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Great Britain's Morris C8 Artillery Tractor, 4x4, "Quad"

Photos

Morris-Commercial C8 'Quad' artillery tractor with limber and 25-pdr field gun:
Great Britain's BMorris-Commercial C8 'Quad' artillery tractor with limber and 25-pdr field gun
Lt. Bainbridge, War Office, ©IWM

Morris-Commercial C8 'Quad' artillery tractor with limber and 25-pdr field gun, on an exercise in Scotland, 20 March 1941:
Great Britain's Morris-Commercial C8 'Quad' artillery tractor with limber and 25-pdr field gun, on an exercise in Scotland, 20 March 1941
Lt. Lockeyear, War Office, ©IWM

Design

The Morris C8 first appeared in 1939.

Artillery

The C8 was often used to tow 18 pdr or 25 pdr guns. Ammunition was stored in the rear compartment.

Variants

  • Morris C8 Artillery Tractor, 4x4: Had what was described as a beetle shape.
  • Morris C8 Mk III Artillery Tractor, 4x4: No longer had beetle shape. Appeared in 1944. There was a canvas over the open top. Space for 8 man gun crew. Towed 17 pdr anti-tank and 25 pdr howitzer.

Usage

Post World War II

The Morris C8s soldiered on into the 1950s with the British Army.

Specifications

  Morris C8 Mk III Artillery Tractor, 4x4
Crew 1
Passengers 6 (commander, gun crew)
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7,484 lb, 7,500 lb
3,402 kg
Winch Capacity 8,800 lb
4 ton
4,000 kg
Length 14' 8.75", 15' 8.75"
4.49 m
Height 7' 5"
2.26 m
Width 7' 3"
2.21 m
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Wheelbase 8' 3"
2.51 m
Armament  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model) 1: Morris
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 4
Capacity 3.5 l
Net HP 70
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 5 forward, 1 reverse
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 50 mph
80 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 300 miles
480 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Fording depth 1' 4"
0.4 m
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Tires 10.5x16

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  2. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site