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Great Britain's Leyland Hippo 10-ton truck

Design

In 1944 the Leyland Hippo first entered service as a cargo carrier.

Cargo Area

The cargo area was placed low and made the task of loading and unloading easier. To protect the cargo from the elements there were steel hoops that were then covered by a canvas.

Body Types

Some of the unique body types made were ones to allow for photo processing and offset printing. These had a door at the rear and the spare tires were moved from the back of the cab to under the chassis.

Variants

  • Leyland Hippo 10-ton: 6x4
  • Leyland Hippo Mk 1: Initial production model. Based on a commercial prewar design. The cab was open and had a canvas cover.
  • Leyland Hippo Mk 2: The cab was enclosed with steel. The rear wheels were singles.
  • Leyland Hippo Mk 2A: Had dual 10-50-22 tires. The front wheels were different than the rear and a spare of each type had to be carried.

Usage

Post World War II

The Leyland Hippos were still being used into the 1980s.

Specifications

  Leyland Hippo Mk 2 GS
Crew  
Passengers  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight - Empty 19,712 lb
8,941 kg
Weight - Loaded 43,456 lb
19,711 kg
Length 27' 3"
8.31 m
Height 10' 11"
3.33 m
Width 8' 1"
2.46 m
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Armament  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model) Leyland Type L
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 6
Capacity  
Net HP 100
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 520 miles
837 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site