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Italy's Savoia-Marchetti S.M.82 medium bomber
Nick name: Canguru (kangaroo), Marsupiale (marsupial)

Photos

  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 Canguru bomber
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 Canguru bomber
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 Canguru bomber

Design

The Savoia-Marchetti S.M.82 was designed in 1938.1 It was initially designed to be a long range transport.2

Cargo

The cargo area was was very roomy.1 The S.M.82's cargo area was separated by a removable metal floor.2,5 There was a runway that went across the top of the fuselage to help with loading and unloading.5 It could hold a dismantled C.R.42 biplane fighter.1,2,5

Wing

The S.M.82's wing was made from wood.1,4

Fuselage

The fuselage of the S.M.82 was made of steel tubing and wood with the covering of wood and fabric.1,2,4,5

Landing Gear

The landing gear retracted into the engine nacelles.4

Prototype

The S.M.82 prototype was first flown in 19385/1939.1

Production

  • Total: ~4001, 8752
  • Manufacturer: SIAI Marchetti2
  • Production: 1941 - 19431

Usage

The S.M.82 was used by Germany and Italy.1

The S.M.82 was designed to be a bomber, but it was primarily used as a transport.1 On one occasion it crammed in 96 people.1

World Records

In 1939 the S.M.82 broke the record for flying 8,000 miles and the other by flying an average 150 mph for 6,250 miles.2,5

The S.M. 82 flew 8,037 miles in 56 hours 30 minutes with an average speed of 143 mph.3,5

Beginning of World War II

There were twelve S.M.82s in operation at the start of World War II.2,5 There were a part of the 607a and 608a Squadriglie of the 149° Gruppo "T" located in Naples.5

Luftwaffe

The Luftwaffe used about 50 S.M.82s in the Baltic region on the Eastern Front.1

Post World War II

Around 50 of the S.M.82s survived World War II.2 Around 30 of the SM.82s joined the Allied Co-Belligerent Air Force.5 A few joined the Fascists.5

The Aeronautica Militare Italiana used the S.M.82 into the 1950s / 1960s2,5.1,2 These had their engines replaced with Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp radials (1,215 HP).2,5

Specifications

  Savoia-Marchetti S.M.82 Canguru
Type Heavy bomber1, Heavy transport1, Transport bomber2,5, Transport4
Crew 4 - 52
Cargo 600 gallons fuel4
18: 44 gallon / 200 liter fuel drums1
OR 8,800 lb5
OR 1: dismantled CR.421,2,5
OR 6 airplane engines5
OR  
Passengers 28 paratroopers1
40 troops1,4,5
Engine (Type) 3: Alfa Romeo 128 RC 182
3: Alfa Romeo 128 RC 211,3,4,5
Cylinders RC 18: Radial 142
RC 21: Radial 91,4
HP RC 18: 860 each2
RC 21: 950 each1,3,4,5
Cooling Air2
Propeller blades 3 each1, 3 metal each2
Dimensions  
Span 97' 4.5"1, 97' 5"2,4,5, 97' 6"3
29.5 m4, 29.68 m1
Length 73' 6"3, 73' 10"4, 74' 4.25"5, 75' 1.5"1 , 75' 2"2
22.5 m4, 22.9 m1
Height 18'3,4, 18' 2.5"5, 19' 8"2, 19' 8.25"1
5.5 m4, 6 m1
Wing area 1,276 sq ft4, 1,276.1 sq ft5
118.5 sq m4
Weight  
Empty 23,260 lb1, 26,400 lb4,5
10,550 kg1, 12,000 kg4
Loaded 38,000 lb3, 39,340 lb2, 39,600 lb5, 39,700 lb4, 39,727 lb1
18,020 kg1,4
Maximum load 44,092 lb1
20,000 kg1
Performance  
Speed 200 mph5, 230 mph1,2,3
370 kph1
Speed at 8,200' / 2,500 m 205 mph4
328 kph4
Cruising speed 137 - 186 mph1
220 - 300 kph1
Climb 650' / minute4
198 m / minute4
Climb to 9,840' / 3,000 m 18 minutes1
Service ceiling 19,685'1, 19,690'2, 20,000'4, 20,230'5
6,000 m1, 6,100 m4
Range 1,864 miles1, 1,865 miles2, 2,480 miles3,4, 2,484 miles5
3,000 km1, 3,970 km4
Armament 4: MG2
Dorsal turret 1: MG3
1: 12.7 mm MG1,4,5
Nose 1: 7.7 mm MG1,4,5
Ventral 1: 7.7 mm MG1
Beam positions 2: 7.7 mm MG1,4,5
Bombs 8,800 lb2, 8,818 lb1
4,000 kg1
OR  
Cargo 8,800 lb5, 8,818 lb1
4,000 kg1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
  5. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site