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Italy's Caproni Ca.313 reconnaissance

Design

The Caproni Ca.313 was delayed because of difficulties in getting the Isotta-Fraschini engines ready.1

The engines were inline and thus provided for an improved aerodynamics.1

Cabin

The pilot and co-pilot (or navigator) sat in the transparent nose with the bombardier.2 There were two sets of controls.2

The gunner was positioned behind the pilots.2

Fuselage

The Ca.313 had two steel tube frames that were bolted together.2 These were covered by fabric.2

Landing Gear

The hydraulically operated landing gear on the Ca.313 retracted backwards into the engine nacelles.2 They could be hand cranked in an emergency.2

Tail

The tail had a wood frame with a fabric covering.2

Wings

The Ca.313 had a low cantilever wing that was constructed from wood.2 The portions between the spars were made watertight and could help in floating in water if it had to made an emergency water landing.2

Prototype

A modified Ca.310 with Isotta-Frashini Asso 120 IRCC 40 engines became the prototype for the Ca.313.5 The Caproni Ca.313 prototype first flew in December 22, 19395 / 1940.3

Production

On October 1, 1939, France ordered 200 Ca.313s.5 Great Britain ordered 300 and Sweden ordered 64.5

  • Caproni Ca.313: 2151
    • Production: 1940 - ?1
  • Caproni Ca.313G: 33
  • Manufacturer: Società Italiana Caproni1

Variants

  • Ca.313: Used by Sweden.4
  • Ca.313F: Five delivered to France.5
  • Ca.313G: Built for the Luftwaffe to be used as a trainer and liaison aircraft.3,4 Took around 23,000 man hours to complete.4

Usage

The Ca.313s had many faults in the hydraulic and electrical systems mainly due to poor components being used.3

Units

The Ca.313 was used with the 13°, 15°, 19°, and 41° Stormi.3 They were also used by the CSIR on the Eastern Front.3

Sweden

Sweden received 82 of the 90 ordered in 1940.3 Due to malfunctions the Swedes lost 44 airmen.3

Designations:

  • B 16: Bomber3
  • S 16: Reconnaissance3
  • T 16: Torpedo Bomber3
  • Tp 16: Transport3

Post World War II

After World War II some Ca.313s and Ca.314s were used into the 1950s.1 Ten were ordered by the Italian Air Force in 1947.3

Specifications

  Caproni Ca.313
Type Light Reconnaissance Bomber2, Reconniassance1, Transport4, Torpedo bomber4
Crew 31, 3 - 42
Pilot, co-pilot / navigator, bombardier, gunner2
Engine (Type) 2: Isotta-Fraschini Delta RC 351,2,3
Cylinders V 121, Inverted V 122,3
HP 650 each2, 700 each1
Cooling Air1,2
Dimensions  
Span 53' 6"2, 54' 8"1
16.3 m2
Length 38' 9"2, 39' 9"1
11.8 m2
Height 12' 2"1, 14' 4"2
4.37 m2
Weight  
Empty 9,832 lb3
Loaded 12,450 lb2, 13,020 lb1, 13,477 lb3
5,652 kg2
Performance  
Speed 248 mph2
397 kph2
Speed at 11,500' 271 mph1
Speed at 16,500' 268 mph3
Speed - Cruising 217 mph3
Service ceiling 22,300'2, 23,950'1, 29,035'3
6,800 m2
Range 746 miles1, 795 miles3
Armament 3: 7.7 mm MG1
Cabin - Roof 1: MG2 , 7.7 mm3
Turret - Dorsal 1: 12.7 mm3
Ventral 1: 7.7 mm3
Wings 2: 12.7 mm3
Wing - Port 1: MG2
Bombs 880 lb1, 1,100 lb3

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  3. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
  4. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
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