacturer: CdT at Riva Trigoso1, CT at Riva Trigoso2, Tirreno3
  • October 1939: Laid down.1,2,3
  • 1941, 1941 - 19422: Broken up on slip.1,2

Specifications

  Capitani Romani class, Regolo class3
Crew 4181,2,5, 4254
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 3,362 tons3, 3,685 tons5, 3,686 tons1,2, 3,750 tons4
Displacement - Loaded 5,334 tons1,2, 5,335 tons5, 5,400 tons4
Length 468' 6"4, 468' 9"1, 468' 10"2,5
142.2 m4, 142.9 m1,2,5
Length - Water Line 444' 3"3
Length - Between Perpendiculars 455'1,2
138.7 m1,2
Beam 44' "3, 47' 3"1,2,4,5
14.4 m1,2,4,5
Draft / Height 13'3, 13' 5"4,5, 16'1,2
4.1 m4,5, 4.87 m1, 4.9 m2
Performance  
Speed 40 knots1,2, 40+ knots4, 41 knots3
Range at 25 knots 3,000 nautical miles1
Armament 5.3" / 135 mm L/45 Ansaldo twin turrets1, 135 mm L/45 Model 1938 twin turrets2, 5.31" / 135 mm twin turrets5, 5.3" L/453, 5.3" / 135 mm4: 41,2,5, 83,4
OR 5.3" / 135 mm L/45 OTO Model 1938 twin turrets1: 41
Anti-Aircraft 65 mm: 63
37 mm twin mounts1, 37 mm L/542, 37 mm4,5: 41, 82,4,5
20 mm twin mounts1, 20 mm L/70 twin mounts2, 20 mm4,5: 41,2, 84,5
Machine Guns3: 143
Torpedo Tubes 21"1,3,4,5, 533 mm2,4,5: 2 mounts 4 tubes each1,2, 83,4,5
Depth Charges 242
Mines 114 - 1302, 1301
Aircraft 01,4
Armor  
Turrets 2 cm2
Engines  
Boilers 43
Thornycroft: 41,2
Shafts 21,2,3,4,5
Turbines Belluzzo geared2, Belluzzo SR geared1, Geared3,4,5
HP 110,0001,2,4,5, 120,0003
Oil 1,387 tons2, 1,400 tons1
  Ottaviano Augusto
Engines  
Turbines Parsons geared1,2
  Pompeo Magno
Engines  
Turbines Parsons geared1,2

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. The Encyclopedia of Warships from World War II to the Present Day, Robert Jackson, 2006
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site