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Great Britain's Morris Armored Cars

Design

Morris worked with Vickers in the early 1930s to produce a 6 x 4 vehicle that was to be purchased by Thailand.1 With the threat of war more iminent, in 1935 Morris was asked to produce an interim armored car before a new 4 x 4 design was ready.1

It was built on a C9 15cwt 4 x 2 truck chassis.1 It had slab sided hull and an open turret behind the driver's cab.1

Production

  • Morris Mk I, Mk II light recon: 2,200
  • Morris Armored Car: 99, 1001
    • Production: 1936-19371

Variants

  • Standard Car 4x2 Mk I: Armored in front and sides. Rear was 3" oak.
  • Standard Car 4x2 Mk II: All around armor.
  • Standard Car 4x2 Mk III: Thicker armor, small turret with hinged lid.
  • Morris Mk II: Had 4 wheel drive.
  • Morris CS9 Armored Car:

Usage

Used in France with the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).1 38 were in the 12th Royal Lancers in France 1940. Only armored car regiment in BEF (British Expeditionary Force).

Was also sent to the Middle East.1 30 issued to 11th Hussars which used them in the Western Desert. Remained in service until 1943.1

Standard Car 4x2

Used for defense of airfields and factories. Named after Lord Beaverbrook Minister of Aircraft Production. Used for home defence service with Army and RAF.

Specifications

  Morris Mk I, Mk II, Light Recon Cars
Crew 31
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 8,288 lb, 3.7 tons1, 3,760 kg1
Length 13' 4"1, 4.06 m1
Height 6' 2"1, 1.88 m1
Width 6' 8"1, 2.03 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 2: 7.7 mm (.303 cal) MG1
Boys ATR
Secondary  
MG Bren MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 14
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Morris1
Cylinders 41
Net HP 72, 961
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity (gallons)  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 50 mph, 45 mph1
72 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 240 miles1
385 km1
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type) Mk II: Leaf spring
Wheels each side  
Tires  
  Morris Light Armored Reconnaissance Car (Morris Armored Car1)
Crew Commander, gunner, driver, radio operator
41
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 4.2 tons1, 4,268 kg1
Length 15' 6"1, 4.77 m1
Height 7'1, 2.13 m1
Width 6' 9"1, 2.05 m1
Ground clearance  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 12.7 mm (.50 cal) Boys ATR1
Secondary 7.7 mm (.303 cal) MG1
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Morris
Cylinders 6
Net HP  
Transmission  
Fuel type  
Octane  
Capacity (gallons)  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 45 mph1
73 kph1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 240 miles1
385 km1
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Tires  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site