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Italy's Reggiane Re. 2005 fighter
Nickname: Sagittario (archer)

Photos

  • Reggiane Re 2005 Sagittario fighter
  • Reggiane Re 2005 Sagittario fighter

 

Design

The Reggiane Re.2005 was an improvement upon the Re.2002.3 The wings were the same but the fuselage was altered.3 It was found that at the rear of the fuselage there was a structural weakness that resulted in the Re.2005s being grounded until the fault was corrected.3

Engine

The Fiat RA.1050 RC 58 Tifone4 engine of the Re.2005 was a copy of the Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1.1,4

Undercarriage

The tail wheel was retractable.1

The main wheels retracted outwards.1,3,5,6

Prototype

The prototype was ready in December 1941, but it took an additional four months to get the engine.3 The original engine was sent from Germany bus disappeared in transit.3 The Re.2005 prototype first flew on May 9, 19423 / May 10, 1942 / September 19424,6.2,3

Production

In February 1943, 750 were ordered by the Italian Air Force.3

300 were in stages of construction but weren't finished.1

  • Total: 293, 372, 481,4
  • Manufacturer: Officine Meccaniche Reggiane S.p.A.3

Usage

Saw use in the defense of Sicily, Naples, and Rome.1,2 Some were later seen over Berlin2,4 and Bucharest.1

The First Unit

The first unit to receive the Re.2005 was the 362nd Squadron of the 22nd Group.3 They went to Sicily and were based at Capua from June until August 26, 1943.3

German Use

Thirteen Re.2005s were captured and used by the Germans against Allied bombing raids in 1943.3 Some were seen defending the oil fields in Romania.3

Specifications

  Reggiane Re.2005
Type Fighter1,3,4, Fighter bomber1,4
Crew 11,3,4
Engine (Type) Fiat RA.1050 R.C Tifone piston1,4
Daimler-Benz DB 6055
Daimler Benz DB 605A3
Daimler-Benz DB 605A-16
Cylinders In-line1, V 123,6, Inverted V 124
Cooling Liquid1,3
HP 1,4751,3,4,6
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1"1,3, 36 1.1"4
11 m1,4
Length 28' 7.7"4, 28' 8"1,3
8.73 m1,4
Height 10' 4"1,3,4
3.15 m1,4
Wing area 219.59 ft2 4, 220 ft2 1
20.4 m2 1,4
Weight  
Empty 5,720 lb1, 5,732 lb4
2,600 kg1,4
Loaded 7,832 lb1, 7,848 lb4, 7,970 lb3
3,560 kg1,4
Performance  
Speed 390 mph1
630 kph1
Speed @ 22,802' /
6,560 m
391 mph4, 421 mph3
630 kph4
Climb to 6,562' /
2,000 m
1.58 minutes4
Service ceiling 39,993'4, 39,400'1,3
12,000 m1, 12,190 m4
Range 775 miles1, 780 miles3, 786 miles4
1,250 km1, 1,265 km4
Armament 2: 12.7 mm MG3,4
3: 20 mm3,4
Bombs 1,389 lb4
630 kg4

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  5. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  6. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site