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Italy's Caproni Ca.311 Libeccio reconnaissance

Photos

  • Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance
  • Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance

Design

Starting in 1936 the Società Italiana Caproni produced five different models of two engine reconnaissance planes.1 Almost 1,700 were constructed.1

The Ca.311 was to replace the Ro.37 reconnaissance plane.1 It was based on the Ca.310bis.3

Production

  • Caproni Ca.309:
  • Caproni Ca.310:
    • Production: 1937 - ?1
  • Caproni Ca.311 Libeccio:
    • Production: 1937 - ?1
  • Caproni Ca.313: 2151
    • Production: 1940 - ?1
  • Caproni Ca.314: 4251
  • Total of all models of Capronis: 1,6931
  • Manufacturer: Società Italiana Caproni1

Variants

  • Caproni Ca.309: Low wing plane with a composite cover.1 Had three machine guns and could carry 650 lb of bombs.1 Had two Alfa Romeo 115 (195 HP) air cooled engines.1 Used in Africa until 1942.1
  • Caproni Ca.310:
  • Caproni Ca.311: Had glazed nose for bombing and reconnaissance.4
  • Caproni Ca.311 Libeccio: Had larger side windows.1
  • Caproni Ca.311M (Modificato): Had stepped cockpit windows.3
  • Caproni Ca.312: Floatplane version.2
  • Caproni Ca.313:
  • Caproni Ca.314:

Usage

Exports of the Ca.310

The Ca.310 was bought by Hungary, Norway, Yugoslavia, and some South American countries.1

Units

  • Soviet Union: 61° and 71° Gruppi Osservazione Aerea5
  • Croatio: 61° and 63° Gruppi Osservazione Aera5
  • North Africa: 68° and 69° Gruppi Osservazione Aera5

Specifications

  Ca.311
Type Reconniassance1,2
Crew 31
Engine (Type) 2: Piaggio P.VII RC 351,5
2: Piaggio P.XVI2
Cylinders Radial2, Radial 71
HP P.VII: 470 each1, 500 each5
P.XVI: 650 each2
Cooling Air1
Dimensions  
Span 53' 1"1, 53' 10"2
Length 38' 6"1, 38' 6.125"5, 40' 4"2
Height 10' 6"2,5, 12' 1"1
Weight  
Empty 8,020 lb5
Loaded 10,645 lb1, 11,062 lb5, 12,300 lb2
Performance  
Speed 217 mph5, 227 mph1, 260 mph2
Cruising Speed 186 mph5
Service ceiling 24,280'1
Range 800 - 1,200 miles5, 990 miles1, 1,250 miles2
Armament 3: 7.7 mm MG1
Caproni Lanciani Turret - Dorsal 1: 7.7 mm / .303" MG3,5
Wing - Port 1: 7.7 mm / .303" MG3,5
Ventral Hatch 1: 7.7 mm / .303" MG3,5
Bombs 880 lb1,5
  Ca.311M
Dimensions  
Length 39' 8.5"5

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  5. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site