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Italy's Reggiane Re.2005 fighter
Nickname: Sagittario (archer)

Photos

  • Reggiane Re 2005 Sagittario fighter
  • Reggiane Re 2005 Sagittario fighter

 

Design

The Reggiane Re.2005 was an improvement upon the Re.2002. The wings were the same but the fuselage was altered. It was found that at the rear of the fuselage there was a structural weakness that resulted in the Re.2005s being grounded until the fault was corrected.

Engine

The Fiat RA.1050 RC 58 Tifone engine of the Re.2005 was a copy of the Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1.

Undercarriage

The tail wheel was retractable and the main wheels retracted outwards.

Prototype

The prototype was ready in December 1941, but it took an additional four months to get the engine. The original engine was sent from Germany bus disappeared in transit. The Re.2005 prototype first flew on May 9, 1942 / May 10, 1942 / September 1942.

Production

In February 1943, 750 were ordered by the Italian Air Force.

300 were in stages of construction but weren't finished.

  • Total: 29, 37, 48
  • Manufacturer: Officine Meccaniche Reggiane S.p.A.

Variants

  • Reggiane Re.2005:
  • Reggiane Re.2005R (Reazione): Only drawing stage. Was to have a centrifugal compressor powered by a FIAT A.20 (370 HP) engine. Estimated speed was to have been 454 mph.

Usage

Saw use in the defense of Sicily, Naples, and Rome. Some were later seen over Berlin and Bucharest.

The First Unit

The first unit to receive the Re.2005 was the 262a Squadriglia of the 22° Gruppo based at Capodichino, Capua. They went to Sicily and were based at Capua from June until August 26, 1943.

German Use

Thirteen Re.2005s were captured and used by the Germans against Allied bombing raids in 1943. Some were seen defending the oil fields in Romania.

Specifications

  Reggiane Re.2005
Type Fighter, Fighter bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Fiat RA.1050 R.C. Tifone piston
Daimler-Benz DB 605
Daimler Benz DB 605A
Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1
Cylinders In-line, V 12, Inverted V 12
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,475
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1", 36 1.1"
11 m
Length 28' 7.7", 28' 7.75", 28' 8"
8.73 m
Height 10' 4"
3.15 m
Wing area 219.59 sq ft , 220 sq ft
20.4 sq m
Weight  
Empty 5,720 lb, 5,732 lb
2,600 kg
Loaded 7,832 lb, 7,848 lb, 7,970 lb
3,560 kg
Performance  
Speed 390 mph
630 kph
Speed at 22,800' / 22,802' / 6,560 m 390 mph, 391 mph, 421 mph
630 kph
Speed - Cruising 340 mph
Climb to 6,560' / 6,562' / 2,000 m 1.58 minutes, 1 minutes 58 seconds
Climb to 13,120' 4 minutes 4 seconds
Climb to 19,680' 6 minutes 33 seconds
Service Ceiling 39,360', 39,400', 39,993'
12,000 m, 12,190 m
Range 677 - 786 miles, 775 miles, 780 miles, 786 miles
1,250 km, 1,265 km
Armament 2: 12.7 mm machine guns
3: 20 mm
Wings 2: 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns
2: 20 mm Mauser MG 151
Nose 1: 20 mm Mauser MG 151
Bombs 1,389 lb, 1,390 lb
630 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  6. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site