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Italy's Reggiane Re.2000 fighter; Nickname: Falco

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Reggiane Re.2000 fighter:
Italy's Reggiane Re. 2000 fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Reggiane Re.2000 fighter:
Italy's Reggiane Re. 2000 fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

In 1938 the Reggiane Re.2000 was designed by Roberto Longhi and Antonio Alessio.4 Longhi had worked in the United States in the mid-1930s and based on his experience the Reggiane Re.2000 was a copy of the Sikorsky P-35.2,3,4

The Re.2000 was all metal.4

The Re.2000 proved equal to the G.50 and M.C.200 but wasn't liked by the military.4

The fuel tanks for the Re.2000 were located in the wings.4 The military felt that this made the Re.2000 too vulnerable.4

Undercarriage

The tail wheel was retractable.1 The landing gear retracted backwards into the wing.4

Prototype

The Re.2000 prototype flew on May 24, 1939.2,3,4 Mario De Bernardi was the pilot.4 In trials the Re.2000 performed well but the engine was unreliable.4

Production

Production was just starting when the Italian government cancelled the order.2,4 Reggiane decided to continue production at its own expense and the first 188 were to be sold to foreign powers.2,4 The British ordered 300 in January 1940 and these were never delivered.2,4 70 were purchased by Hungary.2

After war was declared the Italian government reinstated the order.2

  • Prototypes: 22
  • Reggiane Re.2000: 3593, 3802
    • Hungary: 1924, 2033
      • Produced between October 1942 and August 1944.3
  • Total: 3822
    • Manufacturer: Officine Meccaniche Reggiane S.p.A.4

Hungary

192 Re.2000s were licensed built by MAVAG and called the Heja.2

Variants

  • Reggiane Re.2000 Series I: Part of initial batch.2 Sold to Hungary.2
  • Reggiane Re.2000 Series II: 12 were strengthened for catapult launching for the Italian Navy.5
  • Reggiane Re.2000 Series III: Were to be catapult launched from Italian warships.2 10 / 245 converted.2
  • J 20: 60 supplied to Sweden.2
  • Reggiane Re.2000 GA: Had an additional fuselage fuel tank.3
  • Mavag Héjja II (Hawk): Hungarian produced.3 Had a Gnome-Rhône 14Kfs radial engine.3

Usage

Hungary (703,4) and Sweden (603,4) received the Reggiane Re.2000s.2,3,4

First Regia Aeronautica Use

The 3° Stormo, in Sicily, received the first deliveries of the Re.2000 in 1941.2

Hungarian Use

The Hungarian 1/1 and 2/4 Squadrons of the 2nd Air Brigade used them on the Russian Front at Szolnok and Kolozsvar.2

Sweden's Use

Sweden used them until 19455 / 1946.4 They were designated the J 20.5

Specifications

  Reggiane Re.2000
Type Fighter3,4,6
Crew 11,3,4
Engine (Type) Piaggio P.XI1
Piaggio P.XI RC 403,4,6
Cylinders Radial1,6, Radial 143,4
Cooling Air4
HP 8701, 1,0004,6, 1,0403
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1"3,4, 36' 9"6
11 m3
Length 26'6, 26' 2.5"3, 26' 3"4
7.99 m3
Height 10' 6"3,4, 12'6
3.2 m3
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 4,563 lb3
2,070 kg3
Loaded 5,650 lb6, 6,290 lb4, 6,349 lb3
2,880 kg3
Performance  
Speed 328 mph1, 335 mph6
529 kph1
Speed @ 16,400' 329 mph4
Speed @ 16,405' /
5,000 m
329 mph3
529 kph3
Climb to 13,125' /
4,000 m
4.7 minutes3
Service ceiling 34,450'3,4
10,500 m3
Range 620 miles6, 870 miles3,4
1,400 km3
Armament 2: MG4
Nose 2: 12.7 mm MG3
Wing 2: MG6
  Reggiane Re.2000 Series I
Type Fighter2
Crew 12
Engine (Type) Piaggio PXI RC 40 piston2
Cylinders Radial2
Cooling  
HP 9852
Propeller blades 32
Dimensions  
Span 36' 1"2
11 m2
Length 26' 2.5"2
8 m2
Height 10' 6"2
3.2 m2
Wing area 219.6 ft2 2
20.4 m2 2
Weight  
Empty 4,563 lb2
2,070 kg2
Loaded 6,349 lb2
2,880 kg2
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 16,405' /
5,000 m
329 mph2
530 kph2
Climb to 13,125' /
4,000 m
4.5 minutes2
Service ceiling 30,510'2
9,300 m2
Range 708 miles2
1,140 km2
Armament  
Nose 2: 12.7 mm Breda SAFAT MG2

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  4. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  6. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site