World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Italy's Naval flag

Italy's Capitani Romani class cruisers

Photos

Scipione Africano:
Scipione Africano
US Navy

Design

To counter the French La Fantasque and Mogador class of contre-torpilleurs the Italian Navy wanted a high speed light cruiser with minimal protection. Only three of the twelve were completed.

Armament

  Elevation Shell Weight Rate of Fire Range
5.3" / 135 mm L/45 Ansaldo
5.3" / 135 mm L/45 OTO Model 1938
135 mm L/45 Model 1938
45° 32.7 kg 6 rpm 21,400 yards, 21,430 yards
19,600 m

Instead of the normal side by side torpedo tube arrangement, the Capitani Romani class had two on top of two.

Engines

There were two boilers and a turbine placed in separate groups. One being forward and the other aft.

Ships

Attilio Regolo

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn, OTO at Livornio
  • September 1939, September 28, 1939: Laid down.
  • 1940, August 28, 1940: Launched.
  • 1942, May 14, 1942: Completed.
  • August 1942: Laid mines south of Sicily. On return to Palermo lost its bow to a torpedo from the HMS Unruffled.
  • November 1942: Palermo for repairs.
  • Mid-1943: Repairs finished and joined 8th Division.
  • September 1943: Sailed to Port Mahon and interned.
  • January 19, 1945: Sailed to Algiers to surrender.

Ciao Mario, Caio Mario

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn, OTO at Livorno
  • September 1939, September 28, 1939: Laid down.
  • August 17, 1941: Launched.
  • ?: Became fuel storage depot.
  • 1944: Scuttled by Germans.

Claudio Druso

  • Manufacturer: CdT at Riva Trigoso, CT at Riva Trigoso, Tirreno
  • September 1939, September 27, 1939: Laid down.
  • 1941, 1941 - 1942: Broken up on slip.

Claudio Tiberio

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn, OTO at Livorno, OTO at Spezia
  • 1939, September 28, 1939, September 16, 1940: Laid down.
  • 1941, 1941 - 1942: Broken up on slip.

Cornelio Silla

  • Manufacturer: Ansaldo, Ansaldo at Genoa
  • October 1939, October 12, 1939: Laid down.
  • June 28, 1941: Launched.
  • ?: 84% completed.
  • ?: Engines put into aircraft carrier Aquila.
  • July 1944: Heavily damaged in Allied bombing raid.

Giulio Germanico

  • Manufacturer: Castellamare, CCS, Navalmeccanica at Castellammare
  • April 1939, April 3, 1939, May 11, 1940: Laid down.
  • 1941, July 20, 1941, July 26, 1941: Launched.
  • ?: 94% completed.
  • September 11, 1943: Surrendered to Germans.
  • September 28, 1944: Scuttled by Germans.

Ottaviano Augusto

  • Manufacturer: CNR at Ancona, Riuniti at Ancona
  • September 23, 1939: Laid down.
  • April 28, 1941, May 31, 1942: Launched.
  • November 1, 1943: Sunk in Allied bombing raid.

Paolo Emilio

  • Manufacturer: Ansaldo, Ansaldo at Genoa
  • October 1939, October 12, 1939: Laid down.
  • 1941, 1941 - 1942: Broken up on slip.

Pompeo Magno

  • Manufacturer: CNR at Ancona, Riuniti at Ancona
  • September 23, 1939: Laid down.
  • 1941, August 24, 1941, August 28, 1941: Launched.
  • June 4, 1943, June 24, 1943: Completed.
  • September 9, 1943: Sailed from Taranto to Malta to surrender.
  • October 4, 1943: Arrived in Taranto. Became training, high speed transport, and repatriation vessel.

Scipione Africano

  • Manufacturer: OTO at Leghorn, OTO at Livorno
  • September 1939, September 28, 1939: Laid down.
  • 1941, January 12, 1941: Launched.
  • April 23, 1943: Completed.
  • July 15, 1943: Ordered to Taranto.
  • July 17, 1943: While sailing through Straits of Messina was attacked by four British MTBs at night. Sank MTB 316.
  • July 18, 1943: Arrived in Taranto.
  • August 4 - 17, 1943: Laid mines off Calabria and the Gulf of Taranto.
  • September 29, 1943: Carried Marshal Badoglio to formal surrender ceremony on Malta.
  • February 1, 1944: Member of 7th Squadron. Became training and high speed transport.

Ulpio Traiano

  • Manufacturer: CNR at Palermo, Riuniti at Palermo
  • September 1939, September 23, 1939, September 28, 1939: Laid down.
  • November 30, 1942: Launched.
  • January 3, 1943: Sunk by British charioteers in Palermo.

Vipsanio Agrippa

  • Manufacturer: CdT at Riva Trigoso, CT at Riva Trigoso, Tirreno
  • October 1939: Laid down.
  • 1941, 1941 - 1942: Broken up on slip.

Specifications

  Capitani Romani class, Regolo class
Crew 418, 425
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 3,362 tons, 3,685 tons, 3,686 tons, 3,750 tons
Displacement - Loaded 5,334 tons, 5,335 tons, 5,400 tons
Length 468' 6", 468' 9", 468' 10"
142.2 m, 142.9 m
Length - Water Line 444' 3"
Length - Between Perpendiculars 455'
138.7 m
Beam 44' ", 47' 3"
14.4 m
Draft / Height 13', 13' 5", 16'
4.1 m, 4.87 m, 4.9 m
Performance  
Speed 40 knots, 40+ knots, 41 knots
Range at 25 knots 3,000 nautical miles
Armament 5.3" / 135 mm L/45 Ansaldo twin turrets, 135 mm L/45 Model 1938 twin turrets, 5.31" / 135 mm twin turrets, 5.3" L/45, 5.3" / 135 mm: 4, 8
OR 5.3" / 135 mm L/45 OTO Model 1938 twin turrets: 4
Anti-Aircraft 65 mm: 6
37 mm twin mounts, 37 mm L/54, 37 mm: 4, 8
20 mm twin mounts, 20 mm L/70 twin mounts, 20 mm: 4, 8
Machine Guns: 14
Torpedo Tubes 21", 533 mm: 2 mounts 4 tubes each, 8
Depth Charges 24
Mines 114 - 130, 130
Aircraft 0
Armor  
Turrets 2 cm
Engines  
Boilers 4
Thornycroft: 4
Shafts 2
Turbines Belluzzo geared, Belluzzo SR geared, Geared
HP 110,000, 120,000
Oil 1,387 tons, 1,400 tons
  Ottaviano Augusto
Engines  
Turbines Parsons geared
  Pompeo Magno
Engines  
Turbines Parsons geared

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. The Encyclopedia of Warships from World War II to the Present Day, Robert Jackson, 2006
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site