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Italy's Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 ground attack

Photos

  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 ground attack
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 ground attack

Design

The Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 were designed in 1936.

Air Brakes

The air brakes were in the trailing edge of the wings.

Construction

The SM.85s were constructed from metal and wood.

Prototype

The SM.85 prototype first flew in 1938.

Production

  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 pre-production: 33
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.86 prototype: 1

Variants

  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.85:
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 ?: Was to have two Piaggio P.X R.C.40 engines but was never built.
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.86: More aerodynamic than SM.85 with a cleaner fuselage and tail surfaces.

Usage

Units

The 96° Gruppo B.T., at Pantelleria, were assigned 33 of the pre-production SM.85s from 1939 - 1940. Junkers Ju 87Bs soon replaced them.

Specifications

  Savoia-Marchetti SM.85
Type Ground attack
Crew 1
Engine (Type) 2: Piaggio P.VII R.C.35
2: Piaggio P.X RC40
HP RC35: 500 each
RC40: 1,000 each
Cylinders RC35: Radial 7
Cooling Air
Dimensions  
Span 48' 11 1/8", 52' 6"
Length 34' 5 1/3", 41' 4"
Height 10' 9 7/8", 13' 3"
Wing area 277.7 sq ft
Weight  
Empty 6,504 lb
Loaded 9,237 lb
Performance  
Speed 228 mph
RC40: 317 mph, 320 mph
Speed - Cruising 193 mph
Climb to 13,120' 13 minutes 19 seconds
Service Ceiling 19,190'
Armament 1: MG
Nose 1: 12.7 mm
OR 2: 7.7 mm
Bombs 1: 550 lb
OR 1: 1,100 lb
  Savoia-Marchetti SM.86
Type Ground attack
Crew 1
Engine (Type) 2: Isotta-Fraschini Delta R.C.40
Cylinders Inverted V-12
HP 750 each
Cooling Air
Dimensions  
Length 35' 9 1/8"
Weight  
Loaded 11,193 lb
Performance  
Speed 256 mph

Sources:

  1. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  2. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site