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Italy's Fiat R.S.14, RS.14 torpedo bomber and reconnaissance floatplane

Photos

  • Fiat R.S.14 floatplane
  • Fiat R.S.14 floatplane

Design

The Fiat RS.14 was designed in 1938 as a reconnaissance sea plane.

The Fiat R.S.14 was based on the A.S.14 land based ground attack bomber that had retractable landing gear. It was redesigned in 1941 as unarmed R.S.14As.

The construction of the RS.14 was all metal.

A single torpedo could be carried between the floats.

Crew

The bombardier was in the nose.

Floats

The floats were single step and attached to the engine nacelles.

Fuselage

The R.S.14 had a stressed-skin covering for the metal frame.

Tail

The tail used a metal frame that had metal covering the fixed areas and fabric over the elevators and rudder.

Wings

The Fiat R.S.14's mid-wing cantilever design used an all metal frame.

Production

  • A.S.14 Prototype: 1
  • Fiat R.14A: 2
  • Fiat R.S.14B and Fiat R.S. 14C: 184
  • Total: 152, 187
    • Manufacturer: CMASA

Variants

  • A.S.14: Land based prototype.
  • Fiat R.14A: Unarmed prototype.
  • Fiat R.S.14B: Reconnaissance and torpedo bomber. Modified nose and could carry bombs or depth charges. Had defensive armament.
  • Fiat R.S.14C: Reconnaissance and air sea rescue. Converted from R.S.14B. Ventral tray was removed.

Usage

Italy and Germany used the Fiat R.S.14s.

Deployed

The R.S.14s were initially used in the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas as convoy escorts and reconnaissance aircraft.

By September 1943 almost all remaining R.S.14s were converted to R.S.14Cs.

After Surrender

After Italy's surrender the R.S.14s were used by the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana and the Co-Belligerent forces. Only 10 RS.14s remained in operation.

After World War II

After the war some R.S.14s remained in service until the late 1940s.

Specifications

  Fiat R.S.14, Fiat RS.14
Type Bomber, Torpedo bomber, Reconnaissance
Crew 4 - 5, 5
Engine (Type) 2: Fiat A 74 RC38
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
HP 840 each
Propeller blades 3 each, Fiat-Hamilton 3 blade constant speed
Dimensions  
Span 64', 64' 1", 64' 3", 64' 11"
19.53 m, 19.6 m
Length 45', 45' 6", 46' 3", 46' 3"
13.8 m, 14.1 m
Height 17' 9", 18' 6"
5.4 m
Wing area 555 sq ft
51.5 sq m
Weight  
Loaded 16,000 lb, 18,700 lb
7,264 kg
Performance  
Speed at sea level 242 mph
389 kph
Speed at 13,100' 242 mph
Speed at 13,120' / 4,000 m 237 mph, 254 mph
379 kph, 409 kph
Cruising speed 205 mph
330 kph
Climb  
Service ceiling 16,400', 20,700'
5,000 m
Range 1,550 miles
Maximum range 1,553 miles
2,500 km
Armament  
Dorsal turret 1: 12.7 mm MG
1: MG
Beam hatches 2: 7.7 mm MG
2: MG
Bombs 880 lb
Ventral tray 880 lb bombs
400 kg bombs
OR 2: 353 lb depth charges
2: 160 kg depth charges
Torpedo 1
  Fiat R.S.14B
Weight  
Empty 12,125 lb
5,500 kg
Loaded 17,637 lb
8,000 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site