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Italy's Macchi MC.205 Veltro; Macchi C.205; Macchi M.C.205 fighter
Veltro (Greyhound)

Photos

Macchi MC.205 fighter:
Italy's Macchi MC.205 fighter

Design

The Macchi C.205 was an upgraded C.202.2 The M.C.205 had radiators on the sides of the engine housing, whereas the M.C.202 had a radiator underneath.3

Engine

The Fiat RA.1050 RC58 Tifone "Typhoon" engine was a license built Daimler-Benz 605A-1.2

Armament

The Macchi M.C.205 was the first to have 20 mm cannons in the wings.3

Prototype

The C.205 prototype was converted from a C.202 and first flew on April 19, 1942.2,3 The prototype was much better than the C.202 and was ordered into production.2

The C.205N Orione prototype first flew on November 1, 1942.2 The second flew in May 1943.2 Orders of 1,200 were placed but due to Italy's position in 1943 none were produced.2

Production

Air raids stopped production in May 1944.2,3

  • Macchi C.205V: 2892
  • Macchi C.205N Orione: 22
  • Macchi M.C.2053:
    • Production: October 1942 - September 1943: ~2003
    • Production: September 1943 - Spring 1944: 1123
  • Manufacturer: Aeronautica Macchi S.p.A.3

Variants

  • Macchi C.205N Orione: High altitude version.2 Longer wing span.2 Fuselage was modified.2

Usage

Italy and Germany used the C.205.2

Delayed Use

It wasn't until mid 1943 that the C.205 was first in service due to engine supplies and industrial problems.2

66 were in use by the time of Italy's surrender in September 1943.2

First Use

In July 1943 the C.205s were first used over Sicily and southern Italy.2

German Use

Approximately 25 served with a Luftwaffe Gruppe in 1943 - 1944.2

RSIAF Use

The Republican Socialist Italian Air Force (RSIAF) used about 140 C.205s on the side of the Germans.2

Allied Use

The Allies used 34 of the M.C.205s after the armistice, primarily in Yugoslavia.3

Post World War II

In the Italian Air Force some M.C.205s were used until 1947 as fighter bombers and then as trainers until 1951.3

Egypt was supplied 42 refurbished C.205s in 1948 - 1949.2 These were used against the Israelis.2

Specifications

  Macchi C.205 Veltro2, Macchi M.C. 2053
Type Fighter3, Fighter bomber2
Crew 12,3
Engine (Type) Fiat RA.1050 RC58 Tifone2
Daimler Benz DB 605A3
Cylinders Inverted V 122, V 123
Cooling Liquid3
HP 1,4752,3
Propeller blades 32
Dimensions  
Span 34' 5"3, 34' 8.5"2
10.58 m2
Length 29' 0.5"2, 29' 1"3
8.85 m2
Height 9' 10.5"2, 10'3
3 m2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 5,690 lb2
2,581 kg2
Loaded 7,120 lb3, 7,513 lb2
3,408 kg2
Performance  
Speed @ 23,620' /
7,200 m
399 mph2
642 kph2
Speed @ 24,300' 404 mph3
Cruising speed 310 mph2
500 kph2
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
2.7 minutes2
Climb to 20,000' 4' 52"3
Service ceiling 36,090'2, 37,200'3
11,000 m2
Range 590 miles2, 646 miles3
950 km2
Armament 2: MG3
Nose 2: 12.7 mm MG2
Wings 2: 7.7 mm MG2
OR  
Wings - under 2: 20 mm2,3
Bombs - under wing 705 lb2
320 kg2

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site