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Italy's Fiat R.S.14, RS.14 torpedo bomber and reconnaissance floatplane

Photos

  • Fiat R.S.14 floatplane
  • Fiat R.S.14 floatplane

Design

The Fiat RS.14 was designed in 1938 as a reconnaissance sea plane.2

The Fiat R.S.14 was based on the A.S.14 land based ground attack bomber that had retractable landing gear.1 It was redesigned in 1941 as unarmed R.S.14As.1

The construction of the RS.14 was all metal.2

A single torpedo could be carried between the floats.3

Crew

The bombardier was in the nose.4

Floats

The floats were single step and attached to the engine nacelles.4

Fuselage

The R.S.14 had a stressed-skin covering for the metal frame.4

Tail

The tail used a metal frame that had metal covering the fixed areas and fabric over the elevators and rudder.4

Wings

The Fiat R.S.14's mid-wing cantilever design used an all metal frame.4

Production

  • A.S.14 Prototype: 11
  • Fiat R.14A: 21
  • Fiat R.S.14B and Fiat R.S. 14C: 1841
  • Total: 1522, 1871
    • Manufacturer: CMASA2

Variants

  • A.S.14: Land based prototype.1
  • Fiat R.14A: Unarmed prototype.1
  • Fiat R.S.14B: Reconnaissance and torpedo bomber.1 Modified nose and could carry bombs or depth charges.1 Had defensive armament.1
  • Fiat R.S.14C: Reconnaissance and air sea rescue.1 Converted from R.S.14B.1 Ventral tray was removed.1

Usage

Italy and Germany used the Fiat R.S.14s.1

Deployed

The R.S.14s were initially used in the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas as convoy escorts and reconnaissance aircraft.1

By September 1943 almost all remaining R.S.14s were converted to R.S.14Cs.1

After Surrender

After Italy's surrender the R.S.14s were used by the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana and the Co-Belligerent forces.1 Only 10 RS.14s remained in operation.2

After World War II

After the war some R.S.14s remained in service until the late 1940s.1,2

Specifications

  Fiat R.S.14, Fiat RS.14
Type Bomber3, Torpedo bomber1,4, Reconnaissance1,2,3,4
Crew 4 - 52,4, 51
Engine (Type) 2: Fiat A 74 RC381,2,3,4
Cylinders Radial 141,2,4
Cooling Air2,4
HP 840 each1,2,3,4
Propeller blades 3 each1, Fiat-Hamilton 3 blade constant speed4
Dimensions  
Span 64'3, 64' 1"2, 64' 3"4, 64' 11"1
19.53 m1, 19.6 m4
Length 45'3, 45' 6"4, 46' 3"2, 46' 3"1
13.8 m4, 14.1 m1
Height 17' 9"4, 18' 6"2
5.4 m4
Wing area 555 sq ft4
51.5 sq m4
Weight  
Loaded 16,000 lb4, 18,700 lb2
7,264 kg4
Performance  
Speed at sea level 242 mph1
389 kph1
Speed at 13,100' 242 mph2
Speed at 13,120' / 4,000 m 237 mph4, 254 mph1
379 kph4, 409 kph1
Cruising speed 205 mph1
330 kph1
Climb  
Service ceiling 16,400'1, 20,700'2
5,000 m1
Range 1,550 miles2
Maximum range 1,553 miles1
2,500 km1
Armament  
Dorsal turret 1: 12.7 mm MG1
1: MG2
Beam hatches 2: 7.7 mm MG1
2: MG2
Bombs 880 lb2
Ventral tray 880 lb bombs1
400 kg bombs1
OR 2: 353 lb depth charges1
2: 160 kg depth charges1
Torpedo 13
  Fiat R.S.14B
Weight  
Empty 12,125 lb1
5,500 kg1
Loaded 17,637 lb1
8,000 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site