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Italy's Fiat CANSA FC.20 attack

Photos

  • FIAT Cansa FC.20 ground attack

 

Design

Originally designed as a reconnaissance aircraft the Fiat CANSA FC.20 was made into an interceptor and ground attack aircraft.

The FC.20 was a mid-wing monoplane that had an all metal structure and a composite cover.

Prototype

Two of the FC.20's prototypes were completed in 1940. One was a ground attack aircraft and the other reconnaissance. A 37 mm cannon was installed in the ground attack aircraft but it failed to live up to expectations. It was then decided to make the FC.20 an interceptor.

Moroni first flew the FC.20 in 1941.

CANSA FC.20quater

The FC.20quater was tested in 1943.

Production

  • Prototypes: 2
  • Fiat CANSA FC.20 pre-series: 10
  • Manufacturer: CANSA

Variants

  • CANSA FC.20: Reconnaissance bomber.
  • CANSA FC.20bis: Ground attack. Fuselage was shorter with the cockpit moved to be forward of the wings.
  • CANSA FC.20ter: Longer nose that was glazed. The cockpit was moved towards the rear.
  • CANSA FC.20quater: Ground attack.

Usage

The FC.20 was difficult to handle and unstable in flight.

Units

The 174a Squadriglia Ricognizione Strategica, at Cerveteri, received three FC.20bis in July 1943 but were never used in operations.

Specifications

  FC.20
Type Attack, Reconnaissance Bomber
Crew 2 - 3
Engine (Type) 2: Fiat A.74 R.C.38
Cylinders Radial 14
HP 840 each
Cooling Air
Dimensions  
Span 52' 6"
Length 39' 11"
Height 13' 2"
Wing area 419.6 sq ft
Weight  
Loaded 13,950 lb
Performance  
Speed 292 mph
Speed at 14,700' 261 mph
Service Ceiling 24,110', 26,000'
Range 715 miles, 807 miles
Armament 3: MG
1: 37 mm
  FC.20bis
Type Ground Attack
Dimensions  
Span 52' 6"
Length 39' 11.5"
Height 12' 6"
Wing area 430.4 sq ft
Weight  
Loaded 15,035 lb
Performance  
Speed 261 mph
Speed - Cruising 211 mph
Service Ceiling 22,750'
Range 715 miles
Armament  
Nose 1: 37 mm Breda
Turret - Dorsal 1: 12.7 mm
Wing Roots 2: 12.7 mm
Bombs - Outboard Wings 2: 352 lb
Bombs - Internal 126: 4.4 lb anti-personnel
  FC.20ter
Engine (Type) 2: FIAT A.80 R.C.41
HP 1,000 each
Cooling Air
  FC.20quater
Type Ground Attack
Engine (Type) 2: FIAT R.A.1000 (licensed Daimler-Benz DB601)
HP 1,250 each
Cooling Liquid
Weight  
Loaded 15,730 lb
Performance  
Speed 311 mph
Service Ceiling 26,000'
Range 578 miles
Armament  
Nose 37 mm Mauser Ikarai
Wing Roots 20 mm

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site