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Italy's Fiat C.R.32 fighter

Photos

Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter:
Italy's Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter:
Italy's Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Fiat C.R.32 was based on the Fiat C.R.30.

The C.R.32 was of metal construction covered in fabric.

Prototype

The first C.R.32 flew on April 28, 1933.

Production

Fiat produced the C.R.32 until 1939.

  • C.R.32: 291
  • C.R.32bis: 380
    • Production: 1935- ?
  • C.R.32ter: 150
    • Production: 1937 - ?
  • C.R.32quater: 451
    • Manufacturer:
      • Fiat: 351
      • Hispano-Suiza (HA-132-L): 100
  • Total: 1,272

Variants

  • C.R.32: Two machine guns.
  • C.R.32bis: Four machine guns.
  • C.R.32ter: Only two machine guns in nose.
  • C.R.32quater: Lighter weight.
  • HA-132-L Chirri ("chirper"): The Hispano-Suiza version of the C.R.32quater. 40 later converted to two seaters.

Usage

Austria, China, Hungary, Italy, Paraguay (5 C.R.32ter), Spain, and Venezuela used the C.R.32.

Spanish Civil War

The C.R.32bis was used in the Spanish Civil War.

Regia Aeronautica

The Regia Aeronautica had ~400 C.R.32s at the end of 1939.

The Fiat C.R.32 was used in the Greek and East African campaigns as close support and night fighters. Afterwards they were used primarily in training.

Spain

Hispano-Suiza license built the C.R.32 from 1940 to 1943.

Specifications

  Fiat C.R.32
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) 1: Fiat A 30 RA
Cylinders V 12
HP 600
Cooling  
Propeller blades 2
Dimensions  
Span 31' 2"
9.5 m
Length 24' 5.5"
7.45 m
Height 8' 11"
2.72 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,042 lb
1,380 kg
Loaded 4,200 lb
1,905 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Speed at sea level 205 mph
330 kph
Speed @ 9,840' /
3,000 m
221 mph
357 kph
Cruising speed 196 mph
315 kph
Climb 2,000'/minute
610 m/minute
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
5.2 minutes
Service ceiling 25,750'
7,850 m
Range 485 miles
780 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 12.7 mm MG
  Fiat C.R.32 bis
Type Fighter
Crew  
Engine (Type) 1: Fiat A3OR
1: Fiat A 30 RAbis
Cylinders  
HP 550, 600
Cooling Liquid
Propeller blades 2
Dimensions  
Span 31' 2"
Length 24' 6"
Height 8' 10"
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,210 lb
1,380 kg
Loaded 4,300 lb, 4,350 lb
1,973 kg
Performance  
Speed 230 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 465 miles
Armament  
Nose 2: MG
2: 12.7 mm MG
Wings 2: 7.7 mm MG
Bombs 1: 220 lb
1: 100 kg
OR 2: 110 lb
2: 50 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site