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Italy's Fiat C.R.32 fighter

Photos

Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter:
Italy's Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter:
Italy's Fiat C.R. 32 bis fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Fiat C.R.32 was based on the Fiat C.R.30.1

The C.R.32 was of metal construction covered in fabric.1

Prototype

The first C.R.32 flew on April 28, 1933.1

Production

Fiat produced the C.R.32 until 1939.1

  • C.R.32: 2911
  • C.R.32bis: 3801
    • Production: 1935- ?1
  • C.R.32ter: 1501
    • Production: 1937 - ?1
  • C.R.32quater: 4511
    • Manufacturer:
      • Fiat: 3511
      • Hispano-Suiza (HA-132-L): 1001
  • Total: 1,2721

Variants

  • C.R.32: Two machine guns.1
  • C.R.32bis: Four machine guns.1
  • C.R.32ter: Only two machine guns in nose.1
  • C.R.32quater: Lighter weight.1
  • HA-132-L Chirri ("chirper"): The Hispano-Suiza version of the C.R.32quater.1 40 later converted to two seaters.1

Usage

Austria, China, Hungary, Italy, Paraguay (5 C.R.32ter), Spain, and Venezuela used the C.R.32.1

Spanish Civil War

The C.R.32bis was used in the Spanish Civil War.1

Regia Aeronautica

The Regia Aeronautica had ~400 C.R.32s at the end of 1939.1

The Fiat C.R.32 was used in the Greek and East African campaigns as close support and night fighters.1 Afterwards they were used primarily in training.1

Spain

Hispano-Suiza license built the C.R.32 from 1940 to 1943.1

Specifications

  Fiat C.R.32
Type Fighter1
Crew 11
Engine (Type) 1: Fiat A 30 RA1
Cylinders V 121
HP 6001
Cooling  
Propeller blades 21
Dimensions  
Span 31' 2"1
9.5 m1
Length 24' 5.5"1
7.45 m1
Height 8' 11"1
2.72 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,042 lb1
1,380 kg1
Loaded 4,200 lb1
1,905 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Speed at sea level 205 mph1
330 kph1
Speed @ 9,840' /
3,000 m
221 mph1
357 kph1
Cruising speed 196 mph1
315 kph1
Climb 2,000'/minute1
610 m/minute1
Climb to 9,840' /
3,000 m
5.2 minutes1
Service ceiling 25,750'1
7,850 m1
Range 485 miles1
780 km1
Armament  
Nose 2: 12.7 mm MG1
  Fiat C.R.32 bis
Type Fighter2
Crew  
Engine (Type) 1: Fiat A3OR2
1: Fiat A 30 RAbis1
Cylinders  
HP 5502, 6001
Cooling Liquid2
Propeller blades 21,2
Dimensions  
Span 31' 2"2
Length 24' 6"2
Height 8' 10"2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,210 lb1
1,380 kg1
Loaded 4,300 lb2, 4,350 lb1
1,973 kg1
Performance  
Speed 230 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 465 miles2
Armament  
Nose 2: MG2
2: 12.7 mm MG1
Wings 2: 7.7 mm MG1
Bombs 1: 220 lb1
1: 100 kg1
OR 2: 110 lb1
2: 50 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site