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Italy's Macchi MC.205 Veltro; Macchi C.205; Macchi M.C.205 fighter
Veltro (Greyhound)

Photos

  • Macchi MC.205 Veltro

Design

The Macchi C.205 was an upgraded C.202 and was designed by Mario Castoldi. The M.C.205 had radiators on the sides of the engine housing, whereas the M.C.202 had a radiator underneath.

Engine

The Fiat RA.1050 RC58 Tifone "Typhoon" engine was a license built Daimler-Benz 605A-1.

Armament

The Macchi M.C.205 was the first to have 20 mm cannons in the wings.

Prototype

The C.205 prototype was converted from a C.202 and first flew on April 19, 1942. The prototype was much better than the C.202 and was ordered into production.

The C.205N Orione prototype first flew on November 1, 1942 / November 1942. The second flew in May 1943. Orders of 1,200 were placed but due to Italy's position in 1943 none were produced.

Production

Air raids stopped production in May 1944.

  • Macchi MC.205V: 289
  • Macchi MC.205N Orione: 2
  • Macchi MC.205: 262
    • Production: October 1942 - September 1943: ~200
    • Production: September 1943 - Spring 1944: 112
  • Manufacturer: Aeronautica Macchi S.p.A.

Variants

  • Macchi MC.205V Veltro: Production version.
  • Macchi MC.205N Orione: High altitude version. Longer wing span. Fuselage was modified.
    • Macchi MC.205N-1: One 20 mm cannon and four 12.7 mm machine guns.
    • Macchi MC.205N-2: Three 20 mm cannon and two 12.7 mm machine guns.
  • Macchi MC.206: Was to be based on the MC.205N-2 with a Daimler Benz DB 603A (1,510 HP) engine. The only prototype was never completed.
  • Macchi MC.207: Was to be based on the MC.205N-2 with a Daimler Benz DB 603A (1,510 HP) engine. Four 20 mm MG 151 cannons in the wings. Estimated maximum speed of 435 mph. The only prototype was never completed.

Usage

Italy and Germany used the C.205.

Delayed Use

It wasn't until mid 1943 that the C.205 was first in service due to engine supplies and industrial problems.

66 were in use by the time of Italy's surrender in September 1943.

First Use

In July 1943 the C.205s were first used over Sicily and southern Italy.

German Use

Approximately 25 served with a Luftwaffe Gruppe in 1943 - 1944.

RSIAF Use

The Republican Socialist Italian Air Force (RSIAF) used about 140 C.205s on the side of the Germans.

Allied Use

The Allies used 34 of the M.C.205s after the armistice, primarily in Yugoslavia.

Post World War II

In the Italian Air Force some M.C.205s were used until 1947 as fighter bombers and then as trainers until 1951.

Egypt was supplied 42 refurbished C.205s in 1948 - 1949. These were used against the Israelis.

Specifications

  Macchi C.205 Veltro, Macchi M.C. 205
Type Fighter, Fighter bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Fiat RA.1050 RC58 Tifone
Daimler Benz DB 605A
Cylinders Inverted V 12, V 12
Cooling Liquid
HP 1,475
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5", 34' 8.5"
10.58 m
Length 29' 0.5", 29' 1"
8.85 m
Height 9' 10.5", 10'
3 m
Weight  
Empty 5,690 lb, 5,691 lb
2,581 kg
Loaded 7,120 lb, 7,513 lb, 7,514 lb
3,408 kg
Performance  
Speed at 23,620' / 7,200 m 399 mph
642 kph
Speed at 24,300' 404 mph
Speed - Cruising 310 mph
500 kph
Climb to 9,840' / 3,000 m 2.7 minutes, 2 minutes 40 seconds
Climb to 20,000' 4 minutes 52 seconds
Climb to 22,960' 7 minutes 6 seconds
Service Ceiling 36,090', 37,200'
11,000 m
Range 590 miles, 646 miles
950 km
Armament 2: MG
Nose 2: 12.7 mm MG
Wings 2: 7.7 mm MG
OR  
Wings - under 2: 20 mm
Bombs - under wing 705 lb
320 kg
  Macchi C.205N-1 Orione
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Weight  
Empty 5,941 lb
Loaded 7,983 lb
Performance  
Speed at 22,960' 390 mph
Climb to 9,840' 2 minutes 24 seconds
Climb to 16,400' 4 minutes 46 seconds
Climb to 26,240' 9 minutes, 48 seconds
Service Ceiling 36,910'
Range 612 miles
Armament  
Nose 1: 20 mm cannon
2: 12.7 mm MG
Wings 2: 12.7 mm MG
  Macchi C.205N-2 Orione
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Weight  
Empty 6,052 lb
Loaded 8,364 lb
Performance  
Speed at 22,960' 389 mph
Climb to 9,840' 3 minutes 39 seconds
Climb to 16,400' 6 minutes 14 seconds
Climb to 26,240' 10 minutes 47 seconds
Service Ceiling 35,430'
Armament  
Nose 1: 20 mm cannon
2: 12.7 mm MG
Wings 2: 20 mm cannon

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  4. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site