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Italy's Breda Ba.65 ground attack, attack fighter

Photos

  • Breda Ba.65 ground-attack
  • Breda Ba.65 ground-attack

Design

The Breda Ba.65 was based on the Ba.64. The Ba.65 was the only Italian aircraft specifically designed for ground attack.

Produced as a single and dual seater.

The Ba.65 wasn't very maneuverable as it inhibited by its armament.

The construction of the Ba.65 was all-metal.

Armament

The Breda Ba.65 carried it's bombs internally in the fuselage.

Cockpit

The pilot had a sliding canopy but most left it open.

Prototype

Flew for the first time in September 1935 / 1935.

Production

  • Breda Ba.65:
    • Manufacturer: Società Italiana Ernesto Breda , Breda (80), Caproni-Vizzola (57)
    • Production: ? - July 1939

Variants

  • Breda Ba.65 A.80: Had Fiat A.80 engine.
  • Breda Ba.65: Gnome-Rhône engine.
  • Breda Ba.65: One was flown with a Pratt & Whitney R-1830 engine in June 1937.
  • Breda Ba.65bis: Two seats. Rear of cockpit was open with a 7.7 mm MG.

Usage

In 1937 Fiat powered models were supplied to the Iraqi air force.

Countries

  • Chile (20)
  • Hungary
  • Iraq (25)
  • Portugal (10)
  • Paraguay

Units

  • Stormo d'Assalto: 5°
  • Gruppi Caccia: 7°, 19°
  • Squadriglie: 101a, 102a

Spain

Starting in August 1937 they were supplied to the Nationalists. It was only used in a reconnaissance role.

The Ba.65s were used by the 65a Squadriglia d'Assalto.

Italy

Were used in reconnaissance roles in the invasion of Abyssinia.

~150 / 154 were in service with the Italian Air Force in June 1940.

Were used primarily in North Africa. It was found that they performed very poorly against Allied aircraft. The last were lost in Cyrenaica in early 1941.

Specifications

  Breda Ba.65
Type Attack fighter, Bomber, Fighter, Ground attack, Reconnaissance
Crew 1, 1 or 2
Engine (Type) Fiat A.80 RC41
OR Gnome-Rhône K.14 / Isotta-Fraschini K.14
OR Piaggio P. XI
HP Fiat: 1,000, 1,030
Gnome-Rhône: 900, 1,000
Piaggio: 1,000
Cylinders Fiat: Radial, Radial 18
Gnome-Rhône: Radial
Piaggio: Radial
Cooling Fiat: Air
Dimensions  
Span 36' 8", 39' 8", 39' 8.4"
12.1 m
Length 30' 6", 30' 6.1", 31' 6"
9.3 m
Height 10' 6", 10' 11"
3.2 m
Wing area 252.9 sq ft, 252.96 sq ft, 253 sq ft
23.5 sq m
Weight  
Empty 5,280 lb, 5,291 lb
2,400 kg
Loaded 6,200 lb, 6,490 lb, 6,504 lb, 7,695 lb
2,950 kg
Performance  
Speed 250 mph, 267 mph
430 kph
Cruising Speed 230 mph
Climb  
Service ceiling 20,660', 20,670', 27,230'
6,300 m
Range 340 miles, 342 miles, 680 miles
550 km
Armament 4: MG
2: 12.7 mm MG
2: 7.7 mm MG
Wing 2: 7 mm MG, 7.7 mm, 7.7 mm / .303" Breda-SAFAT MG
2: 12 mm, 12.7 mm / 0.5" MG
Rear cockpit turret 1: 7.7 mm MG
Bombs - Bomb Bay and Under Wing 2,200 lb
500 kg
Bombs - Bomb Bay 661 lb
300 kg
Bombs - Under Wing 441 lb
200 kg
  Ba.65bis
Dimensions  
Span 39' 8"
Length 31' 6"
Height 10' 6"
Wing area 252.9 sq ft
Weight  
Empty 5,291 lb
Performance  
Speed 255 mph
410 kph
Cruising Speed 227 mph
Service ceiling 25,290'

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site