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Italy's Breda Ba.88 ground attack
Nickname: Lince (Lynx)

Photos

  • Breda Ba.88 Lince ground-attack
  • Breda Ba.88 Lince ground-attack
  • Breda Ba.88 Lince ground-attack

Design

The Breda Ba.88 was designed to be a heavy fighter and a ground assault aircraft.1,2 It was touted by the Mussolini government as being a great aircraft.4

When the armament was installed its performance suffered.1 The Breda Ba.88 didn't perform well in combat.1,3

Tail

The production model had a twin tail.4

Ba.88M Modification

On September 7, 1943, these were delivered to the 103° Gruppo Autonomo Tuffatori at Lonate Pozzola and tested by Luftwaffe pilots.3,4

Prototypes

The prototype had a Isotta-Fraschini K.14 radial engine.4 The prototype had a single tail.4

Production

  • Breda Ba.88: 1001, 1054
    • Manufacturer: Società Italiana Ernesto Breda1,4, I.M.A.M.4
  • Breda Ba.88M: 3 modified Ba.884
    • Cascina Costa at Varese4

Variants

  • Breda Ba.88:
  • Breda Ba.88M: In 1942 three Ba.88s were modified.3,4 Dive brakes similar to a Ju 87 were installed.4

Usage

The Breda Ba.88 first appeared in early 1937 and proceeded to break the record for speed over 60 miles, 325 mph, and over 625 miles, 300 mph.1,3 With a one ton cargo it flew 330 mph1
Furio Niclot flew the prototype carrying 2,205 lb for 62.1 miles at 344.5 mph and then 621 miles at 326.3 mph.4

France

Twelve Ba.88s of the 19° Gruppo Autonomo attacked Corsican airfields on June 16, 1940.3 The attacks were ineffective.3

North Africa

The Ba.88s were sent to Libya, joined the 7° Gruppo Autonomo, and were in combat in mid 1940.1,3,4 The engines often overheated.3

In September 1940 they were sent to attack Sidi Barrani but it had to be aborted as the aircraft couldn't gain altitude and speeds were half what they were supposed to be.3

They were sent back to Italy to mislead Allied reconnaissance.1 Some had their armament removed and placed around various airfields as decoys.3

Specifications

  Ba.88
Type Attack1, Attack Bomber4, Fighter2, Fighter-Bomber3, Light bomber2, Reconnaissance3
Crew 21,4
Engine (Type) 2: Piaggio P.XI RC 401,2,3,4
HP 1,000 each1,2,3
Cylinders Radial3, Radial 141
Cooling Air1
Dimensions  
Span 50' 10"2, 51' 2"1, 51' 2.125"4, 51' 2.2"3
15.6 m3
Length 35' 4.8"3, 35' 5"1,4, 37' 8"2
10.79 m3
Height 10' 2"1,3, 10' 2.75"4
3.1 m3
Wing area 358.5 sq ft4, 358.88 sq ft3
33.34 sq m3
Weight  
Empty 10,251 lb3
4,650 kg3
Loaded 14,881 lb3,4, 14,900 lb1
6,750 kg3
Performance  
Speed 304 mph1,3,4, 350 mph2
490 kph3
Speed - Cruising 273 mph4
Climb to 9,840' 7 minutes 30 seconds4
Service ceiling 26,200'1, 26,240'4, 26,245'3
8,000 m3
Range 1,019 miles1,3,4, 1,100 miles2
1,640 km3
Armament 4: MG1
Nose 1: 20 mm2
2: .50 cal MG2
3: 12.7 mm / 0.5" Breda-SAFAT MG3,4
Cockpit Rear 1: MG2, 7.7 mm / .303" Breda-SAFAT MG3,4
Bombs 2,200 lb1, 2,204 lb3
1,000 kg3
OR 3: 441 lb3
3: 200 kg3
OR 3: 100 lb4
OR 3: 220 lb4
OR 2: 550 lb4
  Ba.88M
Engine (Type) 2: Fiat A.743, Fiat A.74 R.C.384
HP 850 each4
Dimensions  
Span 57' 8.95"3, 58' 0.75"4
Length 37' 10.75"4
Wing area 425.2 sq ft4
Weight  
Empty 11,471 lb4
Loaded 15,260 lb4
Performance  
Speed 239 mph4
Armament  
Nose 4: 12.7 mm MG3, 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT4

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site