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Italy's Breda Ba.88 ground attack
Nickname: Lince (Lynx)

Photos

  • Breda Ba.88 Lince ground-attack
  • Breda Ba.88 Lince ground-attack
  • Breda Ba.88 Lince ground-attack

Design

The Breda Ba.88 was designed to be a heavy fighter and a ground assault aircraft. It was touted by the Mussolini government as being a great aircraft.

When the armament was installed its performance suffered. The Breda Ba.88 didn't perform well in combat.

Tail

The production model had a twin tail.

Ba.88M Modification

On September 7, 1943, these were delivered to the 103° Gruppo Autonomo Tuffatori at Lonate Pozzola and tested by Luftwaffe pilots.

Prototypes

The prototype had a Isotta-Fraschini K.14 radial engine. The prototype had a single tail.

Production

  • Breda Ba.88: 100, 105
    • Manufacturer: Società Italiana Ernesto Breda, I.M.A.M.
  • Breda Ba.88M: 3 modified Ba.88
    • Cascina Costa at Varese

Variants

  • Breda Ba.88:
  • Breda Ba.88M: In 1942 three Ba.88s were modified. Dive brakes similar to a Ju 87 were installed.

Usage

The Breda Ba.88 first appeared in early 1937 and proceeded to break the record for speed over 60 miles, 325 mph, and over 625 miles, 300 mph. With a one ton cargo it flew 330 mph
Furio Niclot flew the prototype carrying 2,205 lb for 62.1 miles at 344.5 mph and then 621 miles at 326.3 mph.

France

Twelve Ba.88s of the 19° Gruppo Autonomo attacked Corsican airfields on June 16, 1940. The attacks were ineffective.

North Africa

The Ba.88s were sent to Libya, joined the 7° Gruppo Autonomo, and were in combat in mid 1940. The engines often overheated.

In September 1940 they were sent to attack Sidi Barrani but it had to be aborted as the aircraft couldn't gain altitude and speeds were half what they were supposed to be.

They were sent back to Italy to mislead Allied reconnaissance. Some had their armament removed and placed around various airfields as decoys.

Specifications

  Ba.88
Type Attack, Attack Bomber, Fighter, Fighter-Bomber, Light bomber, Reconnaissance
Crew 2
Engine (Type) 2: Piaggio P.XI RC 40
HP 1,000 each
Cylinders Radial, Radial 14
Cooling Air
Dimensions  
Span 50' 10", 51' 2", 51' 2.125", 51' 2.2"
15.6 m
Length 35' 4.8", 35' 5", 37' 8"
10.79 m
Height 10' 2", 10' 2.75"
3.1 m
Wing area 358.5 sq ft, 358.88 sq ft
33.34 sq m
Weight  
Empty 10,251 lb
4,650 kg
Loaded 14,881 lb, 14,900 lb
6,750 kg
Performance  
Speed 304 mph, 350 mph
490 kph
Speed - Cruising 273 mph
Climb to 9,840' 7 minutes 30 seconds
Service ceiling 26,200', 26,240', 26,245'
8,000 m
Range 1,019 miles, 1,100 miles
1,640 km
Armament 4: MG
Nose 1: 20 mm
2: .50 cal MG
3: 12.7 mm / 0.5" Breda-SAFAT MG
Cockpit Rear 1: MG, 7.7 mm / .303" Breda-SAFAT MG
Bombs 2,200 lb, 2,204 lb
1,000 kg
OR 3: 441 lb
3: 200 kg
OR 3: 100 lb
OR 3: 220 lb
OR 2: 550 lb
  Ba.88M
Engine (Type) 2: Fiat A.74, Fiat A.74 R.C.38
HP 850 each
Dimensions  
Span 57' 8.95", 58' 0.75"
Length 37' 10.75"
Wing area 425.2 sq ft
Weight  
Empty 11,471 lb
Loaded 15,260 lb
Performance  
Speed 239 mph
Armament  
Nose 4: 12.7 mm MG, 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site