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Italy's Naval flag

Italy's Abruzzi class / Condottieri class cruisers

Design

There were the last of the Condottieri group of classes. The Abruzzi class were built under the 1932 - 1933 Program. The Abruzzi class were to be an improvement on the Duca D'Aosta class of cruisers by having heavier protection. However, this caused the ships to be much slower.

Aircraft

There were one / two catapults located next to the aft funnel.

Armament

There A and Y turrets had three guns each while the B and Z turrets had two.

  Rate of Fire Shell Weight Range
152 mm L/55 Model 1936 4 - 5 rpm 110 lb 27,000 yards at 45°

Engines

The boilers were paired into four separate spaces.

Ships

Giuseppe Garibaldi

  • Manufacturer: C.R. dell' Adriatico, CRDA at Trieste
  • December 1933: Laid down.
  • 1933, April 21, 1936: Launched.
  • 1937, December 20, 1937: Completed.
  • December 1937: Member of 8th Division, 1st Squadron.
  • 1938: Spanish Civil War.
  • 1939: Portugal.
  • April 7, 1939: Transported troops to Durazzo for Albania occupation.
  • June 12 - 14, 1940: Sortied against British forces.
  • July 1940: Battle of Punto Stilo / Calabria.
  • September 1940: Failed to intercept British cruisers transporting troops from Alexandria to Malta in Operation Hats.
  • December 1940 - March 1941: Based in Adriatic covering Italian invasion of Greece.
  • March 4, 1941: Bombarded Pikerasi. Attacked by British aircraft.
  • March 26, 1941: Raid in Cretan waters with Italian battleships.
  • May 1941: Escorted North African convoys.
  • July 23 - 24, 1941: Attempted to intercept British forces in Operation Substance.
  • July 27, 1941: Sailed with Montecuccoli and destroyers from Palermo to escort Libya bound convoy.
  • July 28, 1941: Heavily damaged by torpedo from HMS Upholder near Marettimo. Returned to Palermo.
  • August - November 1941: Naples for repairs.
  • November 22, 1941: Escorting convoy when attacked by British aircraft based in Malta.
  • 1942: Moved to Taranto.
  • July 1942: Moved to Navarino.
  • November 1942: Moved to Taranto.
  • August 6, 1943: Sortied to attack Palermo. British submarines fired torpedoes but hit and sank the destroyer Gioberti.
  • September 1943: Surrendered in Malta.
  • 1943: 13.2 mm machine guns replaced by five 20 mm L/54 twin mounts.
  • March 7 - 18, 1944: Sailed to Freetown. Moved to Freetown to do anti-blockade runner duties.
  • March 25, 1944: Sailed to Italy.
  • 1945, 1945 - 1946: Aircraft equipment and torpedo tubes removed.

Luigi Di Savoia Duca Degli Abruzzi

  • Manufacturer: Odero-Terni-Orlando, OTO at La Spezia, OTO at Muggiano
  • December 1933, December 28, 1933: Laid down.
  • 1933, April 21, 1936: Launched.
  • 1937, December 1, 1937: Completed.
  • December 1937: Member of 8th Division, 1st Squadron.
  • 1938: Spanish Civil War.
  • 1939: Portugal.
  • 1939: Flagship of 8th Division.
  • June 12 - 14, 1940: Sortied against British forces.
  • July 1940: Battle of Punto Stilo / Calabria.
  • September 1940: Failed to intercept British cruisers transporting troops from Alexandria to Malta in Operation Hats.
  • December 1940 - March 1941: Based in Adriatic covering Italian invasion of Greece.
  • March 4, 1941: Bombarded Pikerasi. Attacked by British aircraft.
  • March 26, 1941: Raid in Cretan waters with Italian battleships.
  • May 1941: Escorted North African convoys.
  • May 1941: Torpedoes from HMS Urge missed.
  • August - September 1941: Attempted to intercept British forces during Operation Mincemeat and Halberd.
  • November 22, 1941: Escorting convoy when attacked by British aircraft based in Malta. Stern blown off by torpedo. Towed to Messina.
  • July 1942: Moved to Navarino.
  • November 1942: Moved to Taranto.
  • September 1943: Surrendered in Malta.
  • October 27 - November 13, 1943: Sailed from Taranto to Freetown. Anti-blockade runner.
  • 1943: 13.2 mm machine guns replaced by five 20 mm L/54 twin mounts.
  • November 29, 1943 - February 7, 1944: Conducted five patrols.
  • April 16 - 29, 1944: Sailed from Freetown to Taranto. Became trainer and high speed transport.
  • 1945, 1945 - 1946: Aircraft equipment and torpedo tubes removed.

Specifications

  Abruzzi class, Garibaldi class, Condottieri class
Crew 600, 640, 640 - 692, 900
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 8,605 tons, 9,195 tons, 9,440 tons
Displacement - Loaded 11,260 tons, 11,776 tons, 11,575 tons
Length 612' 5", 613' 6", 613' 9"
187 m
Length - Water Line 593'
Length - Between Perpendiculars 563' 6", 563' 7"
171.8 m
Beam 61', 61' 11", 62'
18.9 m
Draft / Height 17', 20', 22' 4"
5.2 m, 6.1 m, 6.8 m
Performance  
Speed 32 knots, 33.5 knots, 34 knots
Range at 12.7 knots 4,125 nautical miles
Armament 6" / 15.2 cm, 6" L/53 : 10
6" / 152 mm L/55 Model 1934 Ansaldo twin mounts, 152 mm L/55 Model 1936 twin mounts: 2
6" / 152 mm L/55 Model 1934 Ansaldo triple mounts, 152 mm L/55 Model 1936 triple mounts: 2
Anti-Aircraft 3.9" / 10 cm, 3.9" L/47: 8
3.9" twin mounts, 100 mm L/45 twin mounts: 4
37 mm: 8
37 mm twin mounts, 37 mm L/54 twin mounts: 4
20 mm: 10
13.2 mm machine gun twin mounts: 4
Machine Guns: 2 - 6
Torpedo Tubes 21", 533 mm: 2 mounts 3 tubes each, 6
Depth Charge Thrower 2
Aircraft 2, 4
Mines 80 - 108
Armor  
Barbettes 3 cm - 10 cm
Belt - Main 1.5" - 4.5", 5.1"
10 cm, 10 cm + 3 cm, 13 cm
Bulkheads 10 cm + 3 cm
Control Tower 5"
3 cm - 10 cm, 14 cm
Deck - Main 1.6", 2.5"
3 cm - 4 cm, 4 cm
Turrets 4", 5.3"
13.5 cm
Engines  
Boilers 8
Yarrow: 8
Shafts 2
Turbines Parsons geared
HP 100,000, 102,000
Oil 1,650 tons, 1,680 tons, 1,700 tons
  Giuseppe Garibaldi
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 8,134 tons, 9,050 tons
Displacement - Loaded 11,117 tons
  Luigi Di Savoia Duca Degli Abruzzi
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 3.9" L/47: 10

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site