World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Great Britain's flag

Great Britain's Terrapin truck

Design

The Terrapin truck was designed to be amphibious by Thorncroft.

Engines

Each of the engines provided power, separately, to the four wheels on each side when on land. When in the water each engine drove a separate propeller. This caused problems when one engine would fail the other would continue to propel the Terrapin only on one side.

The engines were near the center of the vehicle which split the cargo area in two. This prevented guns or vehicles from being placed into the cargo area.

Water

When fully loaded the Terrapin rode very low in the water and could easily be swamped in rough water.

Crew

The driver didn't have as good a view forward and aft as he was located in the center and relied on other crew members to guide him.

Cargo Area

The front cargo area had a tarp that could be placed over it to keep out water spray. This had a side affect of restricting the driver's view forward.

Production

As there were a lot of American DUKWs available Terrapin development was stopped.

  • Terrapin: ~500
    • Manufacturer: Morris Commercial

Variants

  • Terrapin Mk I:
  • Terrapin Mk II: Design only, never produced. The cargo area was one piece. Driver position moved forward and was protected from the weather. The hull was altered to improve performance in the water.

Usage

Used near Antwerp

The 79th Armored Division was the primary user of the Terrapin starting in the fall of 1944 in the waterways leading up to Antwerp.

Specifications

  Terrapin
Crew 1 - 2, 2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight - loaded 26,411 lb, 26,488 lb
12,015 kg
Weight - empty 15,232 lb
6,909 kg
Length 23'
7.01 m
Height 9' 7"
2.92 m
Width 8' 9"
2.67 m
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Armament None
Armor Thickness (mm) None, 8
Engine (Make / Model) 2: Ford
Cooling  
Cylinders V-8
Net HP 85 hp each
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity  
Fuel consumption - Road  
Fuel consumption - Cross country  
Power to Weight Ratio  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 15 mph
24.14 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Water speed 5 mph
8 kph
Range - Road 150 miles
240 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Fording depth Amphibous
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 4

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  2. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site